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World checklist of hornworts and liverworts
expand article infoLars Söderström, Anders Hagborg§, Matt von Konrat§, Sharon Bartholomew-Began|, David Bell, Laura Briscoe§, Elizabeth Brown#, D. Christine Cargill¤, Denise Pinheiro da Costa«, Barbara J. Crandall-Stotler», Endymion Dante Cooper˄, Gregorio Dauphin˅, John Engel¦, Kathrin Feldbergˀ, David Glennyˁ, S. Robbert Gradstein, Xiaolan He, Jochen Heinrichs, Joern Hentschel, Anna Luiza Ilkiu-Borges, Tomoyuki Katagiri, Nadezhda A. Konstantinova, Juan Larraín¦, David Long, Martin Nebel, Tamás Pócs, Felisa Puche, Elena Reiner-Drehwald, Matt Renner#, Andrea Sass-Gyarmati, Alfons Schäfer-Verwimp, José Gabriel Segarra-Moragues‡‡, Raymond E. Stotler», Phiangphak Sukkharak§§, Barbara Thiers||, Jaime Uribe¶¶, Jiří Váňa##, Juan Villarreal¤¤, Martin Wigginton««, Li Zhang»», Rui-Liang Zhu˄˄
‡ NTNU, Trondheim, Norway
§ The Field Museum, Chicago, United States of America
| West Chester University, West Chester, United States of America
¶ University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
# Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia
¤ Australian National Herbarium, Canberra, Australia
« Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
» Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, United States of America
˄ University of Maryland, Maryland, United States of America
˅ Unaffiliated, Acosta, Costa Rica
¦ Field Museum, Chicago, United States of America
ˀ Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany
ˁ unknown, unknown, New Zealand
₵ Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
ℓ Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
₰ Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Münchenen, München, Germany
₱ Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany
₳ Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, Brazil
₴ Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
₣ N.A. Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden–Institute of Kola SC RAS, Kirovsk, Russia
₮ Royal Botanical Gardens, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
₦ Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
₭ Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Hungary
₲ Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain
‽ University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
₩ Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
₸ Unaffiliated, Herdwangen-Schönach, Germany
‡‡ Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de València, Burjassot (Valencia), Spain
§§ Burapha University, Mueang, Thailand
|| The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, United States of America
¶¶ Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
## Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic
¤¤ Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Germany
«« Unaffiliated, Peterborough, United Kingdom
»» Fairylake Botanical Garden, Guangdong, China
˄˄ East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Open Access

Abstract

A working checklist of accepted taxa worldwide is vital in achieving the goal of developing an online flora of all known plants by 2020 as part of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. We here present the first-ever worldwide checklist for liverworts (Marchantiophyta) and hornworts (Anthocerotophyta) that includes 7486 species in 398 genera representing 92 families from the two phyla. The checklist has far reaching implications and applications, including providing a valuable tool for taxonomists and systematists, analyzing phytogeographic and diversity patterns, aiding in the assessment of floristic and taxonomic knowledge, and identifying geographical gaps in our understanding of the global liverwort and hornwort flora. The checklist is derived from a working data set centralizing nomenclature, taxonomy and geography on a global scale. Prior to this effort a lack of centralization has been a major impediment for the study and analysis of species richness, conservation and systematic research at both regional and global scales. The success of this checklist, initiated in 2008, has been underpinned by its community approach involving taxonomic specialists working towards a consensus on taxonomy, nomenclature and distribution.

Keywords

Marchantiophyta, Anthocerophyta, nomenclature, taxonomy

This checklist is dedicated to Elizabeth Brown and Ray Stotler, who sadly left us during our work with it.

“……Charles Darwin wrote of his desire to provide financial support ‘for the formation of a perfect M.S. catalogue of all known plants’ (Darwin 1881, letter 13570). It is a personal embarrassment to me, and should be chastening to us all, that more than 120 years later we still have not delivered on that commitment.” (Crane 2004).

Introduction

The natural world is changing fast (Balmford et al. 2005). The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) was adopted by the Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in April 2002 (http://www.cbd.int/decision/cop/?id=7183; accessed 2014.06.02). The Strategy set out 16 outcome-oriented targets that were to be achieved by 2010. The GSPC was designed as a framework for action to halt the loss of plant diversity. Target 1 of the Strategy was to complete “a widely accessible working list of all known plant species, as a step towards a complete world Flora” (Lughadha 2004). As early as 1881 Charles Darwin expressed a wish to have a catalogue of all known plants (Crane 2004). However, over 125 years later, this wish is not yet fulfilled. Without a working checklist, many of the other objectives in the GSPC cannot be met and botanists around the world cannot communicate about plants on a global basis (Crane 2004). A working list of known plant species is critical for (I) its underpinning role in the effective implementation of the other targets through provision of baseline information; (II) increasing the accessibility and use of accurate botanical name information for research, conservation and sustainable use; and (III) real-world politics and how taxonomists respond to the decisions of policy makers (Paton et al. 2008).

Version 1.0 of The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/) was released in December 2010 aimed to be comprehensive for species of vascular plants (flowering plants, conifers, ferns and their allies) and of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), as a response to the 2010 Target 1 of the GSPC and to a clear global need for such data. The Plant List is a broad collaboration, coordinated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and the Missouri Botanical Garden (MO), involving diverse partnerships. Paton (2013) noted The Plant List represents a work in progress with future versions planned to improve the quality of names and decrease the number of unresolved names. Target 1 has since been revised and agreed at the 10th COP of the CBD in Nagoya, Japan, with the goal of developing ‘‘an online flora of all known plants’’ by 2020 (http://www.cbd.int/decision/cop/default.shtml?id=12283; accessed 2014.06.02). Paton (2013) identified several factors that might assist in the implementation of the revised target, stressing that achieving a working list for plant taxa worldwide was a vital step to an online flora.

Earlier, Paton et al. (2008) assessed the progress made at that time and discussed prospects for the completion of Target 1. Paton noted that good progress had been made in bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), ferns and gymnosperms with widely accessible working lists either complete or almost so for those groups. For bryophytes alone, he tabulated 13,370 accepted species noting that the data was largely derived from Tropicos. However, although Tropicos is an indispensable reference for anyone dealing with bryophyte names and the database is very strong for mosses, the nomenclatural and auxiliary data for liverworts is less complete, especially for larger genera (von Konrat et al. 2008a). The lack of a central source providing a synthesis of nomenclatural data and global distributional data was the impetus toward developing the current checklist of liverworts and hornworts (von Konrat et al. 2008a, 2010d, Söderström et al. 2012e). Checklists are powerful and important tools that can integrate the almost overwhelmingly scattered information concerning taxonomy, systematics, nomenclature, distribution, and even frequency (Söderström et al. 2008).

Ecological and biological significance of liverworts and hornworts

Liverworts and hornworts (Figure 1) are of critical biological, ecological, and phylogenetic significance (e.g. Asakawa 1998, Longton 1992, Hallingbäck and Hodgetts 2000, Gradstein et al. 2001b, Wellman et al. 2003, Qiu et al. 2007). Liverworts are found on soil, rocks, and trees throughout the world, from coastal Antarctica to the tundra of the Northern Hemisphere, and from semi-arid areas of Australia to the Amazon rainforests (Hallingbäck and Hodgetts 2000). Although there are xero-tolerant taxa, the majority of liverworts are found in relatively humid and shaded terrestrial ecosystems (Gradstein and Costa 2003). Liverworts and hornworts are an important component of the vegetation in many regions of the world, constituting a major part of the biodiversity in moist forest, wetlands, mountain, and tundra ecosystems (Hallingbäck and Hodgetts 2000).

Figure 1.

Habit images of selected lineages of Anthocerotophyta (hornworts) and Marchantiophyta (liverworts). A Phaeomegaceros squamuliger, photo by J. Hollinger B Haplomitrium mnioides, photo by L. Zhang C Conocephalum japonicum, photo by D. G. Long D Colura vitiensis, photo by T. Pócs E Pleurozia gigantea, photo by L. Söderström F Riccardia spegazziniana, photo by Juan Larraín.

Liverworts, hornworts and mosses offer microhabitats that are critical to the survival of a tremendous diversity of organisms such as single-celled eukaryotes, protozoa, and numerous groups of invertebrates (Gerson 1982). Their structural contribution to levels of diversity might be as significant as that of vascular plants, albeit at a smaller scale (von Konrat et al. 2008a). These plants are also important environmental and ecological indicators (Rao 1982, Pitcairn et al. 1995, Gradstein et al. 2001b, Giordano et al. 2004). Liverworts, in concert with mosses and hornworts, play a significant role in the global carbon budget (O’Neill 2000) and CO2 exchange (De Lucia et al. 2003), plant succession (Cremer and Mount 1965), net production and phytomass (Frahm 1990), nutrient cycling (Coxson 1991), and water retention (Pócs 1980a, Gradstein et al. 2001b). These groups of land plants also have been used as indicators of past climate change, to validate climate models, and as potential indicators of global warming (Gignac 2001, Tuba et al. 2011).

Species numbers

There are estimated to exist only 215 hornwort species. By comparison estimates of liverwort species richness have varied considerably, by as much as 50%, with estimates ranging from 4,500 to 9,000 (e.g. Pearson 1995, Forrest et al. 2006). In the last decade or so estimates in the range of 5,000 to 6,000 liverwort species have been widely accepted (e.g. Gradstein and Costa 2003, Gradstein and Ilkiu-Borges 2009, Heinrichs et al. 2007). von Konrat et al. (2010a) provided a mean estimate of 7,500 for the number of liverwort species based on estimating rates of synonymy in a sample of recently monographed and revised taxa. A standardized global worldwide liverwort checklist with strong community participation, as presented here, coupled with the critical need for ongoing monographs and revisions, will aid in arriving at clearer estimates of liverwort and hornwort diversity. Significantly, a list of standardized names reviewed by taxonomic experts will enable more meaningful geographical and biogeographical species comparative studies. The global checklist of accepted liverwort and hornwort taxa has vast potential, not only in aiding our understanding of liverwort diversity, patterns, and processes, but also to the broader biological community (von Konrat et al. 2008a).

Below we provide context to the worldwide checklist, including a brief historical account and current informational resources, structure and layout, systematic and classification concepts, and methodology, including a brief overview of the underlying data set and nomenclatural elements.

Major historical works

Schuster (1966d) has provided a detailed account on the history of hepaticology, up to the first half of the 20th century. Earlier, Verdoorn (1934c) also outlined a valuable historical review of important figures in hepaticology. In the early 19th century, possibly the two most influential persons who provided an early framework for taxonomic concepts were W.J. Hooker and G. Raddi. During the middle of the 19th century C.G. Nees von Esenbeck, C.M. Gottsche and J.B.W. Lindenberg provided vastly significant contributions towards developing a classification framework. Frahm and Eggers (2001) provided a brief biography of these workers. This was later followed by R. Spruce and the Austrian-born H. Leitgeb in the second half 19th century. Leitgeb in particular was instrumental in liverwort plant morphology and anatomy including a six part treatise, “Untersuchungen ueber die Lebermoose”, from 1874 to 1881. Towards the end of 19th century and early 20th century V. Schiffner, F. Stephani, and A. Evans were prominent hepaticologists. In the first half of the 20th century A. Evans, H. Buch, F. Verdoorn, and K. Müller (Frib.) were leading influential hepaticologists. In the second half of the 20th century, R. Grolle and R.M. Schuster were of extraordinary influence in working towards contemporary classification schemes. Many of these groundbreaking concepts still serve the foundation from which our current classification scheme is derived. R.M. Schuster’s major contribution to botany and hepaticology lies in the astounding new diversity of liverworts he added to our knowledge. He described a staggering 463 species, 83 genera and 15 families new to science. It is difficult to name another contemporary botanist who discovered this much new diversity of a major clade of land plants (Qiu et al. 2013). R.M. Schuster’s contribution to botany went beyond hepatics. He was one of the first botanists who recognized the importance of Wallace’s Line in plant biogeography, separating Australia of Gondwanaland from Southeast Asia of Laurasia (Cronquist 1988).

Figure 2 depicts the number of novel liverwort species, excluding new combinations that have been described over the last 250 years. The first major peak corresponds to the works of several early 19th century botanists, including Synopsis Hepaticarum by Gottsche, Lindenberg, and Nees (1844–1847). The three decades leading into, but prior to the highest peak, between 1860 and 1890, correspond to publications by a number of prominent bryologists including W. Mitten, J.D. Hooker, T. Taylor, and V. Schiffner. The second and highest peak of almost 1,200 names, in the early 1900s corresponds largely to the plethora of taxa described by F. Stephani (1898–1924) in his monumental work Species Hepaticarum. The periods of highest rates of new species described in the 1830s and around 1900 are the same for seed plants (Mutke and Barthlott 2005). The third peak over the four decades between 1950 and 1980 can be attributed mainly to the works of R.M. Schuster, H. Inoue, and S. Hattori. H. Inoue and S. Hattori were influential on large species-rich genera such as Plagiochila, Frullania, and Porella. The decline in newly described species since 1970 does not necessarily translate to the conclusion that taxonomists are closer to discovering all known species. The almost 200 novel liverwort species that have been described in the past six years alone still represent a significant number, considering the relatively few liverwort taxonomists and monographers. Moreover, bryological exploration has been very uneven in many parts of the world. For example, many areas of the Neotropics still remain without a single bryophyte record (Gradstein et al. 2001a). Paradoxically, scores of new species are still being discovered and described in relatively well-studied areas such as New Zealand, e.g. over 50 new taxa since 2000 alone (e.g. Engel and Schuster 2001, Engel and Glenny 2008a, Renner and de Lange 2011, von Konrat et al. 2012b). Recent attention to cryptic speciation in bryophytes is also revealing novel liverwort species (e.g. Szweykowski et al. 2005). The combination of collecting in yet-to-be explored areas, the continued discovery of species in well-studied regions, and an increased understanding of the biology of liverworts (including cryptic speciation), will lead to a significant number of newly discovered species in the foreseeable future. The corollary of this, coupled with increased monographic and revisional work, will be the increased discovery and the unravelling of synonymy.

Figure 2.

Number of novel liverwort species, excluding new combinations, which have been described over the last 250 years, with an inset of the number described from 2001–2012.

Contemporary resources

Data availability and information needs associated with liverworts and hornworts have been reviewed extensively by von Konrat et al. (2008a, 2010a). A fundamental problem common to all nomenclatural indexing projects is the dispersed nature of the biological literature, some of which may date back over 250 years (Lughadha 2004). Our own data records, from 1990 to the present alone, indicate there are over 190 periodical titles and non-serials in which liverwort nomenclatural novelties were published. The most useful and successful web-accessible bryophyte nomenclatural database is Tropicos (http://www.tropicos.org), which offers name data with references and type information as well as links to specimen data of its holdings. Tropicos has therefore become an indispensable reference for anyone dealing with bryophyte names. However, as stated above, the database is particularly strong for mosses and far less comprehensive for liverworts. Moreover, Tropicos does not prescribe taxonomic disposition of names, i.e., there is no attempt to adopt a single consistent view on the status of any particular name (Lughadha 2004, von Konrat et al. 2008a).

A major nomenclatural work is the Index Hepaticarum (http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/hepatic/index.php), which includes all effectively published liverwort epithets spanning 12 volumes with the closing date of 1973. The indices were prepared as a purely nomenclatural resource and did not claim to express any particular taxonomic concept. Recently, Crosby and Engel (2006) provided an equally valuable nomenclatural resource and catalog of names at all ranks for liverworts and hornworts published during 1974 to 2000. Subsequently, indices of the citations for names published for bryophytes have been compiled for the years 2001-2004 (Crosby and Magill 2005) and 2005 (Crosby and Magill 2006). The Early Land Plants Today initiative has continued this series (von Konrat et al. 2010c, Söderström et al. 2012b, 2014).

The application of molecular phylogenetics continues to generate new insights into the evolutionary history of liverworts and hornworts. In recent years, inferences made from these phylogenies have especially revolutionized liverwort classification (Crandall-Stotler et al. 2009). Yet, the reconstruction of the phylogenetic history of the Marchantiophyta and Anthocerotophyta remains an ongoing effort and the classification is fluid (von Konrat et al. 2010a). The current checklist largely follows the comprehensive phylogenetic liverwort classification scheme provided by Crandall- Stotler et al. (2009) and the hornwort classification scheme of Stotler and Crandall-Stotler (2005). Thus the checklist largely adheres to their higher classification namely from class to suborder, and the majority of family and genera arrangements provided therein. However, there are some notable exceptions, especially in the systematic treatment of liverworts, which largely either reflect publications subsequent to 2009, or are a slight departure in taxonomic opinion based on earlier works, e.g. the concepts of Saccogynaceae and Stephaniellaceae depart from Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009). Since 2010 there have been a number of realignments and novel hypotheses proposed that were generated from conclusions based on molecular evidence which have influenced the systematic treatment presented here. These include, for example, Adelanthaceae (e.g. Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009, Feldberg et al. 2010b, 2010a, Söderström et al. 2010b, Vilnet et al. 2010), Anastrophyllaceae (e.g. Söderström et. al 2010b), Gymnomitriaceae (e.g. Vilnet et al 2007a, 2010, Váňa et al. 2010b, Shaw et al. 2015), Lepidoziaceae (Cooper 2013), Lophocoleaceae (Söderström et al. 2013b), and Scapaniaceae (e.g. Vilnet et al. 2010, Heinrichs et al. 2012a). In all cases, any such departures, new families, or realignments are noted and very briefly discussed throughout the checklist. As noted by Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009) many small families still remain to be investigated using molecular data, and many of the large families and genera that have been sampled appear to be either polyphyletic or paraphyletic.

The systematic treatment as outlined here also includes the addition of subfamily and infrageneric classification; ranks not presented by Crandall-Stotler et al. (2008b, 2009). Although there are arguably a number of ambiguous placements, especially at the infrageneric rank, and there remain many areas of contention, particularly at the familial and generic level, the systematic treatment itself serves as an excellent synopsis of contemporary taxonomic opinion, including infrageneric ranks. The infrageneric treatments will also aid future efforts in providing a taxonomic framework that will be particularly useful for extremely large genera. In large part, the infrageneric treatments only deal with those taxa that represent phylogenetic clades with strong support. Care has been taken to reduce ambiguity and those taxa where infrageneric placement is weak or without evidence are simply listed under the genus and not placed systematically.

Structure and format of the checklist

The checklist is presented in a taxonomic framework as outlined above with four main sections. The first is arranged systematically with taxa ordered alphabetically within the nearest higher rank. A brief discussion for selected families is provided in the main body of the text under the respective families. This does not appear uniformly for all families, but typically for larger more complicated families. Rather, a brief description is provided mainly where concepts depart from Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009) or if new information has come to light since that publication. Subfamilies and infrageneric ranks have been incorporated where appropriate. However, if the subgeneric placement is unclear the species are listed under “Incertae sedis”. From the rank of genus and below, all entries include a three star confidence ranking (described below), accepted taxon name, authority, abbreviated publication title, page number and date, which is cross- referenced to the full citation in the reference list, as well as the basionym if appropriate. A typical entry appears as follows:

*** Oleolophozia L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b).

*** Oleolophozia perssonii (H.Buch et S.W.Arnell) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 51, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Lophozia perssonii H.Buch et S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 97: 382, 1944 (Buch 1944).

There are comprehensive footnotes throughout the systematic section of the checklist. These are applied to selected names representing the rank of genus and below only. Footnotes without any literature citation represent observations from the authors of the respective family. Footnotes are wide ranging in their content. Generally, footnotes can be categorized into the following: i) general statements relating to taxonomic opinion, ii) comments on the type specimen, iii) comments about possible conspecificity, including citation of conflicting opinions, and iv) comment about species complexes.

This section is followed by a list of taxa in genera that we do not recognize. Those names represent taxa that have not been studied recently and have not been recognized in any recent treatment. However, many of those names are old and may gain priority over some recognized taxa once their identity is determined.

The next section is an alphabetical list of taxa of the ranks of species and below. The alphabetical list includes the confidence level, the taxon name and authority as well as a reference to the page of the corresponding entry in the systematic section. Thus, the alphabetical list provides a rapid gateway requiring no prior knowledge of higher taxonomy, but also serves as an index to the corresponding name in the systematic section that includes more detailed information.

The last section is a reference list where full bibliographic citations are given to all references for taxa included in the checklist. Titles and references have all been checked and verified, except in a few cases where we could not get hold of the publications.

Taxon confidence levels

Significantly, each accepted taxon is qualified using a three level ranking system that summarizes our knowledge about a taxon. The coding convention we are adopting largely follows that described by von Konrat et al. (2010d) using one to three stars, which has been applied to recent regional checklists produced by the Early Land Plants Today initiative, e.g. Söderström et al. (2010a, 2011a, 2011b, 2012g, 2013e). The conventions are briefly outlined below coupled with samples illustrating how these conventions are applied in practice. The application of a confidence level to a taxon’s status and whether it represents a genuine “species” that is reached through community consensus may go towards refining species estimates using an evidence-based approach (von Konrat et al. 2008a, 2008b). The confidence levels coupled with the detailed annotations in the form of footnotes may also provide a rapid assessment of taxa and help aid and drive future research into specific taxonomic or nomenclatural problems and issues.

The coding convention:

* Serious doubts. There are doubts about the value of the taxon. It can be that there are conflicting views without any substantial evidence in any direction, conflicting views with substantiating evidence supporting one or both positions, or evidence pointing towards synonymization but it is premature to do it. We have adhered to the principle that it is better to keep a taxon with one star (and preferably a note) than to synonymize it too quickly. Example: Bazzania asymmetrica is conspecific with Bazzania macgregorii in Grolle (1968a), but Kitagawa (1979a) kept them separate. Example: Nardia kamtschatica may be conspecific with Nardia assamica (Váňa 1976c), but the type specimen could not be studied.

** Knowledge problem. The taxon is not well known by the person evaluating it. It may be a newly described species or a species originally not well described and not restudied recently. Example: Jungermannia erectii Ajit P.Singh et V.Nath was recently described and has not been independently studied by someone with a global overview. It is therefore difficult to evaluate.

*** Accepted. A good taxon as currently understood based on personal experience or on taxonomic revisions that have been convincingly performed. Nomenclature and/or taxonomic position may, however, be questioned. Elements may be excluded from the taxon, but the taxon with the current type will still be accepted. Example: H. Bischler-Causse revised the genus Marchantia worldwide in a series of publications. Although she had a broad species concept, she also recognized infraspecific taxa. The taxa that she recognized without doubt should be accepted unless new evidence against it exists. Adopting a narrower species concept so that many of her subspecies are elevated to species does not change her view of what a good taxon is.

Methodology

The foundation of the checklist is in the underlying data set from which it is derived. It was briefly described by von Konrat et al. (2008a, 2010a). The working data sets now includes a bibliography of 25,000 publications; approximately 39,000 published liverwort names (including “accepted” taxa, synonyms, invalid and illegitimate names). The data quality and standards were outlined by von Konrat et al. (2010d). In summary, for authorities and for the citation abbreviations, we follow the standards set by the on-line version of Authors of Plant Names at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew Website (http://www.ipni.org), with whom we collaborate closely and provide with updated data records. Publications and journal abbreviations follow Taxonomic Literature: A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types (Stafleu and Cowan 1976–2009) (http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/tl-2/search.cfm) and Botanico Periodicum Huntianum Lawrence et al. (1968) (http://huntbot.andrew.cmu.edu/HIBD/Departments/Databases.shtml).

There has been an intense systematic effort focusing on data quality. In all but a few cases nomenclatural data has been verified against original publications. Söderström and Hagborg have checked and confirmed almost every original publication (three publications have not been available) for correct author, title and journal/book citation, date of publication as far as possible, page number for the protologue, and if the name is validly and legitimately published according to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (Melbourne Code; McNeill et al. 2012). Most significantly, the checklist has been community driven and collaborative. Broader participation by taxonomic specialists and regional experts has lead to the checklist containing high quality data (cf. Söderström et al. 2008). Development of the checklist has included three international meetings (the first one in 2009) and generated 74 published notes on taxonomy and nomenclature under the auspices of the Early Land Plants Today initiative from 2012 to 2015. The series of meetings were instrumental in providing a framework for direct interaction with taxonomic experts, workshops reviewing names, and helping identify potential participants who were taxonomic experts in specific taxonomic groups, whether these were individual genera or entire families.

The notes, published in the journal Phytotaxa, have included 38 authors from 13 countries. These are the results of several years of revisions of taxonomic groups by taxonomic experts. Following these revisions and working with participants identifying nomenclatural and taxonomic problems that would impact the worldwide checklist, Söderström, Hagborg and von Konrat led editorial efforts in compiling manuscripts with baseline information and nomenclatural or taxonomic issues that required resolving. The work was then coordinated with the taxonomic experts who drove and led the process and often identified further issues. The series of notes on taxonomy and nomenclature of liverworts and hornworts provided updated nomenclature, corrected invalid and illegitimate names and described new taxa based on studies (mainly molecular) that did not draw nomenclatural conclusions. Those notes are all open access and any changes were effective immediately as the Melbourne Code of Botanical Nomenclature allows publishing on internet from 1 Jan. 2012 (Knapp et al. 2011).

This checklist builds on all published taxonomic and nomenclatural papers, that have come to our attention until June 30, 2015.

Summary statistics

We here present the first-ever worldwide checklist for liverworts (Marchantiophyta) and hornworts (Anthocerotophyta) that includes 8,078 taxa (species and below) in 7,486 species representing 398 genera, 92 families, 20 orders and 7 classes from the two phyla. The list includes 3,533 species with three stars, 2,988 species with two stars and 915 species with one star. The checklist also has extra utility in that it contains 3,106 references in the bibliography that serve as a powerful bibliographic resource for liverwort and hornwort systematic and taxonomic research.

Concluding remarks

The marked-up publication form of the current checklist by PhytoKeys provides a virtual instrument with a linked environment both internally (e.g. within an article) and externally (GBIF, IPNI, Tropicos, Wikispecies, etc.) that will undoubtedly help accelerate taxonomic research. The published checklist was the first phase in providing a worldwide list of accepted names. The next phase is to establish a generally recognized online repository to augment the huge underlying informational auxiliary data of over 25,000 publications, almost 39,000 published names, and the over 700,000 geographical observations. Several features of Web-based technology make it an essential tool, including 1) a vehicle to facilitate data access, 2) to unify the vastly scattered data on distributional information and nomenclature, 3) offering dynamic rather than static data in a searchable forum. The broader accessibility to the wealth of auxiliary data will help augment monographic and revisional work for many taxonomic groups, aid in identifying the need for increased floristic and survey work in many regions throughout the world, and have broad implications and applications beyond taxonomic research such as conservation science. The current Early Land Plants Today model has strong participation from taxonomic experts and an online resource will provide an opportunity to expand stakeholders to include ecologists, conservationists, scientists from other disciplines and general interest groups. However, such an effort can only be successful if it comes with sustained funding and infrastructure rather than depending on an ad hoc commitment by a few individuals, however dedicated.

The project will help augment monographic and revisional work for many taxonomic groups and aid in identifying the need for increased floristic and survey work in many regions throughout the world. Although there are many challenges ahead to obtain high quality data, quantifying global liverwort diversity is a tractable, multi-faceted and scientifically important goal, and everyone stands to gain by fostering this endeavour. The success of the project will lie on strong collaboration between institutions and the bryological community in general.

Taxonomic list

Anthocerotophyta

Anthocerotopsida de Bary ex Jancz

Anthocerotidae Rosenv

Anthocerotales Limpr
*** Anthocerotaceae Dumort

by J.C. Villarreal and D.C. Cargill

Notes on nomenclature and taxonomy can also be found in Cargill et al. (2013b) and Villarreal et al. (2015)

*** Anthoceros L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1139, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753). 1

*** Anthoceros adscendens Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 24, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Anthoceros agrestis Paton, J. Bryol. 10 (3): 257, 1979 (Paton 1979a), nom. conserv. 2

*** Anthoceros alpinus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 425, 1923 (Stephani 1923).

* Anthoceros angustifolius Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 582, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846). 3

*** Anthoceros angustus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1001, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros bharadwajii Udar et A.K.Asthana, Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., B 51 (4): 484, 1985 (Udar and Asthana 1985b).

** Anthoceros buettneri Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 997, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros capricornii Cargill et G.A.M.Scott, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 82: 55, 1997 (Cargill and Scott 1997).

*** Anthoceros caucasicus Steph., Izv. Kavkazsk. Muz. 8: 87, 1914 (Voronov’ 1914).

** Anthoceros cavernosus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 998, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Anthoceros chambensis Kashyap, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25 (2): 281, 1917 (Kashyap 1917).

** Anthoceros chungii Khanna, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 17 (5/6): 316, 1938 (Khanna 1938).

** Anthoceros crispatus Griff., Not. pl. asiat. 2: 349, 1849 (Griffith 1849).

** Anthoceros dimorphus Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 114, 1926 (Sim 1926).

*** Anthoceros erectus Kashyap, New Phytol. 14 (1): 9, 1915 (Kashyap 1915).

** Anthoceros expansus (Steph.) J.C.Villarreal et Cargill, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 92, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Aspiromitus expansus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 961, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Anthoceros ferdinandi-muelleri Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1007, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). 4

*** Anthoceros fragilis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1006, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros fusiformis Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (4): 28, 1875 [1876] (Austin 1875a).

*** Anthoceros fusiformis var. taiwanensis J.Haseg., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 44 (2): 100, 1993 (Hasegawa 1993b).

** Anthoceros gasongorii Gola, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino (ser. 2) 65 (1): 10, 1916 (Gola 1916).

** Anthoceros granulatus Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 275, 1863 (Gottsche 1863).

** Anthoceros harrisanus (Steph.) Parihar, Univ. Allahabad Stud., Bot. 1961-2: 31, 1962 (Parihar 1962). Bas.: Aspiromitus harrisanus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 965, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Anthoceros helmsii Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 142, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). 5

** Anthoceros jamesonii Taylor ex Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 171, 1855 (Mitten 1855).

* Anthoceros javanicoides H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 319, 1981 (Miller 1981). Nom. nov. pro Anthoceros javanicus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 988, 1916 (Stephani 1916b), nom. illeg. 6

** Anthoceros jungermannioides Schwein., Spec. Fl. Amer. Crypt.: 25, 1821 (Schweinitz 1821).

* Anthoceros kajumas (K.I.Goebel) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78 (4): 347, 1951 (Proskauer 1951a). Bas.: Aspiromitus kajumas K.I.Goebel, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 39: 69, 1928 (Goebel 1928).

* Anthoceros koshii Khanna, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 15 (4): 237, 1936 (Khanna 1936).

*** Anthoceros lamellatus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1000, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros laminifer Steph., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29 (201): 266, 1892 (Stephani 1892b).

*** Anthoceros macounii M.Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25 (1): 19, 1898 (Howe 1898a).

*** Anthoceros macrosporus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1005, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

** Anthoceros maritimus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 984, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Anthoceros megasporus Meijer, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 18: 6, 1957 (Meijer 1957).

** Anthoceros muscoides Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 361, 1884 (Colenso 1884).

*** Anthoceros myriandroecius Steph., Wiss. Ergebn. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped. (1907-08), Bot. 2: 134, 1911 (Stephani 1911a).

** Anthoceros natalensis Steph., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 88: 732, 1913 (Stephani 1913b).

*** Anthoceros neesii Prosk., Leberm. Eur. 2 (9): 1312, 1958 (Proskauer 1958). Nom. nov. pro Anthoceros punctatus α* monocarpus Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 4: 339, 1838 (Nees 1838a).

** Anthoceros niger Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1005, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

** Anthoceros orizabensis (Steph.) Hässel, Candollea 45 (1): 211, 1990 (Hässel 1990b). Bas.: Aspiromitus orizabensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 965, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros pandei Udar et A.K.Asthana, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 64: 305, 1985 (Udar and Asthana 1985a).

*** Anthoceros patagonicus Hässel, Candollea 45 (1): 207, 1990 (Hässel 1990b).

*** Anthoceros patagonicus subsp. gremmenii J.C.Villarreal, J.J.Engel et Váňa, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 32, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013).

** Anthoceros peruvianus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 999, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

** Anthoceros pinnatus Steph., Bol. Soc. Brot. 4: 154 [182], 1885 [1886] (Stephani 1885c).

*** Anthoceros punctatus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1139, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753). 7

* Anthoceros pusillus Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 255, 1886 (Colenso 1886b).

*** Anthoceros rosulans J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 60: 379, 1986 (Hasegawa 1986b).

*** Anthoceros sambesianus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 996, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros scariosus Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 230, 1869 (Austin 1869).

** Anthoceros schroederi Steph., 52 (5): 306, 1912 (Stephani 1912a).

** Anthoceros serratus Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 90, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

** Anthoceros simulans M.Howe, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 21 (17): 204, 1934 (Howe 1934).

** Anthoceros spongiosus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1003, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros subtilis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1003, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros telaganus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1005, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Anthoceros tristanianus J.C.Villarreal, J.J.Engel et Váňa, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 33, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013).

*** Anthoceros tuberculatus Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 25, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

** Anthoceros venosus Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 4: 584, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

Excluded from the genus

* Anthoceros aethyopicus Gola, Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13 (1): 73, 1914 (Gola 1914a). 8

* Anthoceros brunnthaleri Steph., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 88: 732, 1913 (Stephani 1913b). 9

* Anthoceros floribundus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 977, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). 10

* Anthoceros mildbraedii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 428, 1923 (Stephani 1923). 11

* Anthoceros parvifrons Steph., 52 (5): 307, 1912 (Stephani 1912a). 12

* Anthoceros pseudocostus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 977, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). 13

* Anthoceros rossoi Gola, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino (ser. 2) 65 (1): 10, 1916 (Gola 1916). 14

*** Folioceros D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 1 (1): 9, 1971 (Bharadwaj 1971).

*** Folioceros amboinensis (Schiffn.) Piippo, Acta Bot. Fenn. 148: 36, 1993 (Piippo 1993b). Bas.: Anthoceros amboinensis Schiffn., Leberm., Forschungsr. Gazelle 4 (4): 45, 1890 (Schiffner 1890).

** Folioceros apiahynus (Steph.) Hässel, Candollea 45 (1): 215, 1990 (Hässel 1990b). Bas.: Anthoceros apiahynus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 999, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

** Folioceros argillaceus (Steph.) J.C.Villarreal et Cargill, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 93, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Aspiromitus argillaceus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 970, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Folioceros assamicus D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 1 (1): 10, 1971 (Bharadwaj 1971).

** Folioceros dilatatus (Steph.) J.C.Villarreal et Cargill, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 93, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Anthoceros dilatatus Steph., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8 (2): 95, 1886 (Stephani 1886d).

*** Folioceros dixitianus (Mahab.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Aspiromitus dixitianus Mahab., Curr. Sci. 10 (12): 532, 1941 (Mahabale 1941).

*** Folioceros fuciformis (Mont.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Anthoceros fuciformis Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 20: 296, 1844 (Montagne 1844b).

*** Folioceros glandulosus (Lehm. et Lindenb.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Anthoceros glandulosus Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 26, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Folioceros incurvus (Steph.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Anthoceros incurvus Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 143, 1893 (Stephani 1893b).

*** Folioceros indicus D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 8 (1): 114, 1978 (Bharadwaj 1978).

*** Folioceros kashyapii S.C.Srivast. et A.K.Asthana, Bryologist 92 (2): 219, 1989 (Srivastava and Asthana 1989).

*** Folioceros mangaloreus (Steph.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Aspiromitus mangaloreus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 967, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Folioceros paliformis D.K.Singh, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 29: 176, 1987 [1989] (Singh 1987b).

*** Folioceros physocladus D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 8 (1): 115, 1978 (Bharadwaj 1978). Based on: Anthoceros physocladus Schiffn. ex Pandé, Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Assoc. 47 (2): 98, 1960 (Pandé 1960), nom. inval.

*** Folioceros pinnilobus (Steph.) D.C.Bharadwaj, Geophytology 5 (2): 227, 1975 (Bharadwaj 1975). Bas.: Anthoceros pinnilobus Steph., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 81: 299, 1907 (Stephani 1907a).

*** Folioceros satpurensis D.C.Bharadwaj et K.P.Srivast., Geophytology 8 (1): 112, 1978 (Bharadwaj 1978). Based on: Anthoceros satpurensis K.P.Srivast., Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Assoc. 47 (3): 337, 1960 (Srivastava 1960), nom. inval.

*** Folioceros udarii A.K.Asthana et S.C.Srivast., Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 7 (2): 151, 1986 (Asthana and Srivastava 1986).

*** Folioceros verruculosus (J.Haseg.) R.L.Zhu et M.J.Lai, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48 (5): 383, 2011 (Wang et al. 2011). Bas.: Anthoceros verruculosus J.Haseg., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 44 (2): 103, 1993 (Hasegawa 1993b).

Dendrocerotidae R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia

Dendrocerotales Hässel
*** Dendrocerotaceae J.Haseg

by J.C. Villarreal and D.C. Cargill

*** Dendroceros Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 579, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

** subg. Apoceros R.M.Schust., Phytologia 63 (3): 200, 1987 (Schuster 1987b).

*** Dendroceros cavernosus J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 306, 1980 (Hasegawa 1980).

*** Dendroceros difficilis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1009, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

*** Dendroceros muelleri Steph., Hedwigia 28 (2): 133, 1889 (Stephani 1889a).

*** Dendroceros ogeramnangus Piippo, Acta Bot. Fenn. 148: 40, 1993 (Piippo 1993b).

*** Dendroceros pedunculatus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 14, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

** Dendroceros subdifficilis S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 64 (755/756): 119, 1951 (Hattori 1951c).

** subg. Dendroceros

*** Dendroceros acutilobus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 18, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

*** Dendroceros borbonicus Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 32 (2): 31, 1893 [1894] (Stephani 1893e).

*** Dendroceros crispus (Sw.) Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 581, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846). Bas.: Anthoceros crispus Sw., Prodr. (Swartz): 146, 1788 (Swartz 1788).

*** Dendroceros foliicola J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 296, 1980 (Hasegawa 1980).

*** Dendroceros japonicus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 15, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

*** Dendroceros javanicus (Nees) Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 582, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846). Bas.: Anthoceros javanicus Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 1, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Dendroceros subplanus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 20, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

*** Dendroceros tubercularis S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 58 (685): 6, 1944 (Hattori 1944b).

*** Dendroceros validus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1016, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

** Dendroceros vesconianus Gottsche, J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 150, 1898 (Bescherelle 1898).

** Dendroceros wattsianus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 17, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

Incertae sedis

* Dendroceros adglutinatus (Hook.f. et Taylor) Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 580, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846). Bas.: Monoclea adglutinata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 4: 96, 1845 (Hooker and Taylor 1845). 15

*** Dendroceros africanus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 18, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

** Dendroceros allionii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1014, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

** Dendroceros australis Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 17, 1909 (Stephani 1909c).

** Dendroceros breutelii Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 581, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

** Dendroceros breutelii var. surinamensis Lindenb. et Gottsche, Linnaea 24 (6): 639, 1851 [1852] (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851a).

*** Dendroceros cichoraceus (Mont.) Gottsche, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) Beil. 16: 16, 1858 (Gottsche 1858). Bas.: Anthoceros cichoraceus Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 3) 4: 355, 1845 (Montagne 1845b).

* Dendroceros crassicostatus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1015, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

** Dendroceros crassinervis (Nees) Gottsche, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) Beil. 16: 18, 1858 (Gottsche 1858). Bas.: Anthoceros crassinervis Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 589, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

*** Dendroceros crispatus (Hook.) Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 579, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846). Bas.: Monoclea crispata Hook., Bot. Misc. 1: 117, 1830 (Hooker 1830).

** Dendroceros crispatus var. simplicior Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 574, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Dendroceros cucullatus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 429, 1923 (Stephani 1923). 16

* Dendroceros exalatus Steph., Sitzungsber. Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 36: 14, 1909 (Stephani 1909c). 17

* Dendroceros gracilis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1015, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

*** Dendroceros granulatus Mitt., Fl. vit.: 419, 1871 [1873] (Mitten 1871).

** Dendroceros herasii M.Infante, J. Bryol. 32 (4): 285, 2010 (Infante 2010).

** Dendroceros humboldtensis Hürl., Bauhinia 1 (3): 254, 1960 (Hürlimann 1960).

** Dendroceros paivae C.A.Garcia, Sérgio et J.C.Villarreal, Cryptog. Bryol. 33 (1): 5, 2012 (Garcia et al. 2012).

* Dendroceros rarus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1014, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

* Dendroceros reticulus Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 26: 37, 1950 [1951] (Herzog 1950b). 18

** Dendroceros rigidus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1017, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

*** Dendroceros seramensis J.Haseg., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 37 (1/3): 10, 1986 (Hasegawa 1986a).

** Dendroceros subtropicus C.J.Wild, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Queensland 1: 49, 1893 (Wild 1893).

** Dendroceros tahitensis Ångstr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 30 (5): 138, 1873 (Ångström 1873).

*** Megaceros Campb., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 21 (4): 484, 1907 (Campbell 1907).

** Megaceros aneuriformis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 949, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Megaceros austronesophilus Cargill et Seppelt, Austral. Syst. Bot. 26 (5): 372, 2013 (Cargill et al. 2013a).

** Megaceros ciliatus K.I.Goebel, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 39: 74, 1928 (Goebel 1928).

*** Megaceros denticulatus (Lehm.) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 956, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). Bas.: Anthoceros denticulatus Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 10: 25, 1857 (Lehmann 1857).

*** Megaceros flagellaris (Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 951, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). Bas.: Anthoceros flagellaris Mitt., Fl. vit.: 419, 1871 [1873] (Mitten 1871).

*** Megaceros gracilis (Reichardt) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 955, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). Bas.: Anthoceros gracilis Reichardt, Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 957, 1866 (Reichardt 1866).

** Megaceros leptohymenius (Hook.f. et Taylor) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 955, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). Bas.: Monoclea leptohymenia Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 575, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844d).

*** Megaceros pellucidus (Colenso) E.A.Hodgs., J. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 2 (1): 115, 1972 (Hodgson 1972). Bas.: Anthoceros pellucidus Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 263, 1885 (Colenso 1885).

** Megaceros tjibodensis Campb., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 21 (4): 484, 1907 (Campbell 1907).

Excluded from the genus 19

* Megaceros flavens (Spruce) Campb., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 21 (4): 483, 1907 (Campbell 1907). Bas.: Anthoceros flavens Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 575, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

* Megaceros jamesonii (Taylor) Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 268, 1916 (Stephani 1916a). Bas.: Dendroceros jamesonii Taylor, London J. Bot. 7: 285, 1848 (Taylor 1848b).

*** Nothoceros (R.M.Schust.) J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 76: 32, 1994 (Hasegawa 1994b). Bas.: Megaceros subg. Nothoceros R.M.Schust., Phytologia 63 (3): 200, 1987 (Schuster 1987b).

*** Nothoceros aenigmaticus J.C.Villarreal et K.D.McFarland, Bryologist 113 (1): 109, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010b). Based on: Megaceros aenigmaticus R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 6: 830, 1992 (Schuster 1992d), nom. inval.

*** Nothoceros canaliculatus (Pagán) J.C.Villarreal, Hässel et N.Salazar, Bryologist 110 (2): 283, 2007 (Villarreal et al. 2007). Bas.: Dendroceros canaliculatus Pagán, Bryologist 45 (4): 111, 1942 (Pagán 1942a).

*** Nothoceros endiviifolius (Mont.) J.Haseg. ex J.C.Villarreal, Hässel et N.Salazar, Bryologist 110 (2): 283, 2007 (Villarreal et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros endiviifolius Mont., Voy. Pole Sud, Bot. 1: 211, 1845 (Montagne 1845c).

** Nothoceros fuegiensis (Steph.) J.C.Villarreal, Bryologist 113 (1): 109, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010b). Bas.: Megaceros fuegiensis Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 91, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

*** Nothoceros giganteus (Lehm. et Lindenb.) J.Haseg. ex J.C.Villarreal, Hässel et N.Salazar, Bryologist 110 (2): 283, 2007 (Villarreal et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros giganteus Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 25, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Nothoceros minarum (Nees) J.C.Villarreal, Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 78: 34, 2014 (Villarreal and Renner 2014). Bas.: Anthoceros minarum Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 4: 340, 1838 (Nees 1838a).

** Nothoceros renzagliensis J.C.Villarreal, L.V.Campos et Uribe, Syst. Bot. 37 (1): 32, 2012 (Villarreal et al. 2012).

*** Nothoceros schizophyllus (Steph.) J.C.Villarreal, Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 78: 34, 2014 (Villarreal and Renner 2014). Bas.: Megaceros schizophyllus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 949, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Nothoceros superbus J.C.Villarreal, Hässel et N.Salazar, Bryologist 110 (2): 280, 2007 (Villarreal et al. 2007).

*** Nothoceros vincentianus (Lehm. et Lindenb.) J.C.Villarreal, Bryologist 113 (1): 111, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010b). Bas.: Anthoceros vincentianus Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 16, 1834 (Lehmann 1834).

** Phaeomegaceros R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 241, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007).

*** Phaeomegaceros coriaceus (Steph.) R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 241, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros coriaceus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 991, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeomegaceros fimbriatus (Gottsche) R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 241, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros fimbriatus Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 187, 1864 (Gottsche 1864).

*** Phaeomegaceros foveatus (J.Haseg.) J.C.Villarreal, Nova Hedwigia 91 (3/4): 352, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010a). Bas.: Phaeoceros foveatus J.Haseg., Bryol. Res. 7 (12): 374, 2001 (Hasegawa 2001).

*** Phaeomegaceros hirticalyx (Steph.) R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 241, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007). Bas.: Aspiromitus hirticalyx Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 966, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeomegaceros plicatus (Mitt.) J.C.Villarreal, J.J.Engel et Váňa, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 85, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anthoceros plicatus Mitt., Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1 (2): 178, 1884 (Mitten 1884a).

*** Phaeomegaceros skottsbergii (Steph.) R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 241, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros skottsbergii Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 90, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

*** Phaeomegaceros squamuliger (Spruce) J.C.Villarreal, Nova Hedwigia 91 (3/4): 351, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010a). Bas.: Anthoceros squamuliger Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 576, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Phaeomegaceros squamuliger subsp. hasselii J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Goffinet, Nova Hedwigia 91 (3/4): 352, 2010 (Villarreal et al. 2010a).

Phymatocerotales R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia
*** Phymatocerotaceae R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia

by J.C. Villarreal and D.C. Cargill

*** Phymatoceros Stotler, W.T.Doyle et Crand.-Stotl., Phytologia 87 (2): 113, 2005 (Stotler et al. 2005).

*** Phymatoceros bulbiculosus (Brot.) Stotler, W.T.Doyle et Crand.-Stotl., Phytologia 87 (2): 114, 2005 (Stotler et al. 2005). Bas.: Anthoceros bulbiculosus Brot., Fl. lusit. 2: 430, 1804 [1805] (Brotero 1804).

*** Phymatoceros phymatodes (M.Howe) R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia, Bryologist 110 (2): 240, 2007 (Duff et al. 2007). Bas.: Anthoceros phymatodes M.Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25 (1): 12, 1898 (Howe 1898a).

Notothylatidae R.J.Duff, J.C.Villarreal, Cargill et Renzaglia

Notothyladales Hyvönen et Piippo
*** Notothyladaceae Müll.Frib. ex Prosk

by J.C. Villarreal and D.C. Cargill

** Notothyladoideae Grolle

*** Notothylas Sull. ex A.Gray, Amer. J. Sci. Arts (ser. 2) 1 (1): 74, 1846 (Gray 1846).

** subg. Notothylas

*** Notothylas anaporata Udar et D.K.Singh, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 45 (2): 202, 1979 (Udar and Singh 1979b).

*** Notothylas breutelii (Gottsche) Gottsche, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) Beil. 16: 21, 1858 (Gottsche 1858). Bas.: Anthoceros breutelii Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 4: 583, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

*** Notothylas depressispora J.Haseg., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 30 (1/3): 26, 1979 (Hasegawa 1979).

*** Notothylas dissecta Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1020, 1917 (Stephani 1917b).

*** Notothylas himalayensis Udar et D.K.Singh, J. Bryol. 11 (3): 451, 1981 (Udar and Singh 1981a).

*** Notothylas indica Kashyap, Proc. Lahore Philos. Soc. 4: 54, 1925 (Kashyap and Dutt 1925).

*** Notothylas javanica (Sande Lac.) Gottsche, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) Beil. 16: 20, 1858 (Gottsche 1858). Bas.: Blasia javanica Sande Lac., Syn. hepat. jav.: 94, 1856 [1857] (Sande Lacoste 1856b).

*** Notothylas orbicularis (Schwein.) Sull., Amer. J. Sci. Arts (ser. 2) 1 (1): 75, 1846 (Gray 1846). Bas.: Targionia orbicularis Schwein., Spec. Fl. Amer. Crypt.: 23, 1821 (Schweinitz 1821).

*** Notothylas pandei Udar et V.Chandra, Geophytology 7 (2): 142, 1977 (Udar and Chandra 1977).

** subg. Notothyloides A.K.Asthana et S.C.Srivast., Bryophyt. Biblioth. 42: 106, 1991 (Asthana and Srivastava 1991).

*** Notothylas khasiana Udar et D.K.Singh, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 60: 112, 1981 (Udar and Singh 1981b).

*** Notothylas pfleidereri Udar et D.K.Singh, Lindbergia 5 (1): 28, 1979 (Udar and Singh 1979a).

Incertae sedis

*** Notothylas decurva (Mitt.) Steph., Cat. Afr. Pl. (Hiern) 2 (2): 320, 1901 (Stephani 1901d). Bas.: Anthoceros decurvus Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 23 (1): 58, 1860 (Mitten 1860a).

*** Notothylas flabellata Steph., Cat. Afr. Pl. (Hiern) 2 (2): 320, 1901 (Stephani 1901d).

*** Notothylas galapagensis M.Howe, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 21 (17): 203, 1934 (Howe 1934).

** Notothylas irregularis Chantanaorr., Acta Bot. Hung. 56 (3/4): 270, 2014 (Chantanaorrapint 2014).

*** Notothylas kashyapii D.K.Singh, Indian J. Forest. 23 (4): 386, 2000 (Singh and Semwal 2000).

*** Notothylas nepalensis D.K.Singh, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 84 (3): 650, 1987 [1988] (Singh 1987a).

*** Notothylas temperata J.Haseg., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 30 (1/3): 20, 1979 (Hasegawa 1979).

*** Notothylas udarii D.K.Singh et Semwal, Phytotaxonomy 1: 35, 2001 (Singh and Semwal 2001).

* Notothylas verdoornii Khanna, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 6: 118, 1933 (Khanna 1933).

*** Notothylas vitalii Udar et D.K.Singh, Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 8 (9): 173, 1980 (Udar and Singh 1980).

** Notothylas yunnanensis T.Peng et R.L.Zhu, Phytotaxa 156 (3): 157, 2014 (Peng and Zhu 2014).

** Phaeocerotoideae Hässel

* Mesoceros Piippo, Acta Bot. Fenn. 148: 30, 1993 (Piippo 1993b). 20

* Mesoceros mesophoros Piippo, Acta Bot. Fenn. 148: 30, 1993 (Piippo 1993b).

* Mesoceros porcatus Piippo, Haussknechtia, Beih. 9: 279, 1999 (Piippo 1999).

** Paraphymatoceros Hässel, Phytologia 88 (2): 208, 2006 (Hässel 2006a).

*** Paraphymatoceros diadematus Hässel, Phytologia 88 (2): 209, 2006 (Hässel 2006a).

*** Paraphymatoceros hallii (Austin) Hässel, Phytologia 88 (2): 209, 2006 (Hässel 2006a). Bas.: Anthoceros hallii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (4): 26, 1875 [1876] (Austin 1875a).

*** Paraphymatoceros pearsonii (M.Howe) J.C.Villarreal et Cargill, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 94, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Anthoceros pearsonii M.Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25 (1): 8, 1898 (Howe 1898a).

*** Paraphymatoceros proskaueri (Stotler, Crand.-Stotl. et W.T.Doyle) J.C.Villarreal et Cargill, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 94, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Phaeoceros proskaueri Stotler, Crand.-Stotl. et W.T.Doyle, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 232, 2008 (Crandall-Stotler et al. 2008a).

*** Phaeoceros Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78 (4): 346, 1951 (Proskauer 1951a).

** Phaeoceros austroandinus Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 721, 1989 (Hässel 1989a).

** Phaeoceros bolusii (Sim) S.W.Arnell, Hepat. South Africa: 401, 1963 (Arnell 1963b). Bas.: Anthoceros bolusii Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 114, 1926 (Sim 1926).

** Phaeoceros brevicapsulus (Steph.) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 725, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros brevicapsulus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 981, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeoceros carolinianus (Michx.) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78 (4): 347, 1951 (Proskauer 1951a). Bas.: Anthoceros carolinianus Michx., Fl. bor.-amer. (Michaux) 2: 280, 1803 (Michaux 1803).

*** Phaeoceros delicatus E.O.Campb. et Outred, New Zealand J. Bot. 33 (3): 285, 1995 (Campbell and Outred 1995).

*** Phaeoceros dendroceroides (Steph.) Hässel, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 134: 487, 2009 (Hässel and Rubies 2009). Bas.: Anthoceros dendroceroides Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 984, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). 21

*** Phaeoceros engelii Cargill et Fuhrer, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 248, 2008 (Cargill and Fuhrer 2008).

** Phaeoceros erectus Udar et D.K.Singh, Geophytology 11 (2): 257, 1981 (Udar and Singh 1981c). Nom. nov. pro Anthoceros erectus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 984, 1916 (Stephani 1916b), nom. illeg.

*** Phaeoceros evanidus (Steph.) Cargill et Fuhrer, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 245, 2008 (Cargill and Fuhrer 2008). Bas.: Anthoceros evanidus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 990, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeoceros exiguus (Steph.) J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 60: 387, 1986 (Hasegawa 1986b). Bas.: Anthoceros exiguus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 988, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeoceros flexivalvis (Gottsche et Nees) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 728, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros flexivalvis Gottsche et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 586, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

*** Phaeoceros fulvisporus (Steph.) J.Haseg., Trop. Bryol. 8: 52, 1993 (Hasegawa 1993a). Bas.: Anthoceros fulvisporus Steph., 52 (5): 306, 1912 (Stephani 1912a).

*** Phaeoceros gemmifer (Horik.) J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 57: 252, 1984 (Hasegawa 1984). Bas.: Anthoceros gemmifer Horik., Sci. Rep. Tôhoku Imp. Univ., Ser. 4, Biol. 4 (2): 426, 1929 (Horikawa 1929a).

** Phaeoceros gualaquizanus (Steph.) Gradst., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 45: 123, 1979 (Gradstein and Hekking 1979). Bas.: Anthoceros gualaquizanus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 979, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeoceros himalayensis (Kashyap) Prosk. ex Bapna et G.G.Vyas, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 25: 88, 1962 (Bapna and Vyas 1962). Bas.: Anthoceros himalayensis Kashyap, New Phytol. 14 (1): 8, 1915 (Kashyap 1915).

*** Phaeoceros huebschmannii Hässel, Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 91: 301, 1986 (Hässel 1986b).

*** Phaeoceros inflatus (Steph.) Cargill et Fuhrer, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 246, 2008 (Cargill and Fuhrer 2008). Bas.: Anthoceros inflatus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 990, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

*** Phaeoceros kashyapii A.K.Asthana et S.C.Srivast., Bryophyt. Biblioth. 42: 129, 1991 (Asthana and Srivastava 1991).

*** Phaeoceros laevis (L.) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78 (4): 347, 1951 (Proskauer 1951a). Bas.: Anthoceros laevis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1139, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

** Phaeoceros maranguensis (Steph.) Bapna, Univ. Udaipur Res. Stud. 3: 138, 1966 (Bapna 1966). Bas.: Aspiromitus maranguensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 960, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Phaeoceros microsporus (Steph.) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 721, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Aspiromitus microsporus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 963, 1916 (Stephani 1916b). 22

*** Phaeoceros minutus (Mitt.) S.W.Arnell, Hepat. South Africa: 403, 1963 (Arnell 1963b). Bas.: Anthoceros minutus Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (91): 195, 1877 (Mitten 1877).

*** Phaeoceros mohrii (Austin) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 721, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros mohrii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (52): 304, 1879 (Austin 1879).

*** Phaeoceros oreganus (Austin) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 718, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros oreganus Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (4): 26, 1875 [1876] (Austin 1875a).

*** Phaeoceros parvulus (Schiffn.) J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 57: 248, 1984 (Hasegawa 1984). Bas.: Anthoceros parvulus Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 49 (11): 391, 1899 (Schiffner 1899c).

*** Phaeoceros perpusillus Chantanaorr., Acta Bot. Hung. 51 (1/2): 30, 2009 (Chantanaorrapint 2009).

** Phaeoceros pichinchensis (Spruce) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 725, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros pichinchensis Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 577, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Phaeoceros propagulifer (Steph.) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78 (4): 347, 1951 (Proskauer 1951a). Bas.: Anthoceros propagulifer Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 1001, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

* Phaeoceros striatisporus J.Haseg., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 75, 268 (Hasegawa 1994a).23

*** Phaeoceros tenuis (Spruce) Hässel, Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 91: 303, 1986 (Hässel 1986b). Bas.: Anthoceros tenuis Spruce, Bull. Soc. Bot. France (Congr. Bot.) 36: cxcvi, 1889 [1890] (Spruce 1889).

** Phaeoceros tigrinus (Gola) J.C.Villarreal, Phytotaxa 208 (1): 95, 2015 (Villarreal et al. 2015). Bas.: Anthoceros tigrinus Gola, Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13 (1): 72, 1914 (Gola 1914a).

*** Phaeoceros tuberosus (Taylor) Prosk., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42A: 185, 1964 (Proskauer 1964). Bas.: Anthoceros tuberosus Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 412, 1846 (Taylor 1846b).

*** Phaeoceros udarii A.K.Asthana et V.Nath, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India, B 63 (4): 461, 1993 (Asthana and Nath 1993).

** Phaeoceros wrightii (Steph.) Hässel, Candollea 44 (2): 722, 1989 (Hässel 1989a). Bas.: Anthoceros wrightii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 5: 999, 1916 (Stephani 1916b).

Leiosporocerotopsida Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

Leiosporocerotales Hässel

*** Leiosporocerotaceae Hässel ex Ochyra

by J.C. Villarreal and D.C. Cargill

*** Leiosporoceros Hässel, J. Bryol. 14 (2): 255, 1986 (Hässel 1986a).

*** Leiosporoceros dussii (Steph.) Hässel, J. Bryol. 14 (2): 255, 1986 (Hässel 1986a). Bas.: Anthoceros dussii Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 142, 1893 (Stephani 1893b).

Marchantiophyta

Haplomitriopsida Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

Haplomitriidae Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

Calobryales Hamlin
*** Haplomitriaceae Dědeček

by S. Bartholomew-Began

The treatment of Haplomitriaceae follows Bartholomew-Began (1991). Morphogenetic and molecular studies support the infrageneric ranks of Haplomitrium (Crandall-Stotler et al. 2009, Forrest et al. 2006).

*** Haplomitrium Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 109, 1833 (Nees 1833c) nom. conserv.

*** subg. Calobryum (Nees) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 13 (1/2): 40, 1967 (Schuster 1967c). Bas.: Calobryum Nees, Syn. Hepat. 4: 507, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

*** Haplomitrium blumei (Nees) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 225, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Monoclea blumei Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 2, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Haplomitrium mnioides (Lindb.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 225, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Rhopalanthus mnioides Lindb., Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 13: 391, 1874 (Lindberg 1874a).

*** subg. Haplomitrium

** sect. Archibryum (R.M.Schust.) J.J.Engel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 68 (4): 675, 1981 (Engel 1981). Bas.: Haplomitrium subg. Archibryum R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 13 (1/2): 28, 1967 (Schuster 1967c).

*** Haplomitrium gibbsiae (Steph.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 225, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Calobryum gibbsiae Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 76, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Haplomitrium intermedium Berrie, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (ser. 2) 87 (399): 191, 1963 (Berrie 1963).

** sect. Haplomitrium

*** Haplomitrium hookeri (Lyell ex Sm.) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 111, 1833 (Nees 1833c). Bas.: Jungermannia hookeri Lyell ex Sm., Engl. Bot. 35: tab. 2555, 1814 (Smith and Sowerby 1814).

*** Haplomitrium hookeri var. minutum (E.O.Campb.) Barthol.-Began, Bryophyt. Biblioth. 41: 230, 1991 (Bartholomew-Began 1991). Bas.: Steereomitrium minutum E.O.Campb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 45: 569, 1987 (Campbell 1987).

*** Haplomitrium monoicum J.J.Engel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 68 (4): 668, 1981 [1982] (Engel 1981).

*** Haplomitrium ovalifolium R.M.Schust., Bryologist 74 (2): 136, 1971 (Schuster 1971d).

Treubiidae Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

Treubiales Schljakov
*** Treubiaceae Verd

by R. Stotler and B.J. Crandall-Stotler

Stech et al. (2002) showed a clear molecular distinction between Treubia and Apotreubia, which is in accordance with their morphological differences and supports their recognition as separate genera.

*** Apotreubia S.Hatt. et Mizut., Bryologist 69 (4): 491, 1966 [1967] (Hattori et al. 1966).

*** Apotreubia hortoniae Konstant., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 33, 2013 (Konstantinova et al. 2013b). Based on: Apotreubia hortoniae R.M.Schust. et Konstant., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 78: 55, 1995 (Schuster and Konstantinova 1995), nom. inval.

*** Apotreubia nana (S.Hatt. et Inoue) S.Hatt. et Mizut., Bryologist 69 (4): 492, 1966 [1967] (Hattori et al. 1966). Bas.: Treubia nana S.Hatt. et Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 11: 99, 1954 (Hattori and Inoue 1954).

** Apotreubia pusilla (R.M.Schust.) Grolle, Acta Bot. Fenn. 125: 63, 1984 (Grolle and Piippo 1984). Bas.: Treubia pusilla R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 515, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Apotreubia yunnanensis Higuchi, Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 19 (4): 321, 1998 (Higuchi 1998).

*** Treubia K.I.Goebel, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 9 (1): 1, 1890 [1891] (Goebel 1890) nom. conserv.

*** Treubia insignis K.I.Goebel, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 9 (1): 1, 1890 [1891] (Goebel 1890).

** Treubia insignis subsp. bracteata (Steph.) R.M.Schust. et G.A.M.Scott, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 241, 1969 (Schuster and Scott 1969). Bas.: Treubia bracteata Steph., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23 (1/2, 3): 302, 1896 (Stephani 1896a).

** Treubia insignis subsp. caledonica R.M.Schust. et G.A.M.Scott, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 243, 1969 (Schuster and Scott 1969).

** Treubia insignis subsp. vitiensis R.M.Schust. et G.A.M.Scott, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 242, 1969 (Schuster and Scott 1969).

*** Treubia lacunosa (Colenso) Prosk., Bryologist 58 (3): 199, 1955 (Proskauer 1955). Bas.: Noteroclada lacunosa Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 248, 1886 (Colenso 1886b).

** Treubia lacunosoides T.Pfeiff., W.Frey et M.Stech, Nova Hedwigia 75 (1/2): 249, 2002 (Pfeiffer et al. 2002).

*** Treubia pygmaea R.M.Schust., Phytologia 56 (7): 460, 1985 (Schuster 1985c).

*** Treubia scapanioides R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 246, 1969 (Schuster and Scott 1969).

*** Treubia tahitensis (Nadeaud) Besch., J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 147, 1898 (Bescherelle 1898). Bas.: Gottschea tahitensis Nadeaud, Énum. Pl. Tahiti: 7, 1873 (Nadeaud 1873).

*** Treubia tasmanica R.M.Schust. et G.A.M.Scott, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 248, 1969 (Schuster and Scott 1969).

Jungermanniopsida Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

Jungermanniidae Engl

Jungermanniales H.Klinggr
Cephaloziineae Schljakov
*** Adelanthaceae Grolle

by K. Feldberg, J. Váňa and J. Heinrichs

The subfamily Jamesonielloideae was excluded from Lophoziaceae/Scapaniaceae by De Roo et al. (2007) and this status was confirmed by e.g. Vilnet et al. (2010). The family was described and defined by Feldberg et al. (2010a). Some taxonomic and nomenclatural notes can also be found in Feldberg et al. (2010b, 2011), Váňa et al. (2014d).

*** Adelanthoideae K.Feldberg, Heinrichs et Váňa

*** Adelanthus Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7 (28): 243, 1864 (Mitten 1864b) nom. conserv.

** sect. Adelanthus

*** Adelanthus falcatus (Hook.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7 (28): 243, 1864 (Mitten 1864b). Bas.: Jungermannia falcata Hook., Musci Exot. 1: tab. 89, 1818 (Hooker 1818).

*** Adelanthus occlusus (Hook.f. et Taylor) Carrington, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 10: 381, 1870 (Carrington 1870). Bas.: Jungermannia occlusa Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 369, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

** sect. Calyptrocolea (R.M.Schust.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 331, 1972 (Grolle 1972c). Bas.: Calyptrocolea R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (3/4): 685, 1966 (Schuster 1966a).

*** Adelanthus aureomarginatus R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 250, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Adelanthus gemmiparus (R.M.Schust.) E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Biol. Sci. 11 (18): 241, 1970 (Hodgson 1970). Bas.: Calyptrocolea gemmipara R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (3/4): 695, 1966 [1967] (Schuster 1966a).

** Adelanthus lingulatus J.J.Engel et Váňa, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 26, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013).

*** Adelanthus tenuis J.J.Engel et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 333, 1972 (Grolle 1972c).

** sect. Lindenbergiani Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 331, 1972 (Grolle 1972c).

*** Adelanthus carabayensis (Mont.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 348, 1972 (Grolle 1972c). Bas.: Plagiochila carabayensis Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 4) 5: 348, 1856 (Montagne 1856c).

*** Adelanthus integerrimus Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 340, 1972 (Grolle 1972c).

*** Adelanthus lindenbergianus (Lehm.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7 (28): 244, 1864 (Mitten 1864b). Bas.: Jungermannia lindenbergiana Lehm., Linnaea 4: 367, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

** sect. Pittieri Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 331, 1972 (Grolle 1972c).

*** Adelanthus pittieri (Steph.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 337, 1972 (Grolle 1972c). Bas.: Tylimanthus pittieri Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 250, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

*** Adelanthus squarrosus Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 67: 243, 1989 (Grolle 1989d).

*** Pseudomarsupidium Herzog, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 47 (1): 42, 1953 (Herzog 1953b).

*** Pseudomarsupidium aureocinctum (R.M.Schust.) J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 312, 2007 (Engel 2007). Bas.: Adelanthus decipiens subsp. aureocinctus R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 250, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Pseudomarsupidium borneensis (Grolle) Váňa, L.Söderstr., A.Hagborg et von Konrat, Phytotaxa 65: 60, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012f). Bas.: Adelanthus borneensis Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 362, 1972 (Grolle 1972c).

*** Pseudomarsupidium decipiens (Hook.) Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (3): 443, 1963 (Grolle 1963a). Bas.: Jungermannia decipiens Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 50, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

*** Pseudomarsupidium piliferum (Steph.) Herzog ex Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (3): 443, 1963 (Grolle 1963a). Bas.: Marsupidium piliferum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 602 (386), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

*** Wettsteinia Schiffn., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, suppl. 2: 44, 1898 (Schiffner 1898c).

*** Wettsteinia densiretis (Herzog) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 99, 1965 (Grolle 1965f). Bas.: Tylimanthus densiretis Herzog, Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez (Botany) 2 (5): 712, 1942 (Herzog 1942a).

*** Wettsteinia inversa (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, suppl. 2: 45, 1898 (Schiffner 1898c). Bas.: Plagiochila inversa Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 289, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

*** Wettsteinia rotundifolia (Horik.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 100, 1965 (Grolle 1965f). Bas.: Adelanthus rotundifolius Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 181, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Wettsteinia schusteriana Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 99, 1965 (Grolle 1965f).

** Jamesonielloideae Inoue

*** Cuspidatula Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (10): 1141 (124), 1901 (Stephani 1901c).

*** Cuspidatula contracta (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (11): 1141 (124), 1901 (Stephani 1901c). Bas.: Jungermannia contracta Reinw., Blume et Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 233, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824a).

*** Cuspidatula flaccida (Steph.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 142, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Anastrophyllum flaccidum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 105, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Cuspidatula flexicaulis (Nees) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 35, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013h). Bas.: Jungermannia flexicaulis Nees, Linnaea 6 (4): 604, 1831 (Nees 1831).

*** Cuspidatula kirkii (Steph.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 142, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella kirkii Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 47, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Cuspidatula monodon (Taylor) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (11): 1143 (126), 1901 (Stephani 1901c). Bas.: Jungermannia monodon Taylor, Nov. Stirp. Pug. 8: 7, 1844 (Lehmann 1844).

*** Cuspidatula orbicularis (Grolle) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 36, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013h). Bas.: Jamesoniella orbicularis Grolle, Feddes Repert. 82 (1): 42, 1971 (Grolle 1971b).

*** Cuspidatula robusta (Austin) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 36, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013h). Bas.: Jungermannia robusta Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 219, 1869 (Austin 1869).

** Denotarisia Grolle, Feddes Repert. 82 (1): 6, 1971 (Grolle 1971b).

*** Denotarisia linguifolia (De Not.) Grolle, Feddes Repert. 82 (1): 6, 1971 (Grolle 1971b). Bas.: Plagiochila linguifolia De Not., Epat. Borneo: 13, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

** Nothostrepta R.M.Schust., Phytologia 45 (5): 420, 1980 (Schuster 1980b).

*** Nothostrepta bifida (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Phytologia 45 (5): 420, 1980 (Schuster 1980b). Bas.: Plagiochila bifida Steph., Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 2: 86, 1885 [1886] (Stephani 1885d).

*** Nothostrepta longissima (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Phytologia 45 (5): 420, 1980 (Schuster 1980b). Bas.: Anastrophyllum longissimum Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 17): 13, 1901 (Stephani 1901b).

** Pisanoa Hässel, Lindbergia 14 (3): 179, 1988 [1989] (Hässel 1988).

*** Pisanoa chilensis Hässel, Lindbergia 14 (3): 179, 1988 [1989] (Hässel 1988).

** Protosyzygiella (Inoue) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 334, 1980 (Schuster 1980c). Bas.: Syzygiella subg. Protosyzygiella Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 180, 1966 (Inoue 1966c).

*** Protosyzygiella pseudoconnexa (Herzog) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 334, 1980 (Schuster 1980c). Bas.: Plagiochila pseudoconnexa Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 21 (3/4): 259, 1952 [1953] (Herzog 1952d).

*** Syzygiella Spruce, J. Bot. 14: 234, 1876 (Spruce 1876a). 24

*** subg. Anomalae (Inoue) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Syzygiella sect. Anomalae Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 183, 1966 (Inoue 1966c).

*** Syzygiella anomala (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 471 (190), 1902 (Stephani 1902f). Bas.: Plagiochila anomala Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 646, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Syzygiella bilobata Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 186, 1966 (Inoue 1966c).

** Syzygiella ciliata Gradst. et A.R.Benitez, Nova Hedwigia 99 (1/2): 115, 2014 (Gradstein and Benitez 2014).

*** Syzygiella concreta (Gottsche) Spruce, J. Bot. 14: 234, 1876 (Spruce 1876a). Bas.: Jungermannia concreta Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 82, 1863 (Gottsche 1863).

*** Syzygiella manca (Mont.) Steph., Hedwigia 31 (1): 14, 1892 (Jack and Stephani 1892). Bas.: Chiloscyphus mancus Mont., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 63, 1856 (Montagne 1856b).

*** Syzygiella pectiniformis Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 501, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Syzygiella tonduzana Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 118, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Syzygiella trigonifolia (Steph.) Herzog, Hedwigia 74 (2): 87, 1934 (Herzog 1934a). Bas.: Jamesoniella trigonifolia Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 185, 1916 (Stephani 1916a).

*** subg. Cryptochila (R.M.Schust.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Cryptochila R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 284, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

*** Syzygiella acinacifolia (Hook.f. et Taylor) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia acinacifolia Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 367, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

*** Syzygiella nigrescens (Steph.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella nigrescens Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 48, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Syzygiella paludosa (Steph.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella paludosa Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 17): 11, 1901 (Stephani 1901b).

*** Syzygiella pseudocclusa (E.A.Hodgs.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella pseudocclusa E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 85 (4): 583, 1958 (Hodgson 1958).

*** Syzygiella sonderi (Gottsche) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 143, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia sonderi Gottsche, Linnaea 28 (5): 550, 1856 [1857] (Gottsche 1856).

*** Syzygiella spegazziniana (Spruce ex C.Massal.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia spegazziniana Spruce ex C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 216, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

*** subg. Pseudoplagiochila Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 182, 1966 (Inoue 1966c).

*** Syzygiella ovalifolia Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 191, 1966 (Inoue 1966c).

* Syzygiella securifolia (Nees) Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 46: 232, 1979 (Inoue 1979a). Bas.: Plagiochila securifolia Nees, Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 2-4: 58, 1840 (Lindenberg 1840). 25

*** Syzygiella subintegerrima (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30 (210): 362, 1895 (Gepp 1895b). Bas.: Jungermannia subintegerrima Reinw., Blume et Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 238, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824a).

*** Syzygiella tasmanica (Hook.f. et Taylor) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia tasmanica Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 274, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** subg. Roivainenia (Perss.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Roivainenia Perss., Nova Hedwigia 3 (1): 43, 1961 (Persson and Grolle 1961).

*** Syzygiella jacquinotii (Mont.) Hentschel, K.Feldberg, Váňa et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia jacquinotii Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 250, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** subg. Syzygiella

*** Syzygiella autumnalis (DC.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia autumnalis DC., Fl. Franç. (DC. & Lamarck), 5 (6): 202, 1815 (De Candolle and Lamarck 1815).

*** Syzygiella campanulata Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 11 (1): 9, 1938 [1939] (Herzog 1938a).

*** Syzygiella colorata (Lehm.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia colorata Lehm., Linnaea 4: 366, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

** Syzygiella colorata var. collenchymata J.J.Engel et Váňa, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 102, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013).

*** Syzygiella contigua Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 470 (189), 1902 (Stephani 1902f). Nom. nov. pro Jungermannia contigua Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 118, 1864 (Gottsche 1864), nom. illeg.

*** Syzygiella elongella (Taylor) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 144, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia elongella Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 274, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Syzygiella macrocalyx (Mont.) Spruce, J. Bot. 14: 234, 1876 (Spruce 1876a). Bas.: Jungermannia macrocalyx Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 248, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Syzygiella nipponica (S.Hatt.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 145, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella nipponica S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 19 (11): 350, 1943 (Hattori 1943b).

** Syzygiella oenops (Lindenb. et Gottsche) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 145, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia oenops Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 673, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Syzygiella perfoliata (Sw.) Spruce, J. Bot. 14: 234, 1876 (Spruce 1876a). Bas.: Jungermannia perfoliata Sw., Prodr. (Swartz): 143, 1788 (Swartz 1788).

*** Syzygiella purpurascens (Steph.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 145, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jamesoniella purpurascens Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 30 (2): 200, 1891 [1892] (Stephani 1891b).

*** Syzygiella rubricaulis (Nees) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 468 (187), 1902 (Stephani 1902f). Bas.: Jungermannia rubricaulis Nees, Fl. Bras. (Martius) 1 (1): 344, 1833 (Nees 1833a).

*** Syzygiella setulosa Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 469 (188), 1902 (Stephani 1902f).

*** Syzygiella teres (Carrington et Pearson) Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 35, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013h). Bas.: Jungermannia teres Carrington et Pearson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1887: 9, 1888 (Carrington and Pearson 1888b).

*** Syzygiella undata (Mont.) K.Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 145, 2010 (Feldberg et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia undata Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 4) 14: 183, 1860 (Montagne 1860).

Incertae sedis

*** Syzygiella eatonii (Austin) Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (12): 359, 1962 (Inoue 1962a). Bas.: Plagiochila eatonii Austin, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 257, 1891 (Evans 1891).

*** Syzygiella uleana Steph., Hedwigia 44 (4): 224, 1905 (Stephani 1905a).

** Vanaea (Inoue et Gradst.) Inoue et Gradst., Trop. Bryol. 1: 33, 1989 (Gradstein and Florschütz-de Waard 1989). Bas.: Anastrophyllum subg. Vanaea Inoue et Gradst., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 14 (3): 88, 1988 (Inoue and Gradstein 1988).

*** Vanaea plagiochiloides (Inoue et Gradst.) Inoue et Gradst., Trop. Bryol. 1: 33, 1989 (Gradstein and Florschütz-de Waard 1989). Bas.: Anastrophyllum plagiochiloides Inoue et Gradst., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 14 (3): 88, 1988 (Inoue and Gradstein 1988).

*** Anastrophyllaceae L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd

by J. Váňa and L. Söderström

Anastrophyllaceae was described by Söderström et. al (2010b) from elements usually included in Lophoziaceae. Further taxonomic and nomenclatural notes can be found in Váňa et al. (2013k, 2013a). The complex of Chandonanthus/Plicanthus/Tetralophozia should be checked using molecular methods before generic and specific status of most of the species can be confirmed. The placement of Hattoria and Zantenia in the family is still provisional. The placement of Isopaches is also unclear, de Roo et al. (2007) placed it in the family, but the study of Vilnet et al. (2010) showed that it can not be placed there.

*** Anastrepta (Lindb.) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 85, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Anastrepta Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 40, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

*** Anastrepta orcadensis (Hook.) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 85, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia orcadensis Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 71, 1815 (Hooker 1815).

*** Anastrophyllum (Spruce) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 139, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia subg. Anastrophyllum Spruce, J. Bot. 14: 235, 1876 (Spruce 1876a).

*** Anastrophyllum alpinum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 103, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Anastrophyllum assimile (Mitt.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 140, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia assimilis Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 93, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Anastrophyllum auritum (Lehm.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (11): 1137 (120), 1901 (Stephani 1901c). Bas.: Jungermannia aurita Lehm., Linnaea 4: 368, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

*** Anastrophyllum ciliatum Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 139, 1893 (Stephani 1893b).

*** Anastrophyllum donnianum (Hook.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 140, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia donniana Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 39, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

*** Anastrophyllum ellipticum Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 4 (1): 13, 1978 (Inoue 1978b). 26

** Anastrophyllum esenbeckii (Mont.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 140, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia esenbeckii Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 247, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Anastrophyllum fissum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (10): 845, 1897 (Stephani 1897c).

*** Anastrophyllum joergensenii Schiffn., Hedwigia 49 (4): 396, 1910 (Schiffner 1910b).

* Anastrophyllum lignicola D.B.Schill et D.G.Long, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (2): 130, 2002 (Schill and Long 2002). 27

*** Anastrophyllum michauxii (F.Weber) H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 289, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932). Bas.: Jungermannia michauxii F.Weber, Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 76, 1815 (Weber 1815).

*** Anastrophyllum nigrescens (Mitt.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 140, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia nigrescens Mitt., Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 358, 1851 (Mitten 1851).

*** Anastrophyllum obtusum Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 285, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Anastrophyllum piligerum (Nees) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 140, 1893 (Stephani 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia piligera Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 414, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824b).

*** Anastrophyllum squarrosum Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 72, 1932 (Herzog 1932b).

*** Anastrophyllum stellatum R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 243, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Anastrophyllum tubulosum (Nees) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 101, 1965 (Grolle 1965e). Bas.: Jungermannia tubulosa Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 32, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Barbilophozia Loeske, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 49 (1): 37, 1908 (Loeske 1908).

** subg. Barbilophozia

*** Barbilophozia barbata (Schmidel ex Schreb.) Loeske, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 49 (1): 37, 1908 (Loeske 1908). Bas.: Jungermannia barbata Schmidel ex Schreb., Spic. Fl. Lips.: 107, 1771 (Schreber 1771).

*** Barbilophozia hatcheri (A.Evans) Loeske, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 49 (1): 37, 1908 (Loeske 1908). Bas.: Jungermannia hatcheri A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25 (8): 417, 1898 (Evans 1898).

*** Barbilophozia lycopodioides (Wallr.) Loeske, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 49 (1): 37, 1908 (Loeske 1908). Bas.: Jungermannia lycopodioides Wallr., Comp. fl. Germ. 2 (III): 76, 1831 (Bluff and Fingerhuth 1831).

*** Barbilophozia rubescens (R.M.Schust. et Damsh.) Kartt. et L.Söderstr., Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29 (2): 120, 1992 (Söderström et al. 1992). Bas.: Lophozia rubescens R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Phytologia 63 (5): 325, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

** subg. Sudeticae (Schljakov) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Lophozia sect. Sudeticae Schljakov, Pečen. Mchi Sev. SSSR 3: 113, 1980 (Shliakov 1980a).

*** Barbilophozia sudetica (Nees ex Huebener) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia sudetica Nees ex Huebener, Hepaticol. germ.: 142, 1834 (Hübener 1834). 28

*** Biantheridion (Grolle) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jamesoniella sect. Biantheridion Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (4): 662, 1964 (Grolle 1964i).

*** Biantheridion undulifolium (Nees) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia schraderi β undulifolia Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 306, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Chandonanthus Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867).

*** Chandonanthus squarrosus (Menzies) Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867). Bas.: Jungermannia squarrosa Menzies, Musci Exot. 1: tab. 78, 1818 (Hooker 1818).

*** Crossocalyx Meyl., Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 60 (249): 266, 1939 (Meylan 1939).

*** Crossocalyx hellerianus (Nees ex Lindenb.) Meyl., Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 60 (249): 266, 1939 (Meylan 1939). Bas.: Jungermannia helleriana Nees ex Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 64, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

*** Crossocalyx tenuis (Harry Williams) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 15: 246, 1978 (Shliakov 1978). Bas.: Anastrophyllum tenue Harry Williams, Bryologist 71 (1): 34, 1968 (Williams 1968).

*** Gymnocolea (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 17, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Gymnocolea Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 52, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** Gymnocolea borealis (Frisvoll et Moen) R.M.Schust., Lindbergia 12 (1): 7, 1986 (Schuster 1986). Bas.: Lophozia borealis Frisvoll et Moen, Lindbergia 6 (2): 138, 1980 [1981] (Frisvoll and Moen 1980).

** Gymnocolea fascinifera Potemkin, Arctoa 2: 76, 1993 (Potemkin 1993).

*** Gymnocolea inflata (Huds.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 17, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia inflata Huds., Fl. Angl. (Hudson), ed. 2: 511, 1778 (Hudson 1778).

* Gymnocolea inflata subsp. acutiloba (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust. et Damsh. ex L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Lindbergia 27 (1): 43, 2002 (Söderström et al. 2002). Bas.: Lophozia acutiloba Schiffn., Hedwigia 48 (3): 187, 1909 (Schiffner 1909a). 29

*** Hamatostrepta Váňa et D.G.Long, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 134, 2008 (Váňa and Long 2008).

*** Hamatostrepta concinna Váňa et D.G.Long, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 134, 2008 (Váňa and Long 2008).

** Hattoria R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 30 (1/2): 69, 1961 (Schuster 1961a).

*** Hattoria yakushimensis (Horik.) R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 30 (1/2): 70, 1961 (Schuster 1961a). Bas.: Anastrophyllum yakushimense Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 149, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Isopaches H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 287, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932).

*** Isopaches alboviridis (R.M.Schust.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 16: 205, 1979 (Shliakov 1979). Bas.: Lophozia alboviridis R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 487, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

*** Isopaches bicrenatus (Schmidel ex Hoffm.) H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 288, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932). Bas.: Jungermannia bicrenata Schmidel ex Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., Theil 2 (Hoffm.): 11 (addenda), 1795 [1796] (Hoffmann 1795).

*** Isopaches decolorans (Limpr.) H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 288, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932). Bas.: Jungermannia decolorans Limpr., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 57: 316, 1879 [1880] (Limpricht 1879).

*** Isopaches pumicicola (Berggr.) Bakalin, Arctoa 17: 162, 2008 [2009] (Bakalin 2008b). Bas.: Lophozia pumicicola Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 21, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

*** Neoorthocaulis L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 49, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b).

*** Neoorthocaulis attenuatus (Mart.) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 49, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia quinquedentata δ attenuata Mart., Fl. crypt. erlang.: 177, 1817 (Martius 1817).

*** Neoorthocaulis binsteadii (Kaal.) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 49, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia binsteadii Kaal., Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana, Math.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 1898 (9): 9, 1898 (Kaalaas 1898).

*** Neoorthocaulis floerkei (F.Weber et D.Mohr) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Jungermannia floerkei F.Weber et D.Mohr, Bot. Taschenb. (Weber): 410, 1807 (Weber and Mohr 1807).

** Neoorthocaulis hyperboreus (R.M.Schust.) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Lophozia floerkei var. hyperborea R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 164: 21, 1959 (Schuster et al. 1959).

*** Orthocaulis H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 293, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932).

*** Orthocaulis atlanticus (Kaal.) H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 294, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932). Bas.: Jungermannia atlantica Kaal., Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana, Math.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 1898 (9): 11, 1898 (Kaalaas 1898).

* Orthocaulis cavifolius H.Buch et S.W.Arnell, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 26: 71, 1951 (Buch 1951).

** Plicanthus R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 74 (3/4): 484, 2002 (Schuster 2002a).

*** Plicanthus birmensis (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 223, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Chandonanthus birmensis Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 38 (1): 43, 1899 (Stephani 1899h). 30

** Plicanthus difficilis (Steph.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 30, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013a). Bas.: Chandonanthus difficilis Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 101, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

** Plicanthus giganteus (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 74 (3/4): 485, 2002 (Schuster 2002a). Bas.: Chandonanthus giganteus Steph., Wiss. Ergebn. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped. (1907-08), Bot. 2: 124, 1911 (Stephani 1911a). 31

*** Plicanthus hirtellus (F.Weber) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 74 (3/4): 492, 2002 (Schuster 2002a). Bas.: Jungermannia hirtella F.Weber, Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 50, 1815 (Weber 1815).

*** Schizophyllopsis Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 48, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Nom. nov. pro Anastrophyllum subg. Schizophyllum R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 739, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). 32

** Schizophyllopsis aristata (Herzog ex N.Kitag.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 48, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Bas.: Anastrophyllum bidens var. aristatum Herzog ex N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 216, 1970 (Kitagawa 1970).

*** Schizophyllopsis bidens (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 48, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Bas.: Jungermannia bidens Reinw., Blume et Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 208, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824a).

** Schizophyllopsis lanciloba (Steph.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 48, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Bas.: Anastrophyllum lancilobum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 107, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Schizophyllopsis papillosa (J.J.Engel et Braggins) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 48, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Bas.: Anastrophyllum papillosum J.J.Engel et Braggins, J. Bryol. 20 (2): 381, 1998 (Engel and Braggins 1998).

*** Schizophyllopsis sphenoloboides (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 152 (1): 49, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013f). Bas.: Anastrophyllum sphenoloboides R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 741, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

*** Schljakovia Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009).

*** Schljakovia kunzeana (Huebener) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia kunzeana Huebener, Hepaticol. germ.: 115, 1834 (Hübener 1834).

*** Schljakovianthus Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009).

*** Schljakovianthus quadrilobus (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia quadriloba Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 55, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

*** Sphenolobopsis R.M.Schust. et N.Kitag., Nova Hedwigia 22: 152, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Sphenolobopsis pearsonii (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 153, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Jungermannia pearsonii Spruce, J. Bot. 19: 33, 1881 (Spruce 1881b).

*** Sphenolobus (Lindb.) Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 22, 1898 (Berggren 1898). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Sphenolobus Lindb., Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 13: 369, 1874 (Lindberg 1874a).

*** Sphenolobus austroamericanus (Váňa) Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 30, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013a). Bas.: Anastrophyllum austroamericanum Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 48: 225, 1980 (Váňa 1980).

*** Sphenolobus minutus (Schreb. ex D.Crantz) Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 22, 1898 (Berggren 1898). Bas.: Jungermannia minuta Schreb. ex D.Crantz, Forts. Hist. Grönland: 285, 1770 (Crantz 1770; non vidi).

*** Sphenolobus saxicola (Schrad.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (2): 168 (160), 1902 (Stephani 1902d). Bas.: Jungermannia saxicola Schrad., Syst. Samml. Crypt. Gew. 2: 4, 1797 (Schrader 1797).

** Tetralophozia (R.M.Schust.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 13: 227, 1976 (Shliakov 1976). Bas.: Chandonanthus subg. Tetralophozia R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 206, 1960 [1961] (Schuster 1960a).

*** Tetralophozia cavallii (Gola) Váňa, Trop. Bryol. 8: 102, 1993 (Váňa 1993). Bas.: Blepharostomum cavallii Gola, Ann. Bot. (Rome) 6 (2): 274, 1907 (Gola 1907).

*** Tetralophozia filiformis (Steph.) Urmi, J. Bryol. 12 (3): 394, 1983 (Urmi 1983). Bas.: Chandonanthus filiformis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 644, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Tetralophozia pilifera (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 74 (3/4): 482, 2002 (Schuster 2002a). Bas.: Chandonanthus pilifer Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 644, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Tetralophozia setiformis (Ehrh.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 13: 228, 1976 (Shliakov 1976). Bas.: Jungermannia setiformis Ehrh., Hannover. Mag. 22 (8): 142, 1784 (Ehrhart 1784).

*** Zantenia (S.Hatt.) Váňa et J.J.Engel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 29, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anastrophyllum subg. Zantenia S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 79 (937): 342, 1966 (Hattori 1966a).

*** Zantenia borneensis (Herzog) Váňa et J.J.Engel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 29, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anastrophyllum borneense Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 282, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Zantenia denticulata (Grolle) Váňa et J.J.Engel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 30, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anastrophyllum denticulatum Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 16: 148, 1968 (Grolle 1968d).

*** Zantenia karstenii (Schiffn.) Váňa et J.J.Engel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 30, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anastrophyllum karstenii Schiffn., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 60 (2): 268, 1893 (Schiffner 1893a).

*** Zantenia prionophylla (S.Hatt.) Váňa et J.J.Engel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 105: 30, 2013 (Váňa and Engel 2013). Bas.: Anastrophyllum prionophyllum S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 79 (937): 342, 1966 (Hattori 1966a).

*** Cephaloziaceae Mig

by J. Váňa with contributions by S.R. Gradstein (Odontoschisma)

Cephaloziaceae was recently studied by Vilnet et al. (2012) and Feldberg et al. (2013). Some taxonomic and nomenclatural notes were published by Váňa et al. (2013g, 2013i) and Gradstein et al. (2014b).

** Alobielloideae R.M.Schust

** Alobiella (Spruce) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 98, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Cephalozia subg. Alobiella Spruce, Cephalozia: 28, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

*** Alobiella husnotii (Spruce) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 98, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Cephalozia husnotii Spruce, Cephalozia: 30, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

** Alobiellopsis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 10 (1/2): 25, 1965 (Schuster 1965b).

*** Alobiellopsis acroscypha (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 10 (1/2): 25, 1965 (Schuster 1965b). Bas.: Cephalozia acroscypha Spruce, Cephalozia: 30, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

*** Alobiellopsis dominicensis (Spruce) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 350, 1968 (Fulford 1968). Bas.: Alobiella dominicensis Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30 (210): 355, 1895 (Gepp 1895b).

*** Alobiellopsis heteromorpha (Lehm.) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 682, 1969 (Schuster 1969a). Bas.: Jungermannia heteromorpha Lehm., Linnaea 4: 362, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

*** Alobiellopsis parvifolia (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 679, 1969 (Schuster 1969a). Bas.: Alobiella parvifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 568 (352), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

*** Alobiellopsis pillansii (Sim) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 683, 1969 (Schuster 1969a). Bas.: Cephalozia pillansii Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 87, 1926 (Sim 1926).

** Cephalozioideae Müll.Frib

*** Cephalozia (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Cephalozia Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 60, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** Cephalozia acuminata (Herzog) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Hygrobiella acuminata Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 292, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Cephalozia acutiloba (Inoue) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Metahygrobiella acutiloba Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 10 (2): 155, 1967 (Inoue 1967c).

*** Cephalozia albula Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d). Nom. nov. pro Jungermannia albula Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 93, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c), nom. illeg.

*** Cephalozia ambigua C.Massal., Malpighia 21 (7/8): 310, 1907 (Massalongo 1907).

*** Cephalozia austrigena R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 312, 2007 (Engel 2007). Based on: Cephalozia bicuspidata subsp. austrigena R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 712, 1974 (Schuster 1974), nom. inval.

*** Cephalozia badia (Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 483 (313), 1908 (Stephani 1908f). Bas.: Jungermannia badia Gottsche, Int. Polarforsch., Deutsch. Exped. 2: 452, 1890 (Gottsche 1890).

*** Cephalozia bicuspidata (L.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia bicuspidata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1132, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

* Cephalozia bicuspidata subsp. lammersiana (Huebener) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 730, 1974 (Schuster 1974). Bas.: Jungermannia lammersiana Huebener, Flora 15 (20): 306, 1832 (Hübener 1832).

*** Cephalozia chilensis (J.J.Engel et R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 29, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Metahygrobiella chilensis J.J.Engel et R.M.Schust., Brittonia 40 (2): 203, 1988 (Engel and Schuster 1988).

*** Cephalozia conchata (Grolle et Váňa) Váňa, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 38, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Jungermannia conchata Grolle et Váňa, Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 37 (1): 3, 1992 (Grolle and Váňa 1992).

*** Cephalozia crossii Spruce, Cephalozia: 46, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

*** Cephalozia darjeelingensis Udar et D.Kumar, Geophytology 6 (1): 36, 1976 (Udar and Kumar 1976).

*** Cephalozia drucei (R.M.Schust.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Metahygrobiella drucei R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 273, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

*** Cephalozia fuegiensis Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Nom. nov. pro Hygrobiella dusenii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 444, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Cephalozia hamatiloba Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (6): 427 (303), 1908 (Stephani 1908g).

*** Cephalozia hamatiloba subsp. siamensis (N.Kitag.) Váňa, Acta Bot. Fenn. 177: 16, 2004 (Koponen et al. 2004). Bas.: Cephalozia siamensis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 293, 1969 (Kitagawa 1969c).

*** Cephalozia lacinulata (J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh.) Spruce, Cephalozia: 45, 1882 (Spruce 1882). Bas.: Jungermannia lacinulata J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh., Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 62-64: no. 624, 1877 (Gottsche and Rabenhorst 1877).

*** Cephalozia lucens (A.Evans) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 496 (326), 1908 (Stephani 1908f). Bas.: Jungermannia lucens A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 258, 1891 (Evans 1891).

*** Cephalozia macgregorii (Steph.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Hygrobiella macgregorii Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 45, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Cephalozia macounii (Austin) Austin, Hepat. bor.-amer.: 14, 1873 (Austin 1873). Bas.: Jungermannia macounii Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 222, 1869 (Austin 1869).

*** Cephalozia maxima Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 441, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Cephalozia mollusca (De Not.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia mollusca De Not., Epat. Borneo: 16, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

* Cephalozia neesiana Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (6): 429 (305), 1908 (Stephani 1908g). 33

*** Cephalozia nishimurae (N.Kitag.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Hygrobiella nishimurae N.Kitag., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 9 (4): 69, 1982 (Kitagawa 1982).

** Cephalozia pachygyna R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 313, 2007 (Engel 2007).

** Cephalozia physocaula (Hook.f. et Taylor) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 485 (315), 1908 (Stephani 1908f). Bas.: Jungermannia physocaula Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 455, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844b).

** Cephalozia schusteriana J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 313, 2007 (Engel 2007).

*** Cephalozia stolonacea (Herzog) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Hygrobiella stolonacea Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 293, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Cephalozia tubulata (Hook.f. et Taylor) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 417, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia tubulata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 463, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844b).

Excluded from the genus

* Cephalozia hians Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 441, 1924 (Stephani 1924). 34

* Cephalozia indica Udar et D.Kumar, Geophytology 6 (1): 42, 1976 (Udar and Kumar 1976). 35

* Cephalozia kodaikanalensis G.Asthana et Saumya Srivast., Geophytology 43 (1): 63, 2013 (Asthana and Srivastava 2013). 36

* Cephalozia parvifolia Arnell, Rev. Bryol. 25 (1): 1, 1898 (Arnell 1898). 37

* Cephalozia tricuspidata (Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 417, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia tricuspidata Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 31, 1830 (Nees 1830). 38

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 353, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

** Fuscocephaloziopsis affinis (Lindb. ex Steph.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia affinis Lindb. ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (4): 277 (291), 1908 (Stephani 1908j).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis africana (Váňa) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia africana Váňa, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 90: 187, 1988 (Váňa 1988).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis albescens (Hook.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia albescens Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 72, 1815 (Hooker 1815).

* Fuscocephaloziopsis albescens var. islandica (Nees) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia islandica Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 29, 1836 (Nees 1836).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis baldwinii (C.M.Cooke) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia baldwinii C.M.Cooke, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 12 (1): 35, 1904 (Cooke 1904).

** Fuscocephaloziopsis biloba (Herzog) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 355, 1968 (Fulford 1968). Bas.: Alobiella biloba Herzog, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 57 (1/2): 166, 1955 (Herzog 1955).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis catenulata (Huebener) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia catenulata Huebener, Hepaticol. germ.: 169, 1834 (Hübener 1834).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis catenulata subsp. nipponica (S.Hatt.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia nipponica S.Hatt., Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 11: 74, 1944 (Hattori 1944d).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis connivens (Dicks.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia connivens Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 4: 19, 1801 (Dickson 1801).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis connivens subsp. fissa (Steph.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia fissa Steph., Hedwigia 30 (5): 204, 1891 (Stephani 1891a).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis connivens subsp. sandwicensis (Mont.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 9, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia sandwicensis Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 249, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis crassifolia (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia crassifolia Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 685, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis gollanii (Steph.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia gollanii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (6): 428 (304), 1908 (Stephani 1908g).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis leucantha (Spruce) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia leucantha Spruce, Cephalozia: 68, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis loitlesbergeri (Schiffn.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia loitlesbergeri Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 62 (1): 10, 1912 (Schiffner 1912b).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis lunulifolia (Dumort.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia lunulifolia Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 61, 1831 (Dumortier 1831). 39

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis macrostachya (Kaal.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia macrostachya Kaal., Rev. Bryol. 29 (1): 8, 1902 (Kaalaas 1902).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis macrostachya subsp. australis (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia macrostachya subsp. australis R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 754, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis macrostachya subsp. macrostachya var. spiniflora (Schiffn.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 10, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia spiniflora Schiffn., Hedwigia 54 (6): 323, 1914 (Schiffner 1914a).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis monticola (J.D.Godfrey) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Schofieldia monticola J.D.Godfrey, Bryologist 79 (3): 315, 1976 (Godfrey 1976).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis pachycaulis (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia pachycaulis R.M.Schust., Bryologist 96 (4): 623, 1993 (Schuster 1993b).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis pleniceps (Austin) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia pleniceps Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 222, 1869 (Austin 1869).

** Fuscocephaloziopsis pleniceps var. caroliniana (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia pleniceps var. caroliniana R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 780, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis pulvinata (Steph.) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 355, 1968 (Fulford 1968). Bas.: Alobiella pulvinata Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 572 (356), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

* Fuscocephaloziopsis schusteri (Sushil K.Singh et D.K.Singh) Váňa, Phytotaxa 183 (4): 291, 2014 (Váňa et al. 2014a). Bas.: Cephalozia schusteri Sushil K.Singh et D.K.Singh, Lindbergia 32 (1): 1, 2007 (Singh and Singh 2007a).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis subintegra Gradst. et Váňa, Cryptog. Bryol. 25 (3): 274, 2004 (Parolly et al. 2004).

*** Fuscocephaloziopsis zoopsioides (Horik.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 112 (1): 11, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia zoopsioides Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 178, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Nowellia Mitt., Nat. hist. Azores: 321, 1870 (Mitten 1870).

** sect. Acronowellia R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 816, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Nowellia reedii H.Rob., Bryologist 73 (1): 150, 1970 (Robinson 1970).

*** Nowellia yunckeri Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 329, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

** sect. Metanowellia (Grolle) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 816, 1974 (Schuster 1974). Bas.: Nowellia subg. Metanowellia Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 33, 1968 (Grolle 1968b).

*** Nowellia borneensis (De Not.) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 98, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia curvifolia var. borneensis De Not., Epat. Borneo: 19, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

*** Nowellia dominicensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 443, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Nowellia evansii Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 33, 1968 (Grolle 1968b).

*** Nowellia langii Pearson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46 (305): 25, 1922 (Pearson 1922b).

*** Nowellia pusilla Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 37, 1968 (Grolle 1968b).

*** Nowellia wrightii (Gottsche ex Spruce) Steph. ex Duss, Enum. musc. Antilles franç., Hép.: 21, 1903 (Duss 1903). Bas.: Cephalozia wrightii Gottsche ex Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30 (210): 354, 1895 (Gepp 1895b).

** sect. Nowellia

*** Nowellia aciliata (P.C.Chen et P.C.Wu) Mizut., Hikobia 11: 469, 1994 (Mizutani 1994). Bas.: Nowellia curvifolia var. aciliata P.C.Chen et P.C.Wu, Obs. fl. Hwangs.: 6, 1965 (Chen and Wu 1965).

*** Nowellia curvifolia (Dicks.) Mitt., Nat. hist. Azores: 321, 1870 (Mitten 1870). Bas.: Jungermannia curvifolia Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 2: 15, 1790 (Dickson 1790).

** Odontoschismatoideae H.Buch ex Grolle

*** Odontoschisma (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 19, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Pleuroschisma sect. Odontoschisma Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 68, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

** sect. Cladopodiella (H.Buch) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1017, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014). Bas.: Cladopodiella H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 1: 89, 1927 (Buch 1927).

*** Odontoschisma francisci (Hook.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia francisci Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 49, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

** sect. Denudata R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 833, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Odontoschisma brasiliense Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 585 (369), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

** Odontoschisma cleefii Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1017, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014).

*** Odontoschisma denudatum (Mart.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 19, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia scalaris var. denudata Mart., Fl. crypt. erlang.: 183, 1817 (Martius 1817).

** Odontoschisma denudatum subsp. naviculare (Steph.) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1019, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014). Bas.: Jamesoniella navicularis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 101, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

** Odontoschisma denudatum subsp. sandvicense (Ångstr.) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1019, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014). Bas.: Sphagnoecetis sandvicensis Ångstr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 29 (4): 22, 1872 (Ångström 1872).

*** Odontoschisma elongatum (Lindb.) A.Evans, Rhodora 14 (157): 13, 1912 (Evans 1912b). Bas.: Odontoschisma denudatum f. elongatum Lindb., Helsingf. Dagbl. 1874 (45, 16 Feb): 2, 1874 (Lindberg 1874b).

*** Odontoschisma engelii Gradst. et Burghardt, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 194, 2008 (Gradstein and Burghardt 2008).

*** Odontoschisma longiflorum (Taylor) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 419, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Sphagnoecetis longiflora Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 281, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Odontoschisma macounii (Austin) Underw., Bull. Illinois State Lab. Nat. Hist. 2 (1): 92, 1884 (Underwood 1884). Bas.: Sphagnoecetis macounii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 3 (3): 13, 1872 (Austin 1872).

*** Odontoschisma portoricense (Hampe et Gottsche) Steph., Hedwigia 27 (11/12): 296, 1888 (Stephani 1888c). Bas.: Sphagnoecetis portoricensis Hampe et Gottsche, Linnaea 25 (3): 343, 1852 [1853] (Hampe and Gottsche 1852).

** Odontoschisma pseudogrosseverrucosum Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1019, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014).

*** Odontoschisma purpuratum Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 297, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Odontoschisma soratamum Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 338, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

*** Odontoschisma variabile (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 419, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Sphagnoecetis variabilis Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 688, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Odontoschisma zhui Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1020, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014).

** sect. Iwatsukia (N.Kitag.) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Phytotaxa 162 (4): 232, 2014 (Gradstein et al. 2014b). Bas.: Iwatsukia N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 27: 178, 1964 (Kitagawa 1964).

*** Odontoschisma bifidum (Fulford) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Phytotaxa 162 (4): 232, 2014 (Gradstein et al. 2014b). Bas.: Cladomastigum bifidum Fulford, Acta Bot. Venez. 2 (5/8): 80, 1967 (Fulford 1967).

*** Odontoschisma jishibae (Steph.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 13, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Cephalozia jishibae Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 437, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Odontoschisma spinosum (Fulford) Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Phytotaxa 162 (4): 232, 2014 (Gradstein et al. 2014b). Bas.: Cladomastigum spinosum Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 840, 1972 (Fulford 1972).

** sect. Neesia Gradst., S.C.Aranda et Vanderp., Taxon 63 (5): 1017, 2014 (Aranda et al. 2014).

*** Odontoschisma fluitans (Nees) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 12, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013g). Bas.: Jungermannia fluitans Nees, Flora 6 (2): 30, 1823 (Link 1823).

** sect. Odontoschisma

*** Odontoschisma grosseverrucosum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 593 (377), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

*** Odontoschisma sphagni (Dicks.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 19, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sphagni Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 1: 6, 1785 (Dickson 1785).

** Odontoschisma steyermarkii Gradst. et Ilk.-Borg., Nova Hedwigia 100 (1/2): 38, 2015 [2014 online] (Gradstein and Ilkiu-Borges 2015).

Incertae sedis

* Odontoschisma obcordatum (Spruce) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 586 (370), 1908 (Stephani 1908e). Bas.: Cephalozia obcordata Spruce, Cephalozia: 61, 1882 (Spruce 1882). 40

** Schiffnerioideae R.M.Schust

** Schiffneria Steph., Österr. Bot. Z. 44 (1): 1, 1894 (Stephani 1894c).

*** Schiffneria hyalina Steph., Österr. Bot. Z. 44 (1): 1, 1894 (Stephani 1894c).

** Trabacelluloideae R.M.Schust

** Haesselia Grolle et Gradst., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 64: 327, 1988 (Grolle and Gradstein 1988).

*** Haesselia acuminata Gradst., Trop. Bryol. 1: 30, 1989 (Gradstein and Florschütz-de Waard 1989).

*** Haesselia roraimensis Grolle et Gradst., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 64: 327, 1988 (Grolle and Gradstein 1988).

** Trabacellula Fulford, Acta Bot. Venez. 2 (5/8): 86, 1967 (Fulford 1967).

*** Trabacellula tumidula Fulford, Acta Bot. Venez. 2 (5/8): 86, 1967 (Fulford 1967).

*** Cephaloziellaceae Douin

by J. Váňa

The treatment of Cephaloziellaceae follows what was outlined in Váňa et al. (2013e). Some nomenclatural and taxonomic notes can also be found in Söderström et al. (2013a) and Váňa et al. (2013b, 2013l). The placement of Phycolepidozia follows Gradstein et al. (2014a).

*** Allisoniella E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 3 (4): 80, 1965 (Hodgson 1965).

** sect. Allisoniella

*** Allisoniella nigra (Rodway) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 137, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Sphenolobus niger Rodway, Tasm. Bryoph.: 33, 1917 (Rodway 1917b).

** Allisoniella nigra var. acutiloba J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 313, 2007 (Engel 2007).

** Allisoniella nigra subsp. novaezelandiae R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 143, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Allisoniella recurva R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 146, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Allisoniella subbipartita (C.Massal.) R.M.Schust. et J.J.Engel, Nova Hedwigia 22: 147, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephalozia subbipartita C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 235, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

*** Allisoniella tasmanica R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 145, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

** sect. Protomarsupella (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 150, 1971 (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Protomarsupella R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 264, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Allisoniella scottii (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 151, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Protomarsupella scottii R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 267, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Amphicephalozia R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 131, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Amphicephalozia africana Váňa et M.Wigginton, J. Bryol. 30 (1): 55, 2008 (Váňa and Wigginton 2008).

*** Amphicephalozia amplexicaulis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 133, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Amphicephalozia geisslerae Pócs et Váňa, Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 145, 2001 (Pócs and Váňa 2001).

*** Anastrophyllopsis (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 81 (1): 15, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013k). Bas.: Anastrophyllum sect. Anastrophyllopsis R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 310, 2002 (Schuster 2002b).

*** Anastrophyllopsis involutifolia (Mont. ex Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 81 (1): 15, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013k). Bas.: Jungermannia involutifolia Mont. ex Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 81, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

*** Anastrophyllopsis revoluta (Steph.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 81 (1): 16, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013k). Bas.: Anastrophyllum revolutum Steph., Hedwigia 32 (3): 139, 1893 (Stephani 1893b).

*** Anastrophyllopsis subcomplicata (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 81 (1): 16, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013k). Bas.: Jungermannia subcomplicata Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 7: 4, 1838 (Lehmann 1838).

** Cephalojonesia Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 37 (4): 763, 1970 [1971] (Grolle and Vanden Berghen 1970).

*** Cephalojonesia incuba Grolle et Vanden Berghen, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 37 (4): 764, 1970 [1971] (Grolle and Vanden Berghen 1970).

*** Cephalojonesia incuba subsp. mexicana Burghardt, Gradst. et Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 35, 2006 (Burghardt et al. 2006).

** Cephalomitrion R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 61 (3/4): 550, 1995 (Schuster 1995b).

*** Cephalomitrion aterrimum (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 61 (3/4): 554, 1995 (Schuster 1995b). Bas.: Cephalozia aterrima Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 501 (331), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella (Spruce) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 98, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b) nom. conserv. Bas.: Cephalozia subg. Cephaloziella Spruce, Cephalozia: 62, 1882 (Spruce 1882). 41

** subg. Cephaloziella

*** Cephaloziella aenigmatica R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 20, 1996 (Schuster 1996d).

*** Cephaloziella anthelioides S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 105: 322, 1952 (Arnell 1952a).

*** Cephaloziella arctogena (R.M.Schust.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 126, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Cephaloziella rubella var. arctogena R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 125, 1980 (Schuster 1980c).

** Cephaloziella arenaria (Steph.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 280, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Cephalozia arenaria Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 504 (334), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella aspericaulis Jørg., Bergens Mus. Skr. (n.ser.) 16: 197, 1934 (Jørgensen 1934).

*** Cephaloziella baumgartneri Schiffn., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 56 (3): 273, 1906 (Schiffner 1906c).

** Cephaloziella breviperianthia C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 208, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981).

** Cephaloziella brinkmannii Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 75, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cephaloziella capensis (Sim) S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 105: 326, 1952 (Arnell 1952a). Bas.: Cephalozia capensis Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 87, 1926 (Sim 1926).

*** Cephaloziella capillaris (Steph.) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 59, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia capillaris Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 496 (326), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella crassigyna (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 61 (3/4): 556, 1995 (Schuster 1995b). Bas.: Cephaloziella aterrima var. crassigyna R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 211, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cephaloziella crispata N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 301, 1969 (Kitagawa 1969c).

*** Cephaloziella densifolia R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 199, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

** Cephaloziella densifolia var. dubia R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 202, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cephaloziella divaricata (Sm.) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 99, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia divaricata Sm., Engl. Bot. 10: tab. 719, 1800 (Smith and Sowerby 1800).

** Cephaloziella divaricata var. scabra (M.Howe) Haynes, Bryologist 12 (4): 68, 1909 (Haynes 1909). Bas.: Cephalozia divaricata var. scabra M.Howe, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 129, 1899 (Howe 1899). 42

** Cephaloziella dusenii Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 6): 49, 1900 (Stephani 1900b).

*** Cephaloziella elachista (J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh.) Schiffn., Sitzungsber. deutsch. naturwiss.-med. Vereins Böhmen “Lotos” Prag 48: 336, 1900 (Schiffner 1900d). Bas.: Jungermannia elachista J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh., Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 58-59: no. 574, 1873 (Gottsche and Rabenhorst 1873a).

** Cephaloziella elachista var. spinophylla (C.Gao) C.Gao, Fl. Bryoph. Sin. 9: 181, 2003 (Gao 2003). Bas.: Cephaloziella spinophylla C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 208, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981).

** Cephaloziella elegans (Heeg) Schiffn., Sitzungsber. deutsch. naturwiss.-med. Vereins Böhmen “Lotos” Prag 48: 336, 1900 (Schiffner 1900d). Bas.: Cephalozia elegans Heeg, Rev. Bryol. 20 (5): 82, 1893 (Heeg 1893).

*** Cephaloziella exigua R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 49, 1996 (Schuster 1996d).

*** Cephaloziella exiliflora (Taylor) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 72, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Jungermannia exiliflora Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 279, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

** Cephaloziella fragillima (Spruce) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (4): 409, 1976 (Fulford 1976). Bas.: Cephalozia fragillima Spruce, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 1 (3): 131, 1890 (Spruce 1890).

*** Cephaloziella garsidei S.W.Arnell, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 23 (1/2): 173, 1954 (Arnell 1954a).

*** Cephaloziella grandiretis (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 35, 1996 (Schuster 1996d). Bas.: Cephaloziella byssacea subsp. grandiretis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 195, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cephaloziella grimsulana (J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh.) Lacout., Hépat. France: 52, 1905 (Lacouture 1905). Bas.: Jungermannia grimsulana J.B.Jack ex Gottsche et Rabenh., Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 53–55: no. 526, 1872 (Gottsche and Rabenhorst 1872).

*** Cephaloziella hampeana (Nees) Schiffn. ex Loeske, Moosfl. Harz.: 92, 1903 (Loeske 1903). Bas.: Jungermannia hampeana Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 3: 560, 1838 (Nees 1838b).

** Cephaloziella hebridensis Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 316, 1893 (Stephani 1893d).

*** Cephaloziella herzogiana (Pandé et K.P.Srivast.) Udar et D.Kumar, Geophytology 6 (1): 45, 1976 (Udar and Kumar 1976). Bas.: Cephalozia herzogiana Pandé et K.P.Srivast., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 75, 1955 (Pandé and Srivastava 1955).

** Cephaloziella heteroica (C.M.Cooke) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 76, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia heteroica C.M.Cooke, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 12 (1): 38, 1904 (Cooke 1904).

** Cephaloziella hyalina Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 77, 1920 (Douin 1920).

* Cephaloziella hyalina var. rappii (Douin) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 56, 1980 (Schuster 1980c). Bas.: Cephaloziella rappii Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 77, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cephaloziella inaequalis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 186, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cephaloziella invisa R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 30, 1996 (Schuster 1996d).

** Cephaloziella kilohanensis (C.M.Cooke) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 85, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia kilohanensis C.M.Cooke, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 12 (1): 37, 1904 (Cooke 1904).

*** Cephaloziella longii Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 27 (2): 193, 1992 (Váňa 1992).

*** Cephaloziella lycopodioides (Sim) S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 105: 321, 1952 (Arnell 1952a). Bas.: Cephalozia lycopodioides Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 85, 1926 (Sim 1926).

** Cephaloziella mammillifera R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Phytologia 63 (5): 327, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

*** Cephaloziella massalongi (Spruce) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (17): 191, 1913 (Müller 1913a). Bas.: Cephalozia massalongi Spruce, Cephalozia: 71, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

*** Cephaloziella muelleriana R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 24, 1996 (Schuster 1996d).

*** Cephaloziella natalensis (Sim) S.W.Arnell, Hepat. South Africa: 338, 1963 (Arnell 1963b). Bas.: Cephalozia natalensis Sim, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 15 (1): 86, 1926 (Sim 1926).

** Cephaloziella nicholsonii Douin, Rev. Bryol. 40 (6): 81, 1913 (Douin 1913b).

*** Cephaloziella nothogena R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 37, 1996 (Schuster 1996d).

** Cephaloziella obtusilobula R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 108, 1980 (Schuster 1980c).

** Cephaloziella patulifolia (Steph.) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 70, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia patulifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 509 (339), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella phyllacantha (C.Massal. et Carestia) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (17): 194, 1913 (Müller 1913a). Bas.: Anthelia phyllacantha C.Massal. et Carestia, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12 (4): 340, 1880 (Massalongo and Carestia 1880).

*** Cephaloziella polystratosa (R.M.Schust. et Damsh.) Konstant., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85 (10): 127, 2000 (Konstantinova 2000). Bas.: Cephaloziella byssacea var. polystratosa R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Phytologia 63 (5): 327, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

*** Cephaloziella pseudocrassigyna R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 313, 2007 (Engel 2007).

*** Cephaloziella pulcherrima R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 203, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

** Cephaloziella pulcherrima subsp. sphagnicola R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 205, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

** Cephaloziella pungens Steph. ex Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (4): 410, 1976 (Fulford 1976).

*** Cephaloziella rubella (Nees) Warnst., Krypt.-Fl. Brandenburg, Leber- & Torfmoose: 231, 1902 (Warnstorf 1902). Bas.: Jungermannia rubella Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 236, 1836 (Nees 1836).

*** Cephaloziella schelpei S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 110 (1): 18, 1957 (Arnell 1957a).

*** Cephaloziella spegazziniana (C.Massal.) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 69, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia spegazziniana C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 234, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

*** Cephaloziella spinicaulis Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 62, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cephaloziella spinigera (Lindb.) Jørg., Bergens Mus. Skr. (n.ser.) 16: 189, 1934 (Jørgensen 1934). Bas.: Cephalozia spinigera Lindb., Musci Scand.: 4, 1879 (Lindberg 1879).

*** Cephaloziella stellulifera (Taylor ex Carrington et Pearson) Croz., Rev. Bryol. 30 (2): 31, 1903 (Crozals 1903a). Bas.: Jungermannia stellulifera Taylor ex Carrington et Pearson, Hepat. Brit. Exsicc. Fasc. I: no. 32, 1878 (Carrington and Pearson 1878).

*** Cephaloziella stephanii Schiffn. ex Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 85, 1920 (Douin 1920).

** Cephaloziella stolonifera R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (6): 426, 1978 (Schuster 1978b).

** Cephaloziella subtilis (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d). Bas.: Jungermannia subtilis Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 685, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Cephaloziella sumatrana Schiffn. ex Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 59, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cephaloziella tabularis S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 105: 318, 1952 (Arnell 1952a).

*** Cephaloziella transvaalensis S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 110 (1): 19, 1957 (Arnell 1957a).

*** Cephaloziella triplicata S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 115: 203, 1962 (Arnell 1962a).

*** Cephaloziella umtaliensis S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 110 (1): 20, 1957 (Arnell 1957a).

*** Cephaloziella uncinata R.M.Schust., Meddel. Grønland 199 (1): 316, 1974 (Schuster and Damsholt 1974).

** Cephaloziella uncinata var. brevigyna R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Phytologia 63 (5): 327, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

** Cephaloziella uncinata var. sphagnicola R.M.Schust., Meddel. Grønland 199 (1): 323, 1974 (Schuster and Damsholt 1974).

*** Cephaloziella vaginans Steph., Wiss. Ergebn. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped. (1907-08), Bot. 2: 119, 1911 (Stephani 1911a).

*** Cephaloziella varians (Gottsche) Steph., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Südpolar-Exped. [1901–1903] 4 (1): 4, 1905 (Stephani 1905e). Bas.: Jungermannia varians Gottsche, Int. Polarforsch., Deutsch. Exped. 2: 452, 1890 (Gottsche 1890).

*** Cephaloziella verrucosa Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d).

* Cephaloziella villaumei (Steph.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 3, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013e). Bas.: Cephalozia villaumei Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 437, 1924 (Stephani 1924). 43

** Cephaloziella violacea Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 15: 242, 1978 (Shliakov 1978).

** Cephaloziella welwitschii (Steph.) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 58, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia welwitschii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (6): 432 (308), 1908 (Stephani 1908g).

** subg. Dichiton (Mont.) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (27): 787, 1916 (Müller 1916). Bas.: Dichiton Mont., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 52, 1856 (Montagne 1856b).

*** Cephaloziella calyculata (Durieu et Mont.) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (27): 787, 1916 (Müller 1916). Bas.: Jungermannia calyculata Durieu et Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 3) 11: 34, 1849 (Montagne 1849).

*** Cephaloziella integerrima (Lindb.) Warnst., Krypt.-Fl. Brandenburg, Leber- & Torfmoose: 232, 1902 (Warnstorf 1902). Bas.: Cephalozia integerrima Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 502, 1875 (Lindberg 1875).

** subg. Evansia (Douin et Schiffn.) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (27): 787, 1916 (Müller 1916). Bas.: Evansia Douin et Schiffn., Rev. Bryol. 40 (5): 66, 1913 (Douin 1913a).

*** Cephaloziella antillana (Besch. et Spruce) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (4): 405, 1976 (Fulford 1976). Bas.: Cephalozia antillana Besch. et Spruce, Bull. Soc. Bot. France (Congr. Bot.) 36: clxxxiii, 1889 [1890] (Bescherelle and Spruce 1889).

*** Cephaloziella dentata (Raddi) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 78, 1897 (Stephani 1897b). Bas.: Jungermannia dentata Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 21, 1818 (Raddi 1818a).

*** Cephaloziella hirta (Steph.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 280, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Cephalozia hirta Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 561 (345), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

** Cephaloziella squarrosula (Trevis.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d). Bas.: Cephalozia squarrosula Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 417, 1877 (Trevisan 1877).

*** Cephaloziella subspinosa R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 210, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

** subg. Prionolobus (Spruce) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (16): 110, 1912 (Müller 1912). Bas.: Cephalozia subg. Prionolobus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 508, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Cephaloziella acanthophora (S.Hatt.) Horik., Hikobia 1 (2): 79, 1951 (Horikawa 1951c). Bas.: Prionolobus acanthophorus S.Hatt., Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 11: 29, 1944 (Hattori 1944d).

*** Cephaloziella biokoensis Váňa et Frank Müll., Trop. Bryol. 24: 1, 2003 (Váňa and Müller 2003).

*** Cephaloziella granatensis (J.B.Jack ex Steph.) Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (4): 411, 1976 (Fulford 1976). Bas.: Cephalozia granatensis J.B.Jack ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 500 (330), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella grisea R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (6): 425, 1978 (Schuster 1978b).

* Cephaloziella meghalayensis Udar et Ad.Kumar, Lindbergia 8 (1): 34, 1982 (Udar and Kumar 1982d). 44

*** Cephaloziella microphylla (Steph.) Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 59, 1920 (Douin 1920). Bas.: Cephalozia microphylla Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 513 (343), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cephaloziella tenuissima (Lehm.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d). Bas.: Jungermannia tenuissima Lehm., Linnaea 4: 367, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

*** Cephaloziella turneri (Hook.) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (17): 202, 1913 (Müller 1913a). Bas.: Jungermannia turneri Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 29, 1812 (Hooker 1812).

Incertae sedis

** Cephaloziella dentifolia Udar et Ad.Kumar, Lindbergia 8 (1): 30, 1982 (Udar and Kumar 1982d).

** Cephaloziella filum (Trevis.) Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 318, 1893 (Stephani 1893d). Bas.: Cephalozia filum Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 417, 1877 (Trevisan 1877).

* Cephaloziella flexuosa C.Gao et K.C.Chang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4 (3): 88, 1984 (Chang and Gao 1984). 45

** Cephaloziella intricata Schiffn. ex Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 59, 1920 (Douin 1920).

** Cephaloziella levieri Schiffn. ex Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 80, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cephaloziella pellucida R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (1/2): 57, 1996 (Schuster 1996d). 46

* Cephaloziella pygmaea (Spruce) Váňa, Phytotaxa 183 (4): 290, 2014 (Váňa et al. 2014a). Bas.: Cephalozia pygmaea Spruce, Cephalozia: 69, 1882 (Spruce 1882). 47

* Cephaloziella secundifolia Pearson, Ann. Bryol. 4: 106, 1931 (Pearson 1931b). 48

** Cephaloziella sinensis Douin, Rev. Bryol. 41 (1): 8, 1914 (Douin 1914).

** Cephaloziopsis (Spruce) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 85, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Cephaloziopsis Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 511, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Cephaloziopsis intertexta (Gottsche) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 183, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Jungermannia intertexta Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 1: 107, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

** Chaetophyllopsis R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 69, 1960 [1961] (Schuster 1960b).

*** Chaetophyllopsis whiteleggei (Carrington et Pearson) R.M.Schust. ex Hamlin, Rec. Domin. Mus. 7: 255, 1972 (Hamlin 1972). Bas.: Jungermannia whiteleggei Carrington et Pearson, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (ser. 2) 2 (4): 1051, 1888 (Carrington and Pearson 1888a).

** Cylindrocolea R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 666, 1969 (Schuster 1969a).

** subg. Cylindrocolea

*** Cylindrocolea kiaeri (Austin) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 2, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013e). Bas.: Jungermannia kiaeri Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (3): 18, 1875 (Austin 1875b).

*** Cylindrocolea sanctae-helenae M.Wigginton, Polish Bot. J. 58 (1): 107, 2013 (Wigginton 2013).

** sect. Cylindrocolea

*** Cylindrocolea andersonii R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 33, 1980 (Schuster 1980c).

*** Cylindrocolea brasiliensis D.P.Costa, N.D.Santos et Váňa, Bryologist 111 (4): 667, 2008 (Costa et al. 2008).

*** Cylindrocolea chevalieri (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 666, 1969 (Schuster 1969a). Bas.: Alobiella chevalieri Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (8): 567 (351), 1908 (Stephani 1908e).

*** Cylindrocolea gittinsii (E.W.Jones) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 172, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella gittinsii E.W.Jones, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 3 (3): 437, 1958 (Jones 1958).

*** Cylindrocolea madagascariensis (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 12 (3): 666, 1969 (Schuster 1969a). Bas.: Lophozia madagascariensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 112, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Cylindrocolea nigerica (E.W.Jones) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 172, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella nigerica E.W.Jones, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 3 (3): 435, 1958 (Jones 1958).

*** Cylindrocolea novae-caledoniae (Grolle) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 161, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella novae-caledoniae Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 29 (3/4): 208, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960a).

*** Cylindrocolea planifolia (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 164, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella planifolia Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 317, 1893 (Stephani 1893d).

*** Cylindrocolea sprucei R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 163, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cylindrocolea ugandica (E.W.Jones) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 171, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella ugandica E.W.Jones, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 3 (3): 433, 1958 (Jones 1958).

** sect. Platycaulis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 173, 1971 (Schuster 1971b).

*** Cylindrocolea recurvifolia (Steph.) Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 47 (11): 348, 1972 (Inoue 1972a). Bas.: Cephalozia recurvifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (7): 497 (327), 1908 (Stephani 1908f).

*** Cylindrocolea tagawae (N.Kitag.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 174, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Cephaloziella tagawae N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 303, 1969 (Kitagawa 1969c).

** subg. Cylindroscyphus (Douin) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 20, 1980 (Schuster 1980c). Bas.: Cephaloziella subg. Cylindroscyphus Douin, Mém. Soc. Bot. France 29: 56, 1920 (Douin 1920).

*** Cylindrocolea abyssinica (Gola) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 2, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013e). Bas.: Cephaloziella abyssinica Gola, Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13 (1): 68, 1914 (Gola 1914a).

** Cylindrocolea obtusifolia Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (4): 401, 1976 (Fulford 1976).

** Cylindrocolea reticulata Udar et Ad.Kumar, Lindbergia 8 (3): 181, 1982 [1983] (Udar and Kumar 1982c).

*** Cylindrocolea rhizantha (Mont.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 22: 175, 1971 [1972] (Schuster 1971b). Bas.: Jungermannia rhizantha Mont., Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot., Pl. Cell.: 454, 1842 (Montagne 1842a).

*** Gottschelia Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 13, 1968 (Grolle 1968c).

*** Gottschelia maxima (Steph.) Grolle, J. Bryol. 25 (1): 6, 2003 (Grolle et al. 2003). Bas.: Tylimanthus maximus Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 249, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

*** Gottschelia schizopleura (Spruce) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 16, 1968 (Grolle 1968c). Bas.: Jungermannia schizopleura Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 517, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Gymnocoleopsis (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 243, 1978 (Schuster 1978a). Bas.: Gymnocolea subg. Gymnocoleopsis R.M.Schust., Bryologist 70 (1): 111, 1967 (Schuster 1967b).

*** Gymnocoleopsis capensis (S.W.Arnell) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 78: 123, 1995 (Schuster 1995c). Bas.: Lophozia capensis S.W.Arnell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 47 (1): 112, 1953 (Arnell 1953a).

*** Gymnocoleopsis cylindriformis (Mitt.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 78: 126, 1995 (Schuster 1995c). Bas.: Jungermannia cylindriformis Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15 (84): 196, 1876 (Mitten 1876b).

*** Herzogobryum Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 32 (3/4): 160, 1963 [1964] (Grolle 1963d). Nom. nov. pro Chondrophyllum Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 21 (1/2): 46, 1952 (Herzog 1952f).

*** Herzogobryum atrocapillum (Hook.f. et Taylor) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 113 (2): 228, 1966 (Grolle 1966j). Bas.: Gymnomitrion atrocapillum Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 258, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Herzogobryum filiforme R.M.Schust., Phytologia 45 (5): 422, 1980 (Schuster 1980b).

*** Herzogobryum molle Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 113 (2): 226, 1966 (Grolle 1966j).

*** Herzogobryum vermiculare (Schiffn.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 103, 1965 (Grolle 1965e). Bas.: Gymnomitrion vermiculare Schiffn., Leberm., Forschungsr. Gazelle 4 (4): 2, 1890 (Schiffner 1890).

** Kymatocalyx Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 25: 56, 1950 (Herzog 1950c).

*** Kymatocalyx africanus Váňa et M.Wigginton, Haussknechtia, Beih. 9: 158, 1999 (Gradstein and Váňa 1999).

*** Kymatocalyx dominicensis (Spruce) Váňa, Österr. Bot. Z. 118 (5): 575, 1970 (Váňa 1970b). Bas.: Jungermannia dominicensis Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30 (210): 363, 1895 (Gepp 1895b).

*** Kymatocalyx madagascariensis (Steph.) Gradst. et Váňa, Haussknechtia, Beih. 9: 164, 1999 (Gradstein and Váňa 1999). Bas.: Acrobolbus madagascariensis Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 460 (179), 1902 (Stephani 1902f).

*** Kymatocalyx rhizomaticus (Herzog) Gradst. et Váňa, Haussknechtia, Beih. 9: 166, 1999 (Gradstein and Váňa 1999). Bas.: Stenorrhipis rhizomatica Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 290, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Lophonardia R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 244, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Lophonardia jamesonii (Mont.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 19, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013a). Bas.: Jungermannia jamesonii Mont., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 60, 1856 (Montagne 1856b).

*** Lophonardia laxifolia (Mont.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 20, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013a). Bas.: Sarcocyphos laxifolius Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 3) 4: 346, 1845 (Montagne 1845b).

*** Lophonardia tristaniana (S.W.Arnell) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 20, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013a). Bas.: Jungermannia tristaniana S.W.Arnell, Results Norweg. Sci. Exped. Tristan da Cunha 42: 12, 1958 (Arnell 1958b).

*** Nothogymnomitrion R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 43, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Nothogymnomitrion erosum (Carrington et Pearson) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 44, 1996 (Schuster 1996a). Bas.: Cesius erosus Carrington et Pearson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1887: 8, 1888 (Carrington and Pearson 1888b).

*** Obtusifolium S.W.Arnell, Ill. Moss Fl. Fennosc. Hep.: 309, 1956 (Arnell 1956b).

*** Obtusifolium obtusum (Lindb.) S.W.Arnell, Ill. Moss Fl. Fennosc. Hep.: 133, 1956 (Arnell 1956b). Bas.: Jungermannia obtusa Lindb., Musci Scand.: 7, 1879 (Lindberg 1879).

*** Oleolophozia L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 50, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b).

*** Oleolophozia perssonii (H.Buch et S.W.Arnell) L.Söderstr., De Roo et Hedd., Phytotaxa 3: 51, 2010 (Söderström et al. 2010b). Bas.: Lophozia perssonii H.Buch et S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 97: 382, 1944 (Buch 1944).

** Phycolepidozia R.M.Schust., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93 (6): 438, 1966 [1967] (Schuster 1966f).

** subg. Metaphycolepidozia Gradst., J.-P.Frahm et U.Schwarz, Taxon 63 (3): 506, 2014 (Gradstein et al. 2014a).

** Phycolepidozia indica Gradst., J.-P.Frahm et U.Schwarz, Taxon 63 (3): 499, 2014 (Gradstein et al. 2014a).

** subg. Phycolepidozia

*** Phycolepidozia exigua R.M.Schust., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93 (6): 440, 1966 [1967] (Schuster 1966f).

** Protolophozia (R.M.Schust.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 16: 204, 1979 (Shliakov 1979). Bas.: Lophozia subg. Protolophozia R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 472, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

** Protolophozia androgyna R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Based on: Lophozia androgyna R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 266, 2002 (Schuster 2002b), nom. inval.

** Protolophozia autoica (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia autoica R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 479, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

** Protolophozia crispata (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia crispata R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 474, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Protolophozia druceae (Grolle et E.A.Hodgs.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia druceae Grolle et E.A.Hodgs., J. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 2 (1): 112, 1972 (Hodgson 1972).

*** Protolophozia elongata (Steph.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 16: 204, 1979 (Shliakov 1979). Bas.: Lophozia elongata Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (1): 41 (141), 1902 (Stephani 1902c).

*** Protolophozia herzogiana (E.A.Hodgs. et Grolle) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia herzogiana E.A.Hodgs. et Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 31 (3/4): 152, 1962 [1963] (Grolle 1962c).

*** Protolophozia lancistipa (Grolle) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Andrewsianthus lancistipus Grolle, Marion Prince Edw. Is: 230, 1971 (Grolle 1971d).

*** Protolophozia leucorhiza (Mitt.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Jungermannia leucorhiza Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15 (82): 68, 1876 (Mitten 1876a).

*** Protolophozia longiflora (Herzog) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 51, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Orthocaulis longiflorus Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 23 (1/2): 32, 1954 (Herzog 1954).

** Protolophozia monoica (E.A.Hodgs.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Metahygrobiella monoica E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 3 (4): 76, 1965 (Hodgson 1965).

*** Protolophozia multicuspidata (Hook.f. et Taylor) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Jungermannia multicuspidata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 375, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

** Protolophozia nivicola (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia nivicola R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 477, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Protolophozia perssoniana (H.A.Mill.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia perssoniana H.A.Mill., Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 5 (2): 508, 1963 (Miller 1963).

** Protolophozia subalpina (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia autoica var. subalpina R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 482, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Protolophozia tasmanica (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia tasmanica R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 484, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Protolophozia verruculosa (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 52, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013l). Bas.: Lophozia verruculosa R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 242, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Lophoziaceae Cavers

by L. Söderström and J. Váňa

Lophoziaceae was broadly defined by de Roo et al. (2007) excluding Anastrophyllaceae and Jamesonielloideae and also moving several traditionally included genera to other families. Vilnet et al. (2010) further refined the family. Nomenclatural and taxonomic notes can also be found in Vilnet et al. (2007b, 2008), Söderström et al. (2013c) and Váňa et al. (2013m). The placement of Gerhildiella and Pseudocephaloziella in the family is provisional.

*** Andrewsianthus R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 30 (1/2): 66, 1961 (Schuster 1961a).

** subg. Andrewsianthus

*** Andrewsianthus aberrans (Nees et Mont.) Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (3): 440, 1963 (Grolle 1963a). Bas.: Jungermannia aberrans Nees et Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 250, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Andrewsianthus bidens (Mitt. ex Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 492, 1968 (Schuster 1968b). Bas.: Lophozia bidens Mitt. ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (1): 41 (141), 1902 (Stephani 1902c).

*** Andrewsianthus bilobus (Mitt.) Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (3): 437, 1963 (Grolle 1963a). Bas.: Gymnanthe biloba Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7 (27): 166, 1863 (Mitten 1863).

*** Andrewsianthus carinatus Grolle, Marion Prince Edw. Is: 229, 1971 (Grolle 1971d).

*** Andrewsianthus cavifolius Grolle et Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 38: 640, 1974 (Váňa 1974b).

*** Andrewsianthus chimbuensis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 491, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Andrewsianthus kinabaluensis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 205, 1970 (Kitagawa 1970).

*** Andrewsianthus koponenii Váňa et Piippo, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 26 (3): 284, 1989 (Váňa and Piippo 1989).

*** Andrewsianthus mizutanii N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 307, 1969 (Kitagawa 1969a).

*** Andrewsianthus papillosus N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 207, 1970 (Kitagawa 1970).

*** Andrewsianthus perigonialis (Hook.f. et Taylor) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 336, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Jungermannia perigonialis Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 368, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

*** Andrewsianthus puniceus (Nees) R.M.Schust. ex Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (3): 439, 1963 (Grolle 1963a). Bas.: Jungermannia punicea Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 32, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Andrewsianthus recurvifolius (Nees) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 710, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia recurvifolia Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 32, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Andrewsianthus sundaicus (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 710, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Anastrophyllum sundaicum Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 202, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Andrewsianthus zantenii Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 38: 645, 1974 (Váňa 1974b).

** subg. Cephalolobus (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 326, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Cephalolobus R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 244, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Andrewsianthus hodgsoniae (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 311, 2007 (Engel 2007). Bas.: Cephalolobus hodgsoniae R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 254, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Andrewsianthus marionensis (S.W.Arnell) Grolle, Marion Prince Edw. Is: 232, 1971 (Grolle 1971d). Bas.: Lophozia marionensis S.W.Arnell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 47 (3): 421, 1953 (Arnell 1953c).

*** Andrewsianthus scabrellus (C.Massal.) R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 311, 2007 (Engel 2007). Bas.: Cephalozia scabrella C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 233, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

** Andrewsianthus sphenoloboides (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 311, 2007 (Engel 2007). Bas.: Cephalolobus sphenoloboides R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 251, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

** Gerhildiella Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 187, 1966 (Grolle 1966a).

*** Gerhildiella rossneriana Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 187, 1966 (Grolle 1966a).

*** Heterogemma (Jørg.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia sect. Heterogemma Jørg., Bergens Mus. Skr. (n.ser.) 16: 146, 1934 (Jørgensen 1934).

*** Heterogemma capitata (Hook.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia capitata Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 80, 1816 (Hooker 1816a).

*** Heterogemma laxa (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia laxa Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 529, 1875 (Lindberg 1875).

*** Heterogemma patagonica (Herzog et Grolle) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 97 (2): 29, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013c). Bas.: Lophozia patagonica Herzog et Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 28 (3/4): 343, 1959 [1960] (Grolle 1959a).

*** Lophozia (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 17, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Lophozia Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 53, 1831 (Dumortier 1831). 49

*** Lophozia ascendens (Warnst.) R.M.Schust., Bryologist 55 (3): 180, 1952 (Schuster 1952). Bas.: Sphenolobus ascendens Warnst., Hedwigia 57 (1/2): 63, 1916 (Warnstorf 1916).

* Lophozia austrosibirica Bakalin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40 (1): 49, 2003 (Bakalin 2003).

** Lophozia ciliata Damsh., L.Söderstr. et H.Weibull, Lindbergia 25 (1): 3, 2000 (Söderström et al. 2000).

*** Lophozia guttulata (Lindb. et Arnell) A.Evans, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 2: 302, 1900 (Evans 1900c). Bas.: Jungermannia guttulata Lindb. et Arnell, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 51, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

* Lophozia jamaicensis (Nees) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (2): 128 (155), 1901 (Stephani 1901h). Bas.: Jungermannia jamaicensis Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 105, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844). 50

** Lophozia lacerata N.Kitag., Hikobia 3 (3): 172, 1963 (Kitagawa 1963a).

** Lophozia lantratoviae Bakalin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40 (1): 47, 2003 (Bakalin 2003).

** Lophozia murmanica Kaal., Rep. Second Norweg. Arctic Exped. 11: 34, 1906 (Bryhn 1906).

** Lophozia pacifica Bakalin, Bryologist 114 (2): 302, 2011 (Bakalin 2011).

* Lophozia pallida (Steph.) Grolle, J. Jap. Bot. 39 (6): 174, 1964 (Grolle 1964a). Bas.: Anastrophyllum pallidum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (10): 1131 (114), 1901 (Stephani 1901c). 51

** Lophozia savicziae Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 10: 299, 1973 (Shliakov 1973).

* Lophozia schusterana Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 12: 320, 1975 (Shliakov 1975).

*** Lophozia silvicola H.Buch, Beret. 18 Skand. Naturforskarmøde: 228, 1929 (Buch 1929).

*** Lophozia silvicoloides N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 276, 1965 (Kitagawa 1965).

* Lophozia subapiculata R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Meddel. Grønland 199 (1): 104, 1974 (Schuster and Damsholt 1974). 52

** Lophozia udarii S.Srivast., S.C.Srivast. et K.K.Rawat, Nelumbo 55: 130, 2013 (Srivastava et al. 2013). 53

*** Lophozia ventricosa (Dicks.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 17, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia ventricosa Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 2: 14, 1790 (Dickson 1790). 54

* Lophozia wenzelii (Nees) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (1): 35 (135), 1902 (Stephani 1902c). Bas.: Jungermannia wenzelii Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 58, 1836 (Nees 1836). 55

Excluded from the genus

* Lophozia serpens (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 17, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia serpens Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 56, 1831 (Dumortier 1831). 56

** Lophoziopsis Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009).

*** Lophoziopsis excisa (Dicks.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia excisa Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 3: 11, 1793 (Dickson 1793).

** Lophoziopsis excisa var. elegans (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia excisa var. elegans R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 522, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Lophoziopsis excisa var. infuscata (R.M.Schust. et Damsh.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia excisa var. infuscata R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Meddel. Grønland 199 (1): 94, 1974 (Schuster and Damsholt 1974).

** Lophoziopsis excisa var. succulenta (R.M.Schust. et Damsh.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia excisa var. succulenta R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Meddel. Grønland 199 (1): 96, 1974 (Schuster and Damsholt 1974).

*** Lophoziopsis longidens (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia longidens Lindb., Helsingf. Dagbl. 1876 (323, 26 Nov.): 2, 1876 (Lindberg 1876a).

** Lophoziopsis longidens subsp. arctica (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 97 (2): 28, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013c). Bas.: Lophozia longidens subsp. arctica R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 539, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). 57

*** Lophoziopsis pellucida (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia pellucida R.M.Schust., Canad. J. Bot. 39 (4): 978, 1961 (Schuster 1961b).

** Lophoziopsis pellucida var. minor (R.M.Schust.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 97 (2): 28, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013c). Bas.: Lophozia pellucida var. minor R.M.Schust., Canad. J. Bot. 39 (4): 984, 1961 (Schuster 1961b).

*** Lophoziopsis polaris (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia alpestris subsp. polaris R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 614, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Lophoziopsis polaris var. sphagnorum (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia alpestris f. sphagnorum R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 619, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

* Lophoziopsis propagulifera (Gottsche) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia propagulifera Gottsche, Int. Polarforsch., Deutsch. Exped. 2: 451, 1890 (Gottsche 1890). 58

** Lophoziopsis rubrigemma (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 67, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Lophozia rubrigemma R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 621, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Pseudocephaloziella R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 243, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Pseudocephaloziella epiphytica R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 243, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Trilophozia (R.M.Schust.) Bakalin, Monogr. Lophozia: 34, 2005 (Bakalin 2005). Bas.: Tritomaria subg. Trilophozia R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 382, 1953 (Schuster 1953).

*** Trilophozia quinquedentata (Huds.) Bakalin, Monogr. Lophozia: 34, 2005 (Bakalin 2005). Bas.: Jungermannia quinquedentata Huds., Fl. Angl. (Hudson): 433, 1762 (Hudson 1762).

** Trilophozia quinquedentata var. asymmetrica (Horik.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 97 (2): 32, 2013 (Söderström et al. 2013c). Bas.: Lophozia asymmetrica Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 153, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Tritomaria Schiffn. ex Loeske, Hedwigia 49 (1/2): 13, 1909 (Loeske 1909). Based on: Tritomaria Schiffn., Ber. Naturwiss.-Med. Vereins Innsbruck 31 [Beilage]: 12, 1908 (Schiffner 1908a).

*** Tritomaria exsecta (Schmidel) Schiffn. ex Loeske, Hedwigia 49 (1/2): 13, 1909 (Loeske 1909). Bas.: Jungermannia exsecta Schmidel, Syst. Samml. Crypt. Gew. 2: 5, 1797 (Schrader 1797), nom. conserv.

** Tritomaria exsecta subsp. novaezelandiae J.J.Engel, Bryologist 109 (1): 61, 2006 (Engel 2006b).

*** Tritomaria exsectiformis (Breidl.) Schiffn. ex Loeske, Hedwigia 49 (1/2): 13, 1909 (Loeske 1909). Bas.: Jungermannia exsectiformis Breidl., Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Steiermark 30: 321, 1894 (Breidler 1894).

** Tritomaria exsectiformis subsp. arctica R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 661, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Tritomaria exsectiformis subsp. camerunensis S.W.Arnell ex Váňa, Phytotaxa 167 (2): 216, 2014 (Váňa et al. 2014b). Based on: Tritomaria camerunensis S.W.Arnell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 52 (1): 64, 1958 (Arnell 1958a), nom. inval.

*** Tritomaria ferruginea (Grolle) Váňa, Phytotaxa 81 (1): 24, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013m). Bas.: Andrewsianthus ferrugineus Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 275, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

* Tritomaria koreana Bakalin, S.S.Choi et B.Y.Sun, Arctoa 18: 163, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin et al. 2009a).

* Tritomaria mexicana Bakalin, Arctoa 17: 162, 2008 [2009] (Bakalin 2008b).

*** Tritomaria scitula (Taylor) Jørg., Bergens Mus. Aarbok 1919/20 (7): 3, 1922 (Jørgensen 1922). Bas.: Jungermannia scitula Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 274, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Scapaniaceae Mig

by J. Váňa

Scapaniaceae , in its classical concept, was recognized as monophyletic and nested within Lophoziaceae s. lat. (cf. Davis 2004, Schill et al. 2004, Yatsentyuk et al. 2004, He-Nygrén et al. 2006). More recent molecular studies classified Scapaniaceae as a sister clade to Lophoziaceae, and the genus Schistochilopsis, a segregate of the genus Lophozia s. lat., more closely related to Scapaniaceae than to Lophoziaceae (cf. de Roo et al. 2007, Vilnet et al. 2007). The genus Scapania was recently studied by morphological methods by Potemkin (2002), by molecular methods by Vilnet et al. (2007) and especially Heinrichs et al. (2012a). Some taxonomic and nomenclatural notes can be found in Váňa et al. (2012a, 2013j, 2015) and Konstantinova et al. (2013a). The placement of Pseudotritomaria, Saccobasis and Schistochilopsis in the family follows Vilnet et al. (2010).

*** Diplophyllum (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 15, 1835 (Dumortier 1835) nom. conserv. Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Diplophyllum Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 44, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** subg. Austrodiplophyllum R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 11 (1): 18, 1968 (Schuster 1968a).

** Diplophyllum recurvifolium C.Massal., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. Lett. Arti 87 (2): 221, 1928 (Massalongo 1928).

*** Diplophyllum squarrosum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 116, 1910 (Stephani 1910b).

*** Diplophyllum verrucosum R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 11 (1): 19, 1968 (Schuster 1968a).

*** subg. Diplophyllum

*** sect. Diplophyllum

*** Diplophyllum albicans (L.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 16, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia albicans L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1133, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

*** sect. Protodiplophyllum (R.M.Schust.) Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 76 (3): 29, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013j). Bas.: Diplophyllum subg. Protodiplophyllum R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 192, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Diplophyllum africanum S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 3 (16): 527, 1956 (Arnell 1956e).

*** Diplophyllum andicola R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 248, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Diplophyllum andrewsii A.Evans, Bryologist 25 (2): 28, 1922 (Evans 1922).

* Diplophyllum androgynum J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 84: 277, 1998 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1998).

* Diplophyllum angustifolium J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 84: 262, 1998 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1998).

*** Diplophyllum apiculatum (A.Evans) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 110, 1910 (Stephani 1910b). Bas.: Diplophylleia apiculata A.Evans, Bot. Gaz. 34 (5): 372, 1902 (Evans 1902b).

** Diplophyllum dioicum R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 11 (1): 20, 1968 (Schuster 1968a).

** Diplophyllum exiguum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 500, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

* Diplophyllum gemmiparum J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 84: 255, 1998 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1998).

* Diplophyllum incrassatum J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 84: 265, 1998 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1998).

*** Diplophyllum nanum Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 26: 48, 1950 [1951] (Herzog 1950b).

* Diplophyllum novum J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 84: 274, 1998 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1998).

*** Diplophyllum obtusatum (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 215, 1974 (Schuster 1974). Bas.: Diplophyllum apiculatum var. obtusatum R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 432, 1953 (Schuster 1953).

*** Diplophyllum obtusifolium (Hook.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 16, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia obtusifolia Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 26, 1812 (Hooker 1812). 59

** Diplophyllum obtusifolium subsp. domesticum (Gottsche) Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 29, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013j). Bas.: Jungermannia domestica Gottsche, Linnaea 28 (5): 548, 1856 [1857] (Gottsche 1856).

*** Diplophyllum serrulatum (Müll.Frib.) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 112, 1910 (Stephani 1910b). Bas.: Diplophylleia serrulata Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 3 (1): 34, 1903 (Müller 1903).

*** Diplophyllum taxifolium (Wahlenb.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 16, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia taxifolia Wahlenb., Fl. Lapp. (Wahlenberg): 389, 1812 (Wahlenberg 1812).

** Diplophyllum taxifolium var. mucronatum R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 203, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Diplophyllum trollii Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 273, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Douinia (C.E.O.Jensen) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 13, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Diplophylleia subg. Douinia C.E.O.Jensen, Danmarks mosser: 145, 1915 (Jensen 1915).

*** Douinia imbricata (M.Howe) Konstant. et Vilnet, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 31, 2013 (Konstantinova et al. 2013a). Bas.: Scapania imbricata M.Howe, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 2 (6): 104, 1901 (Howe 1901b).

*** Douinia ovata (Dicks.) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 14, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Jungermannia ovata Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 3: 11, 1793 (Dickson 1793).

*** Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 31, 2013 (Konstantinova et al. 2013a). Bas.: Diplophyllum plicatum Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 235, 1872 [1873] (Lindberg 1872b).

** Pseudotritomaria Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009).

*** Pseudotritomaria heterophylla (R.M.Schust.) Konstant. et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 66, 2009 [2010] (Konstantinova and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Tritomaria heterophylla R.M.Schust., Canad. J. Bot. 36 (2): 272, 1958 (Schuster 1958b).

** Saccobasis H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 291, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932).

*** Saccobasis polita (Nees) H.Buch, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 8: 292, 1932 [1933] (Buch 1932). Bas.: Jungermannia polita Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 145, 1836 (Nees 1836).

** Saccobasis polymorpha (R.M.Schust.) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 16: 205, 1979 (Shliakov 1979). Bas.: Tritomaria polita subsp. polymorpha R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 700, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

*** Scapania (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835) nom. conserv. Bas.: Radula sect. Scapania Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 38, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

** subg. Ascapania Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 268, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Scapania contorta Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 101, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

** subg. Gracilidae (H.Buch) Váňa, Hentschel, Joch.Müll. et Heinrichs, PhytoKeys 10: 15, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012a). Bas.: Scapania sect. Gracilidae H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 106, 1928 (Buch 1928).

*** Scapania ampliata Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 106, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

** Scapania ampliata subsp. queenslandica M.L.Hicks, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 69: 130, 1991 (Hicks 1991).

*** Scapania bolanderi Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 218, 1869 (Austin 1869).

*** Scapania gracilis Lindb., Morgonbladet (Helsinki) 1873 (286, 9 Dec): 2, 1873 (Lindberg 1873a).

** Scapania macroparaphyllia T.Cao, C.Gao et J.Sun, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42 (2): 180, 2004 (Cao et al. 2004).

*** Scapania maxima Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 223, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Scapania nipponica (Amakawa et S.Hatt.) Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 319, 1967 (Amakawa 1967a). Bas.: Scapania bolanderi var. nipponica Amakawa et S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 14: 83, 1955 (Amakawa and Hattori 1955).

** Scapania paraphyllia T.Cao, C.Gao, J.Sun et B.R.Zuo, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 45 (3): 311, 2007 (Zuo et al. 2007b).

*** Scapania subnimbosa Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 150, 1910 (Stephani 1910b).

** subg. Macroscapania R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 248, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

* Scapania geppii Steph., Hedwigia 44 (1): 14, 1904 (Stephani 1904i).

*** Scapania portoricensis Hampe et Gottsche, Linnaea 25 (3): 342, 1852 [1853] (Hampe and Gottsche 1852).

** Scapania portoricensis var. boliviensis (Steph.) Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 1: 110, 1928 (Herzog 1928). Bas.: Scapania boliviensis Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 231, 1916 (Stephani 1916a).

** Scapania portoricensis var. organensis (Herzog) Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 1: 110, 1928 (Herzog 1928). Bas.: Scapania organensis Herzog, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21 (1/7): 27, 1925 (Herzog 1925a).

** Scapania portoricensis var. roraimensis Warnst., Hedwigia 63 (2): 109, 1921 (Warnstorf 1921).

** subg. Plicaticalyx Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 3 (1): 36, 1903 (Müller 1903).

** sect. Planifoliae (Müll.Frib.) Potemkin, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 85: 56, 1998 (Potemkin 1998). Bas.: Scapania Gruppe Planifoliae Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 286, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania davidii Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 38 (2): 83, 2001 (Potemkin 2001).

** Scapania ferruginaeoides T.Cao, C.Gao et J.Sun, Guihaia 24 (1): 23, 2004 (Sun et al. 2004).

** Scapania gaochii X.Fu ex T.Cao, Phytotaxa 97 (2): 26, 2013 (Cao et al. 2013). Based on: Scapania gaochii X.Fu ex T.Cao, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 25 (5): 541, 2003 (Cao et al. 2003), nom. inval.

*** Scapania harae Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 27: 5, 1964 (Amakawa 1964a).

*** Scapania nimbosa Taylor, Nov. Stirp. Pug. 8: 6, 1844 (Lehmann 1844).

*** Scapania ornithopodioides (With.) Waddell, Moss Exch. Club Cat. Hepat.: 4, 1897 (Waddell 1897). Bas.: Jungermannia ornithopodioides With., Bot. arr. veg. Gr. Brit. 2: 695, 1776 (Withering 1776).

*** Scapania rotundifolia W.E.Nicholson, Symb. Sin. 5: 31, 1930 (Nicholson et al. 1930).

*** Scapania secunda Steph., Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 29: 226, 1894 (Stephani 1894b).

*** Scapania zhukovae Potemkin, Arctoa 9: 121, 2000 (Potemkin 2000b).

** sect. Plicaticalyx (Müll.Frib.) Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (4): 326, 2002 (Potemkin 2002). Bas.: Scapania subg. Plicaticalyx Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 3 (1): 36, 1903 (Müller 1903).

*** Scapania ciliatospinosa Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 222, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Scapania ferruginea (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Lehm. et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 1: 72, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844). Bas.: Jungermannia ferruginea Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 20, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Scapania hians Steph. ex Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 223, 1905 (Müller 1905).

** Scapania hians subsp. salishensis J.D.Godfrey et G.Godfrey, Bryologist 81 (3): 362, 1978 (Godfrey and Godfrey 1978).

*** Scapania orientalis Steph. ex Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (6): 606, 1901 (Müller 1901a).

*** Scapania pseudocontorta Potemkin, Arctoa 9: 115, 2000 (Potemkin 2000b).

*** Scapania sinikkae Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 38 (2): 85, 2001 (Potemkin 2001).

*** Scapania spiniloba Potemkin, Arctoa 9: 117, 2000 (Potemkin 2000b).

** subg. Pseudomacrodiplophyllum Váňa, Hentschel, Joch.Müll. et Heinrichs, PhytoKeys 10: 15, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012a).

*** Scapania microdonta (Mitt.) Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 262, 1905 (Müller 1905). Bas.: Martinellius microdontus Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3 (3): 196, 1891 (Mitten 1891).

*** subg. Scapania

** sect. Aequilobae (Müll.Frib.) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 110, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Scapania Gruppe Aequilobae Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 219, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania aequiloba (Schwägr.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia aequiloba Schwägr., Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 24, 1814 (Schwägrichen 1814).

*** Scapania aspera M.Bernet et Bernet, Cat. hép. Suisse: 42, 1888 (Bernet 1888).

** sect. Americanae Váňa, Hentschel, Joch.Müll. et Heinrichs, PhytoKeys 10: 15, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012a).

*** Scapania americana Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 3 (1): 44, 1903 (Müller 1903).

** sect. Apiculatae H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 53, 1928 (Buch 1928).

*** Scapania apiculata Spruce, Hep. Pyr. Exsic.: no. 15, 1847 (Spruce 1847).

*** Scapania carinthiaca J.B.Jack ex Lindb., Rev. Bryol. 7 (4): 77, 1880 (Lindberg 1880a).

*** Scapania carinthiaca var. massalongi Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (6): 598, 1901 (Müller 1901a).

*** Scapania umbrosa (Schrad.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia umbrosa Schrad., Syst. Samml. Crypt. Gew. 2: 5, 1797 (Schrader 1797).

** sect. Ciliatae Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 272, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Scapania bhutanensis Amakawa, Fl. E. Himalaya 2: 230, 1971 (Hattori 1971a).

*** Scapania ciliata Sande Lac., Prolus. fl. jap.: 209, 1867 (Sande Lacoste 1867).

*** Scapania ciliata subsp. hawaiica (Müll.Frib.) Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (4): 321, 2002 (Potemkin 2002). Bas.: Scapania hawaiica Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 160, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania hirosakiensis Steph. ex Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 120, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania hollandiae W.S.Hong, Bryologist 83 (1): 56, 1980 (Hong 1980).

*** Scapania koponenii Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 37 (1): 41, 2000 (Potemkin 2000c).

*** Scapania lepida Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 101, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Scapania sandei Schiffn. ex Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (6): 612, 1901 (Müller 1901a).

** sect. Compactae (Müll.Frib.) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 101, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Scapania Gruppe Compactae Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 53, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania compacta (Roth) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia compacta Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 3: 375, 1800 (Roth 1800).

*** Scapania kaurinii Ryan, Bot. Not. 42: 210, 1889 (Ryan 1889).

*** Scapania spitsbergensis (Lindb.) Müll.Frib., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (6): 607, 1901 (Müller 1901a). Bas.: Martinellius spitsbergensis Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 31, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

** sect. Curtae (Müll.Frib.) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 55, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Scapania Gruppe Curtae Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 245, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania curta (Mart.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia curta Mart., Fl. crypt. erlang.: 148, 1817 (Martius 1817).

** Scapania curta var. grandiretis R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 393, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

** Scapania curta var. isoloba R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 396, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Scapania diplophylloides Amakawa et S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 9: 59, 1953 (Amakawa and Hattori 1953).

*** Scapania esterhuyseniae S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 110 (1): 26, 1957 (Arnell 1957a).

*** Scapania fulfordiae W.S.Hong, Bryologist 83 (1): 46, 1980 (Hong 1980).

*** Scapania gamundiae R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 11 (1): 14, 1968 (Schuster 1968a).

*** Scapania helvetica Gottsche, Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 42-44: no. 426, 1868 (Gottsche and Rabenhorst 1868).

*** Scapania irrigua (Nees) Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 67, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844). Bas.: Jungermannia irrigua Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 193, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

** Scapania irrigua subsp. rufescens (Loeske) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 471, 1974 (Schuster 1974). Bas.: Scapania irrigua f. rufescens Loeske, Moosfl. Harz.: 71, 1903 (Loeske 1903).

*** Scapania lingulata H.Buch, Meddel. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 42: 92, 1916 (Buch 1916).

** Scapania lingulata var. microphylla (Warnst.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 415, 1974 (Schuster 1974). Bas.: Scapania microphylla Warnst., Hedwigia 63 (2): 75, 1921 (Warnstorf 1921).

** Scapania magadanica S.S.Choi, Bakalin et B.Y.Sun, Bot. Pacifica 1: 46, 2012 (Choi et al. 2012).

*** Scapania mucronata H.Buch, Meddel. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 42: 91, 1916 (Buch 1916).

*** Scapania obcordata (Berggr.) S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 4 (6): 117, 1959 (Arnell and Mårtensson 1959). Bas.: Sarcocyphos obcordatus Berggr., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 13 (7): 96, 1875 (Berggren 1875).

** Scapania parvifolia Warnst., Hedwigia 63 (2): 78, 1921 (Warnstorf 1921).

*** Scapania praetervisa Meyl., Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens (n.f.) 64: 364, 1926 (Meylan 1926).

*** Scapania scandica (Arnell et H.Buch) Macvicar, Stud. handb. Brit. hepat. (ed. 2): 394, 1926 (Macvicar 1926). Bas.: Martinellius scandicus Arnell et H.Buch, Bot. Not. 74: 1, 1921 (Arnell and Buch 1921).

** Scapania scandica var. argutedentata H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 75, 1928 (Buch 1928).

** Scapania scandica var. dimorpha R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 453, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

** Scapania scandica var. grandiretis (Schljakov) Schljakov, Pečen. Mchi Sev. SSSR 4: 152, 1981 (Shliakov 1981). Bas.: Scapania parvifolia var. grandiretis Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 8: 332, 1971 (Shliakov 1971).

*** Scapania uliginosa (Lindenb.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia undulata var. uliginosa Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 58, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

*** Scapania valdonii Váňa, Bedn.-Ochyra et Cykowska, Nova Hedwigia 89 (1/2): 126, 2009 (Váňa et al. 2009).

*** Scapania zemliae S.W.Arnell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 41: 215, 1947 (Arnell 1947).

** sect. Cuspiduligerae H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 125, 1928 (Buch 1928).

*** Scapania cuspiduligera (Nees) Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (22): 472, 1915 (Müller 1915a). Bas.: Jungermannia cuspiduligera Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 180, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

** Scapania cuspiduligera var. diplophyllopsis R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 361, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

** sect. Grolleoscapania Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (4): 329, 2002 (Potemkin 2002).

*** Scapania karl-muelleri Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 270, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

** sect. Hyperboreae Váňa, Hentschel, Joch.Müll. et Heinrichs, PhytoKeys 10: 16, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012a).

*** Scapania hyperborea Jørg., Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1894 (8): 56, 1894 (Jørgensen 1894).

*** Scapania paludicola Loeske et Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (21): 425, 1915 (Müller 1915b).

** Scapania paludicola var. viridigemma R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 122: 20, 1950 [1951] (Schuster 1950).

*** Scapania tundrae (Arnell) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 99, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Martinellius tundrae Arnell, Bot. Not. 74: 289, 1921 (Arnell 1921).

** sect. Kaalaasia (H.Buch) Jørg., Bergens Mus. Skr. (n.ser.) 16: 210, 1934 (Jørgensen 1934). Bas.: Scapania subg. Kaalaasia H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 47, 1928 (Buch 1928).

*** Scapania calcicola (Arnell et J.Perss.) Ingham, Naturalist (Hull) 564: 11, 1904 (Ingham 1904). Bas.: Martinellius calcicola Arnell et J.Perss., Rev. Bryol. 30 (6): 97, 1903 (Arnell 1903).

*** Scapania gymnostomophila Kaal., Bot. Not. 49: 21, 1896 (Kaalaas 1896).

*** Scapania ligulifolia R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 306, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Scapania pseudocalcicola R.M.Schust., Phytologia 63 (5): 327, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

* Scapania sect. Muelleria Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (4): 320, 2002 (Potemkin 2002).

*** Scapania himalayica Müll.Frib. ex Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 12: 81, 1939 (Herzog 1939b).

*** Scapania schljakovii Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 38 (2): 87, 2001 (Potemkin 2001).

** sect. Nemorosae (Müll.Frib.) H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 152, 1928 (Buch 1928). Bas.: Scapania Gruppe Nemorosae Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 155, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania brevicaulis Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 272, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Scapania crassiretis Bryhn, Rev. Bryol. 19 (1): 7, 1892 (Bryhn 1892).

* Scapania degenii Schiffn. ex Müll.Frib., Lebermoose 2 (22): 497, 1915 (Müller 1915a). 60

* Scapania glaucoviridis Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 221, 1934 (Horikawa 1934). 61

** Scapania grossidens Steph. ex Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 146, 1905 (Müller 1905).

*** Scapania hedbergii S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 3 (16): 556, 1956 (Arnell 1956e).

*** Scapania integerrima Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 148, 1910 (Stephani 1910b).

*** Scapania matveyevae Potemkin, Arctoa 9: 97, 2000 (Potemkin 2000a).

*** Scapania nemorea (L.) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 32 (3/4): 160, 1963 [1964] (Grolle 1963d). Bas.: Jungermannia nemorea L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10., 2: 1337, 1759 (Linnaeus 1759).

** Scapania parvidens Steph., Hedwigia 44 (1): 15, 1904 (Stephani 1904i). 62

*** Scapania parvitexta Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 107, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

*** Scapania rigida Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 69, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

** sect. Scapania

*** Scapania gigantea Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 1: 15, 1931 (Horikawa 1931b).

** Scapania grandiloba Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 502, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Scapania komagadakensis Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 96, 1968 (Amakawa 1968a).

*** Scapania obscura (Arnell et C.E.O.Jensen) Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 58 (10): 377, 1908 (Schiffner 1908b). Bas.: Martinellius obscurus Arnell et C.E.O.Jensen, Moose Sarekgeb.: 91, 1907 (Arnell and Jensen 1907).

** Scapania paludosa (Müll.Frib.) Müll.Frib., Mitt. Bad. Bot. Vereins 4 (182/183): 287, 1902 (Müller 1902). Bas.: Scapania undulata var. paludosa Müll.Frib., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 10 (4/5): 220, 1901 (Müller 1901b).

*** Scapania rufidula Warnst., Hedwigia 63 (2): 94, 1921 (Warnstorf 1921).

*** Scapania serrulata R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 539, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Scapania subalpina (Nees ex Lindenb.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia subalpina Nees ex Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 55, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

** Scapania subalpina var. haynesiae Frye et L.Clark, Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 6 (4): 638, 1946 (Frye and Clark 1946).

** Scapania subalpina var. muddiae C.D.Bird et W.S.Hong, Bryologist 83 (1): 51, 1980 (Hong 1980).

*** Scapania undulata (L.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 14, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia undulata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1132, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

** sect. Scapaniella (H.Buch) Potemkin, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 85: 43, 1998 (Potemkin 1998). Bas.: Scapaniella H.Buch, Scapan. N.-Eur. Sib.: 33, 1928 (Buch 1928).

*** Scapania glaucocephala (Taylor) Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (16): 85, 1876 (Austin 1876c). Bas.: Jungermannia glaucocephala Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 277, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Scapania glaucocephala var. saxicola (R.M.Schust.) Potemkin, Bryologist 102 (1): 36, 1999 (Potemkin 1999). Bas.: Scapania saxicola R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 448, 1953 (Schuster 1953).

* Scapania scapanioides (C.Massal.) Grolle, Feddes Repert. 87 (3/4): 235, 1976 (Grolle 1976a). Bas.: Jungermannia scapanioides C.Massal., Hepaticol. ven.: 64, 1879 (Massalongo 1879). 63

** sect. Simmonsiae (R.M.Schust.) Váňa, Hentschel, Joch.Müll. et Heinrichs, PhytoKeys 10: 16, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012a). Bas.: Scapania subsect. Simmonsiae R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 3: 612, 1974 (Schuster 1974).

*** Scapania simmonsii Bryhn et Kaal., Rep. Second Norweg. Arctic Exped. 11: 51, 1906 (Bryhn 1906).

** sect. Sphaeriferae Konstant. et Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 31 (2): 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Potemkin 1994).

*** Scapania sphaerifera H.Buch et Tuom., Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 11: 227, 1936 (Buch and Tuomikoski 1936).

** sect. Stephaniae Potemkin, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 85: 57, 1998 (Potemkin 1998). Based on: Scapania sect. Stephaniae Amakawa et S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 12: 94, 1954 (Amakawa and Hattori 1954). nom. inval.

*** Scapania griffithii Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 49 (6): 204, 1899 (Schiffner 1899a).

*** Scapania javanica Gottsche, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 4: 575, 1853 (Gottsche 1853).

* Scapania javanica var. scabra Schiffn., Arch. Hydrobiol., suppl. 21 (3/4): 397, 1955 (Schiffner 1955).

*** Scapania ligulata Steph., Hedwigia 44 (1): 14, 1904 (Stephani 1904i).

** Scapania ligulata subsp. stephanii (Müll.Frib.) Potemkin, Piippo et T.J.Kop., Ann. Bot. Fenn. 41 (6): 423, 2004 (Potemkin et al. 2004). Bas.: Scapania stephanii Müll.Frib., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 83: 273, 1905 (Müller 1905).

** sect. Verrucosae Potemkin, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 85: 54, 1998 (Potemkin 1998).

*** Scapania udarii S.C.Srivast. et A.Srivast., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 72: 237, 1993 (Srivastava and Srivastava 1993).

*** Scapania verrucosa Heeg, Rev. Bryol. 20 (5): 81, 1893 (Heeg 1893).

*** Schistochilopsis (N.Kitag.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Lophozia subg. Schistochilopsis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 289, 1965 (Kitagawa 1965).

*** Schistochilopsis cornuta (Steph.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Schistochila cornuta Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 84, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

*** Schistochilopsis grandiretis (Lindb. ex Kaal.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Jungermannia grandiretis Lindb. ex Kaal., Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 33 (4/5): 322, 1893 (Kaalaas 1893b).

** Schistochilopsis hyperarctica Konstant. et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 162 (4): 240, 2014 (Konstantinova et al. 2014b). Based on: Lophozia hyperarctica R.M.Schust., Canad. J. Bot. 39 (4): 967, 1961 (Schuster 1961b), nom. inval.

*** Schistochilopsis incisa (Schrad.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Jungermannia incisa Schrad., Syst. Samml. Crypt. Gew. 2: 5, 1797 (Schrader 1797).

* Schistochilopsis nakanishii (Inoue) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Lophozia nakanishii Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 9 (1): 37, 1966 (Inoue 1966a). 64

** Schistochilopsis opacifolia (Culm. ex Meyl.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Lophozia opacifolia Culm. ex Meyl., Beitr. Kryptogamenfl. Schweiz 6 (4): 174, 1924 (Meylan 1924). 65

*** Schistochilopsis setosa (Mitt.) Konstant., Arctoa 3: 125, 1994 (Konstantinova and Vasil’ev 1994). Bas.: Jungermannia setosa Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 92, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

Jungermanniineae R.M.Schust. ex Stotler et Crand.-Stotl
*** Acrobolbaceae E.A.Hodgs

by L. Briscoe and J.J. Engel

** Enigmella G.A.M.Scott et K.G.Beckm., J. Bryol. 17 (2): 297, 1992 (Beckmann and Scott 1992).

** Enigmella thallina G.A.M.Scott et K.G.Beckm., J. Bryol. 17 (2): 297, 1992 (Beckmann and Scott 1992).

** Acrobolboideae R.M.Schust. ex Briscoe

*** Acrobolbus Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 5, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

** Acrobolbus africanus (Pearson) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus africanus Pearson, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1887 (9): 14, 1887 (Pearson 1887b).

*** Acrobolbus anisodontus (Hook.f. et Taylor) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Jungermannia anisodonta Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 4: 79, 1845 (Hooker and Taylor 1845).

** Acrobolbus antillanus R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 90: 143, 2001 (Schuster 2001a).

** Acrobolbus azoricus (Grolle et Perss.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus azoricus Grolle et Perss., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 60 (1): 169, 1966 (Grolle and Persson 1966).

*** Acrobolbus caducifolius R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 90: 154, 2001 (Schuster 2001a).

*** Acrobolbus ciliatus (Mitt.) Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 86, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b). Bas.: Gymnanthe ciliata Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 100, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Acrobolbus cinerascens (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Bastow, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1887: 242, 1888 (Bastow 1888). Bas.: Jungermannia cinerascens Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 46, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Acrobolbus concinnus (Mitt.) Steph., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 24: 399, 1892 (Colenso 1892). Bas.: Gymnanthe concinna Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. III (Fl. Tasman. 2): 230, 1860 (Mitten 1860b).

** Acrobolbus cuneifolius (Steph.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus cuneifolius Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 5 (12): 1138 (10), 1905 (Stephani 1905b).

*** Acrobolbus diversifolius R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 90: 150, 2001 (Schuster 2001a).

*** Acrobolbus epiphytus (Colenso) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium epiphytum Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 21: 64, 1889 (Colenso 1889).

*** Acrobolbus flavicans (J.J.Engel et Grolle) Briscoe et J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium flavicans J.J.Engel et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 34: 438, 1971 (Engel and Grolle 1971).

*** Acrobolbus gradsteinii (Grolle) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium gradsteinii Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 66: 337, 1989 (Grolle 1989a).

** Acrobolbus integrifolius (A.Evans) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus integrifolius A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 259, 1891 (Evans 1891).

*** Acrobolbus knightii (Mitt.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 59, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium knightii Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867).

** Acrobolbus kunkelii (Hässel et Solari) Briscoe et J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus kunkelii Hässel et Solari, Darwiniana 17: 574, 1972 (Hässel and Solari 1972).

*** Acrobolbus laxus (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Plagiochila laxa Lehm. et Lindenb., Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 2-4: 68, 1840 (Lindenberg 1840).

*** Acrobolbus limbatus (Steph.) Briscoe et J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus limbatus Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 25, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

*** Acrobolbus lophocoleoides (Mitt.) Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867). Bas.: Gymnanthe lophocoleoides Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 144, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

** Acrobolbus madeirensis (Grolle et Perss.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus madeirensis Grolle et Perss., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 60 (1): 166, 1966 (Grolle and Persson 1966).

** Acrobolbus mittenii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 460 (179), 1902 (Stephani 1902f).

*** Acrobolbus ochrophyllus (Hook.f. et Taylor) R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 30 (1/2): 64, 1961 (Schuster 1961a). Bas.: Jungermannia ochrophylla Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 368, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

*** Acrobolbus papillosus (J.J.Engel et Glenny) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium papillosum J.J.Engel et Glenny, Nova Hedwigia 87 (3/4): 289, 2008 (Engel and Glenny 2008c).

*** Acrobolbus perpusillus (Colenso) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus perpusillus Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 286, 1887 (Colenso 1887).

*** Acrobolbus perpusillus var. denticulatus (J.J.Engel et Glenny) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium perpusillum var. denticulatum J.J.Engel et Glenny, Nova Hedwigia 87 (3/4): 284, 2008 (Engel and Glenny 2008c).

*** Acrobolbus plagiochiloides (J.J.Engel et Glenny) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupidium plagiochiloides J.J.Engel et Glenny, Nova Hedwigia 87 (3/4): 284, 2008 (Engel and Glenny 2008c).

*** Acrobolbus pseudosaccatus (Grolle) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus pseudosaccatus Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 6 (3/4): 391, 1963 (Grolle 1963c).

*** Acrobolbus renifolius (Hässel et Solari) Briscoe et J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus renifolius Hässel et Solari, Darwiniana 17: 583, 1972 (Hässel and Solari 1972).

** Acrobolbus ruwenzorensis (S.W.Arnell) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus ruwenzorensis S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 3 (16): 560, 1956 (Arnell 1956e).

*** Acrobolbus saccatus (Hook.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 423, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia saccata Hook., Musci Exot. 1: tab. 16, 1818 (Hooker 1818).

*** Acrobolbus setulosus (Mitt.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 60, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Gymnanthe setulosa Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 144, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

*** Acrobolbus spinifolius R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 90: 137, 2001 (Schuster 2001a).

*** Acrobolbus sumatranus (Schiffn.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 61, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Lophozia sumatrana Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 203, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Acrobolbus surculosus (Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 423, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Scapania surculosa Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 62, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

*** Acrobolbus tenellus (Taylor) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 423, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Gymnanthe tenella Taylor, Nov. Stirp. Pug. 8: 1, 1844 (Lehmann 1844).

*** Acrobolbus tenellus var. diversifolius (E.A.Hodgs.) Briscoe, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 61, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus diversifolius E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 85 (4): 575, 1958 (Hodgson 1958).

*** Acrobolbus urvilleanus (Mont.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 423, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Plagiochila urvilleana Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 247, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Acrobolbus viridis (Mitt.) Briscoe et J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 202 (1): 61, 2015 (Briscoe et al. 2015). Bas.: Tylimanthus viridis Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15 (84): 197, 1876 (Mitten 1876b).

*** Acrobolbus wilsonii Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 5, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

** Acrobolbus wilsonii var. andinus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 522, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

Excluded from the genus

* Acrobolbus bispinosus (J.B.Jack et Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 2 (5): 459 (178), 1902 (Stephani 1902f). Bas.: Tylimanthus bispinosus J.B.Jack et Steph., Hedwigia 31 (1): 26, 1892 (Jack and Stephani 1892). 66

** Austrolophozioideae R.M.Schust. ex Crand.-Stotl., Váňa et Stotler

** Austrolophozia R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 282, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

** Austrolophozia andina R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 495, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Austrolophozia camensis (Steph.) Grolle ex Hässel et Solari, Revista Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat., Bernardino Rivadavia Inst. Nac. Invest. Ci. Nat. Bot. 3 (6): 240, 1970 (Hässel and Solari 1970). Bas.: Tylimanthus camensis Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 24, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

*** Austrolophozia paradoxa R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 282, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

*** Goebelobryum Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 25: 135, 1962 (Grolle 1962b).

*** Goebelobryum grossitextum (Steph.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 25: 137, 1962 (Grolle 1962b). Bas.: Marsupidium grossitextum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 446, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Goebelobryum unguiculatum (Hook.f. et Taylor) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 25: 137, 1962 (Grolle 1962b). Bas.: Jungermannia unguiculata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 279, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Goebelobryum vermiculare J.J.Engel et Glenny, Nova Hedwigia 95 (3/4): 320, 2012 (Engel and Glenny 2012).

** Lethocoleoideae Grolle

*** Lethocolea Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 751, 1867 (Hooker 1867) nom. conserv.

** Lethocolea congesta (Lehm.) S.W.Arnell, Bot. Not. 108: 311, 1955 (Arnell 1955b). Bas.: Jungermannia congesta Lehm., Linnaea 4: 365, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

*** Lethocolea glossophylla (Spruce) Grolle, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 78 (921): 83, 1965 (Grolle 1965c). Bas.: Symphyomitra glossophylla Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 503, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Lethocolea indica G.Asthana et Maurya, Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 37 (6): 535, 2014 (Asthana and Maurya 2014).

*** Lethocolea javanica (Schiffn.) Grolle, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 78 (921): 83, 1965 (Grolle 1965c). Bas.: Symphyomitra javanica Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 193, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

** Lethocolea naruto-toganensis Furuki, Bryologist 104 (2): 306, 2001 (Furuki 2001).

*** Lethocolea pansa (Taylor) G.A.M.Scott et K.G.Beckm., Symp. Biol. Hung. 35: 212, 1987 (Scott and Beckmann 1987). Bas.: Jungermannia pansa Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 275, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Lethocolea radicosa (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Grolle, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 78 (921): 83, 1965 (Grolle 1965c). Bas.: Jungermannia radicosa Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 35, 1834 (Lehmann 1834).

* Lethocolea repens S.Winkl., Mitt. Inst. Colombo-Alemán Invest. Ci. 3: 67, 1969 (Winkler 1969).

** Saccogynidioideae Crand.-Stotl., Váňa et Stotler

*** Saccogynidium Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 43, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d).

** sect. Decurvum Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 59, 1960 (Grolle 1960d).

*** Saccogynidium decurvum (Mitt.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 59, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Lophocolea decurva Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. III (Fl. Tasman. 2): 227, 1860 (Mitten 1860b).

** sect. Jugata Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 55, 1960 (Grolle 1960d).

** Saccogynidium rigidulum (Nees) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 52, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Jungermannia rigidula Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 25, 1830 (Nees 1830).

** sect. Saccogynidium

*** Saccogynidium australe (Mitt.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 49, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Saccogyna australis Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 145, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

** Saccogynidium caldense (Ångstr.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 44, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Chiloscyphus caldensis Ångstr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 33 (7): 80, 1876 [1877] (Ångström 1876).

** Saccogynidium goebelii (Herzog) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 52, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Leioscyphus goebelii Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 89, 1932 (Herzog 1932a).

** Saccogynidium muricellum (De Not.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 80, 1972 [1973] (Grolle and Schultze-Motel 1972). Bas.: Chiloscyphus muricellus De Not., Epat. Borneo: 24, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

*** Saccogynidium vasculosum (Hook.f. et Taylor) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 23: 46, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960d). Bas.: Jungermannia vasculosa Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 461, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844b).

Incertae sedis

** Saccogynidium chiloscyphoides R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 272, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

** Saccogynidium irregularospinum C.Gao, T.Cao et M.J.Lai, Bryologist 104 (1): 129, 2001 (Gao et al. 2001).

*** Antheliaceae R.M.Schust

*** Anthelia (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Anthelia Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 63, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** Anthelia julacea (L.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia julacea L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2: 1601, 1763 (Linnaeus 1763).

** Anthelia juratzkana (Limpr.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 416, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia juratzkana Limpr., Hedwigia 15 (2): 18, 1876 (Limpricht 1876).

*** Arnelliaceae Nakai

Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009) placed Stephaniella and Stephaniellidium in Arnelliaceae following de Roo et al. (2007). However, Váňa et al. (2012e) argued based on further molecular evidence that Arnelliaceae should be retained as a monotypic family with a single species.

*** Arnellia Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 35, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

*** Arnellia fennica (Gottsche) Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 35, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889). Bas.: Jungermannia fennica Gottsche, Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 42-44: no. 418, 1868 (Gottsche and Rabenhorst 1868).

*** Balantiopsidaceae H.Buch

by J.J. Engel with contribution by J. Váňa (Neesioscyphus)

The placement of Pseudoisotachis in Balantiopsidaceae is only preliminary (cf. Váňa 2013).

*** Acroscyphella N.Kitag. et Grolle, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1/3): 58, 1985 (Kitagawa and Grolle 1985). Nom. nov. pro Acroscyphus N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 35 (1/3): 1, 1984 (Kitagawa 1984).

*** Acroscyphella iwatsukii (N.Kitag.) N.Kitag. et Grolle, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1/3): 58, 1985 (Kitagawa and Grolle 1985). Bas.: Acroscyphus iwatsukii N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 35 (1/3): 3, 1984 (Kitagawa 1984).

*** Acroscyphella phoenicorhiza (Grolle) N.Kitag. et Grolle, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1/3): 58, 1985 (Kitagawa and Grolle 1985). Bas.: Neesioscyphus phoenicorhizus Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (1): 27, 1964 (Grolle 1964e).

*** Acroscyphella tjiwideiensis (Sande Lac.) N.Kitag. et Grolle, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1/3): 58, 1985 (Kitagawa and Grolle 1985). Bas.: Chiloscyphus tjiwideiensis Sande Lac., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 418, 1854 [1855] (Sande Lacoste 1854).

** Pseudoisotachis Váňa, Polish Bot. J. 58 (1): 55, 2013 (Váňa 2013).

** Pseudoisotachis pocsii Váňa, Polish Bot. J. 58 (1): 55, 2013 (Váňa 2013).

*** Balantiopsidoideae J.J.Engel et Váňa

*** Balantiopsis Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 751, 1867 (Hooker 1867).

*** Balantiopsis asymmetrica (Herzog) J.J.Engel, Nova Hedwigia 16: 93, 1968 (Engel 1968). Bas.: Balantiopsis latifolia var. asymmetrica Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 23 (1/2): 53, 1954 (Herzog 1954).

*** Balantiopsis bisbifida (Steph.) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 101, 1910 (Stephani 1910b). Bas.: Isotachis bisbifida Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 17): 24, 1901 (Stephani 1901b).

*** Balantiopsis brasiliensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 104, 1910 (Stephani 1910b).

*** Balantiopsis cancellata (Nees) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 103, 1910 (Stephani 1910b). Bas.: Ptilidium cancellatum Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 251, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Balantiopsis ciliaris S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 41 (5): 129, 1966 (Hattori 1966b).

** Balantiopsis ciliaris subsp. novoguineensis S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 41 (5): 131, 1966 (Hattori 1966b).

*** Balantiopsis convexiuscula Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 44, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

*** Balantiopsis crocea Herzog, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 60B (1/2): 12, 1939 (Herzog 1939c).

*** Balantiopsis diplophylla (Hook.f. et Taylor) Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867). Bas.: Jungermannia diplophylla Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 377, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

** Balantiopsis diplophylla var. hockenii (Berggr.) J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 37: 11, 1997 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1997). Bas.: Balantiopsis hockenii Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 46, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

*** Balantiopsis erinacea (Hook.f. et Taylor) Mitt., Handb. N. Zeal. fl. 2: 753, 1867 (Hooker 1867). Bas.: Jungermannia erinacea Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 462, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844b).

*** Balantiopsis lingulata R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 11 (1): 26, 1968 (Schuster 1968a).

*** Balantiopsis montana (Colenso) J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 37: 12, 1997 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1997). Bas.: Chiloscyphus montanus Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 21: 62, 1889 (Colenso 1889).

** Balantiopsis neocaledonica Pearson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46 (305): 28, 1922 (Pearson 1922b).

** Balantiopsis paucidens Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 17): 29, 1901 (Stephani 1901b).

*** Balantiopsis purpurata Mitt., Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1 (3, 1): 86, 1884 (Mitten 1884b).

*** Balantiopsis rosea Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 43, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

*** Balantiopsis splendens (Steph.) J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 37: 55, 1997 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1997). Bas.: Isotachis splendens Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 49, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Balantiopsis tumida Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 45, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

*** Balantiopsis verrucosa J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 37: 16, 1997 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1997).

*** Isotachidoideae Grolle

*** Isotachis Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 148, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

*** Isotachis armata (Nees) Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 121, 1864 (Gottsche 1864). Bas.: Jungermannia armata Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 129, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

*** Isotachis aubertii (Schwägr.) Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (146): 322, 1886 (Mitten 1886b). Bas.: Jungermannia aubertii Schwägr., Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 19, 1814 (Schwägrichen 1814).

* Isotachis boliviensis Gottsche, Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 670, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Isotachis chinensis C.Gao, T.Cao et J.Sun, Bryologist 105 (4): 694, 2002 [2003] (Gao et al. 2002).

** Isotachis erythrorhiza (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 338, 1885 (Spruce 1885). Bas.: Jungermannia erythrorhiza Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 44, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Isotachis fragilis Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 67, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

** Isotachis grandis Carrington et Pearson, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (ser. 2) 2 (4): 1041, 1888 (Carrington and Pearson 1888a).

*** Isotachis grossidens Steph., Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 46 (9): 69, 1911 (Stephani 1911b).

** Isotachis hastatistipula (Steph.) J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 183 (4): 299, 2014 (Engel et al. 2014). Bas.: Balantiopsis hastatistipula Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 98, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

* Isotachis hians Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 665, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Isotachis humectata (Hook.f. et Taylor) Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 654, 1909 (Stephani 1909a). Bas.: Jungermannia humectata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 462, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844b).

** Isotachis inflata Steph., Arch. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 13: 113, 1905 (Stephani 1905c).

*** Isotachis intortifolia (Hook.f. et Taylor) Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 121, 1864 (Gottsche 1864). Bas.: Jungermannia intortifolia Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 374, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844a).

** Isotachis japonica Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 652, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

* Isotachis lacustris Herzog, Hedwigia 74 (2): 94, 1934 (Herzog 1934a).

*** Isotachis lopezii (R.M.Schust.) Gradst., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 84: 66, 1999 (Gradstein 1999). Bas.: Ruizanthus lopezii R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 241, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Isotachis lyallii Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 149, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

*** Isotachis minima Pearson, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 10 (4): 322, 1923 (Pearson 1923).

*** Isotachis montana Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 21: 68, 1889 (Colenso 1889).

*** Isotachis multiceps (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 105, 1863 (Gottsche 1863). Bas.: Jungermannia multiceps Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 687, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847). 67

** Isotachis multiceps var. fendleri Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 125, 1864 (Gottsche 1864).

** Isotachis nigella Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 27: 107, 1952 (Herzog 1952c).

*** Isotachis obtusa Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 354, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

** Isotachis olivacea R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 83: 207, 1997 (Schuster and Engel 1997).

*** Isotachis plicata J.J.Engel, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 83: 210, 1997 (Schuster and Engel 1997).

** Isotachis pusilla Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 655, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Isotachis riparia Rodway, Tasm. Bryoph.: 63, 1917 (Rodway 1917b).

*** Isotachis serrulata (Sw.) Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 121, 1864 (Gottsche 1864). Bas.: Jungermannia serrulata Sw., Prodr. (Swartz): 143, 1788 (Swartz 1788).

*** Isotachis spegazziniana C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 220, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

* Isotachis sprucei Beauverd, Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 572, 1924 (Stephani 1924). Nom. nov. pro Isotachis trifida Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 356, 1922 (Stephani 1922), nom. illeg.

*** Isotachis stephanii E.S.Salmon, Rev. Bryol. 28 (4): 75, 1901 (Salmon 1901).

* Isotachis vexans Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 662, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Isotachis westlandica (E.A.Hodgs.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 455, 1968 (Schuster 1968b). Bas.: Rhizocaulia westlandica E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 3 (4): 78, 1965 (Hodgson 1965).

*** Neesioscyphus Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (1): 19, 1964 (Grolle 1964e).

*** Neesioscyphus allionii (Steph.) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 185, 1966 (Grolle 1966c). Bas.: Isotachis allionii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 350, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

*** Neesioscyphus argillaceus (Nees) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (1): 24, 1964 (Grolle 1964e). Bas.: Jungermannia argillacea Nees, Fl. Bras. (Martius) 1 (1): 338, 1833 (Nees 1833a).

*** Neesioscyphus bicuspidatus (Steph.) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 182, 1966 (Grolle 1966c). Bas.: Isotachis bicuspidata Steph., Symb. Antill. 2: 471, 1901 (Stephani 1901f).

*** Neesioscyphus carneus (Nees) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (1): 20, 1964 (Grolle 1964e). Bas.: Jungermannia carnea Nees, Fl. Bras. (Martius) 1 (1): 337, 1833 (Nees 1833a).

*** Neesioscyphus homophyllus (Nees) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 188, 1964 (Grolle 1964f). Bas.: Jungermannia homophylla Nees, Fl. Bras. (Martius) 1 (1): 336, 1833 (Nees 1833a).

** Ruizanthoideae R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr

*** Ruizanthus R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 240, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Ruizanthus venezuelanus R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 240, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Blepharidophyllaceae R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel

by J.J. Engel

*** Blepharidophyllum Ångstr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 30 (5): 151, 1873 (Ångström 1873).

*** Blepharidophyllum densifolium (Hook.) Ångstr. ex C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 208, 1885 (Massalongo 1885). Bas.: Jungermannia densifolia Hook., Musci Exot. 1: tab. 36, 1818 (Hooker 1818).

*** Blepharidophyllum vertebrale (Gottsche) Ångstr. ex C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 208, 1885 (Massalongo 1885). Bas.: Scapania vertebralis Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 1: 72, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

*** Clandarium (Grolle) R.M.Schust., New Manual Bryol. 1: 541, 1983 [1984] (Schuster 1983a). Bas.: Blepharidophyllum subg. Clandarium Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 65, 1965 (Grolle 1965a).

*** Clandarium clandestinum (Mont.) R.M.Schust., New Manual Bryol. 1: 541, 1983 [1984] (Schuster 1983a). Bas.: Plagiochila clandestina Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 247, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

*** Clandarium gottscheanum (Grolle) R.M.Schust., New Manual Bryol. 1: 541, 1983 [1984] (Schuster 1983a). Bas.: Blepharidophyllum gottscheanum Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 69, 1965 (Grolle 1965a).

*** Clandarium xiphophyllum (Grolle) R.M.Schust., Phytologia 56 (2): 68, 1984 (Schuster 1984). Bas.: Blepharidophyllum xiphophyllum Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 65, 1965 (Grolle 1965a).

*** Calypogeiaceae Arnell

by M.A.M. Renner

Calypogeiaceae is shown to be monophyletic (Masuzaki et al. 2010b) and the classification follows Schuster (2000a) and Masuzaki et al. (2010b).

*** Calypogeia Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 31, 1818 (Raddi 1818a) nom. conserv.

** subg. Asperifoliae (Warnst.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 115, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Calypogeia [unranked] Asperifoliae Warnst., Bryol. Z. 1 (7): 111, 1917 (Warnstorf 1917).

*** Calypogeia arguta Nees et Mont., Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 3: 24, 1838 (Nees 1838b).

** Calypogeia sullivantii Austin, Hepat. bor.-amer.: 19, 1873 (Austin 1873).

** subg. Calypogeia

*** Calypogeia andicola Bischl., Candollea 18: 79, 1962 (Bischler 1962a).

** Calypogeia annabonensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 447, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Calypogeia azorica Bischl., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 37 (1): 116, 1970 (Bischler 1970).

*** Calypogeia azurea Stotler et Crotz, Taxon 32 (1): 74, 1983 (Stotler and Crotz 1983).

*** Calypogeia bidentula (F.Weber) Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 199, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a). Bas.: Jungermannia bidentula F.Weber, Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 38, 1815 (Weber 1815).

** Calypogeia falcata Bischl., Candollea 18: 112, 1962 (Bischler 1962c).

*** Calypogeia fissa (L.) Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 33, 1818 (Raddi 1818a). Bas.: Mnium fissum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1114, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753), nom. conserv. 68

** Calypogeia fissa subsp. neogaea R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 169, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Calypogeia goebelii (Schiffn.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 677 (409), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius goebelii Schiffn., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 60 (2): 260, 1893 (Schiffner 1893a).

** Calypogeia goebelii var. siamensis N.Kitag., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 90: 165, 1988 (Kitagawa 1988).

*** Calypogeia grandistipula (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 669 (401), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius grandistipulus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 52, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Calypogeia integristipula Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 662 (394), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

*** Calypogeia laxa Gottsche et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 5: 713, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Calypogeia lechleri (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 680 (412), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius lechleri Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 53, 1895 (Stephani 1895c). 69

** Calypogeia lechleri var. densifolia (Steph.) Bischl., Candollea 18: 101, 1962 (Bischler 1962c). Bas.: Kantius densifolius Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 52, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Calypogeia longifolia Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 449, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Calypogeia lophocoleoides Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 677 (409), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

** Calypogeia mascarenensis Bischl., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 37 (1): 89, 1970 (Bischler 1970).

** Calypogeia microstipula (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 670 (402), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius microstipulus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 53, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

*** Calypogeia miquelii Mont. ex Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 200, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Calypogeia muelleriana (Schiffn.) Müll.Frib., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 10 (4/5): 217, 1901 (Müller 1901b). Bas.: Kantius muellerianus Schiffn., Sitzungsber. deutsch. naturwiss.-med. Vereins Böhmen “Lotos” Prag 48: 342, 1900 (Schiffner 1900d). 70

** Calypogeia muelleriana subsp. blomquistii R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 187, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

*** Calypogeia neesiana (C.Massal. et Carestia) Müll.Frib., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 47: 320, 1905 (Loeske 1905). Bas.: Kantius trichomanis var. neesianus C.Massal. et Carestia, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12 (4): 351, 1880 (Massalongo and Carestia 1880).

** Calypogeia neesiana subsp. subalpina (Inoue) Inoue, Mem. Natl. Sci. Mus. (Tokyo) 4: 58, 1971 (Inoue 1971a). Bas.: Calypogeia subalpina Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (4): 103, 1962 (Inoue 1962b).

*** Calypogeia oblata Herzog, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 51 (1): 189, 1957 (Herzog 1957a).

*** Calypogeia peruviana Nees et Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 9: 47, 1838 (Montagne 1838).

*** Calypogeia rhombifolia (Spruce) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 667 (399), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius rhombifolius Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 413, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Calypogeia rhombifolia var. colombiana Bischl., Candollea 18: 104, 1962 (Bischler 1962c).

*** Calypogeia sphagnicola (Arnell et J.Perss.) Warnst. et Loeske, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 47: 320, 1905 (Loeske 1905). Bas.: Kantius sphagnicola Arnell et J.Perss., Rev. Bryol. 29 (2): 26, 1902 (Arnell 1902). 71

*** Calypogeia subintegra (Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees) Bischl., Candollea 18: 75, 1962 (Bischler 1962a). Bas.: Calypogeia peruviana β subintegra Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 5: 712, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Calypogeia subintegra var. dussiana (Steph.) Bischl., Candollea 18: 77, 1962 (Bischler 1962a). Bas.: Calypogeia dussiana Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 672 (404), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

*** Calypogeia suecica (Arnell et J.Perss.) Müll.Frib., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 17 (2): 224, 1904 (Müller 1904). Bas.: Kantius suecicus Arnell et J.Perss., Rev. Bryol. 29 (2): 29, 1902 (Arnell 1902).

*** Calypogeia tenax (Spruce) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 664 (396), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius tenax Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 416, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Calypogeia uncinulatula Herzog, Hedwigia 67 (6): 250, 1927 (Herzog 1927).

Incertae sedis

*** Calypogeia aeruginosa Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 107, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

* Calypogeia amazonica (Spruce) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 680 (412), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius amazonicus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 415, 1885 (Spruce 1885). 72

** Calypogeia angusta Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 663 (395), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

** Calypogeia apiculata (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 668 (400), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius apiculatus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 51, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Calypogeia asakawana S.Hatt. ex Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 39 (4): 107, 1964 (Inoue 1964a).

** Calypogeia ceylanica S.Hatt. et Mizut., Candollea 23: 288, 1968 (Hattori 1968).

** Calypogeia contracta Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 1 (4): 139, 1975 (Inoue 1975b).

** Calypogeia cuspidata (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 669 (401), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius cuspidatus Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (10): 846, 1897 (Stephani 1897c).

* Calypogeia decurrens (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 675 (407), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius decurrens Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 52, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Calypogeia formosana Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 186, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

** Calypogeia fujisana Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 1 (4): 135, 1975 (Inoue 1975b).

** Calypogeia granulata Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 43 (10/11): 468, 1968 (Inoue 1968b).

** Calypogeia japonica Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 448, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Calypogeia khasiana Ajit P.Singh et V.Nath, Taiwania 52 (4): 320, 2007 (Singh and Nath 2007a).

** Calypogeia latissima Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 449, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Calypogeia lunata Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 107, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

** Calypogeia marginella Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 106, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

** Calypogeia obovata R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 242, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

* Calypogeia steyermarkii Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 305, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

** Calypogeia tosana (Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 678 (410), 1908 (Stephani 1908d). Bas.: Kantius tosanus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 54, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Calypogeia udarii Sudipa Das et D.K.Singh, Nelumbo 53: 194, 2011 (Das and Singh 2011).

** Eocalypogeia (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 861, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Metacalypogeia subg. Eocalypogeia R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 107, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

** Eocalypogeia quelpaertensis (S.Hatt. et Inoue) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 861, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Metacalypogeia quelpaertensis S.Hatt. et Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 25: 129, 1962 (Hattori et al. 1962).

** Eocalypogeia schusterana (S.Hatt. et Mizut.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 861, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Metacalypogeia schusterana S.Hatt. et Mizut., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 4 (8): 121, 1967 (Hattori and Mizutani 1967).

** Metacalypogeia (S.Hatt.) Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 21: 231, 1959 (Inoue 1959b). Bas.: Calypogeia subg. Metacalypogeia S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 18: 83, 1957 (Hattori 1957b).

*** Metacalypogeia alternifolia (Nees) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 185, 1964 (Grolle 1964f). Bas.: Mastigobryum alternifolium Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 216, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Metacalypogeia cordifolia (Steph.) Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 21: 233, 1959 (Inoue 1959b). Bas.: Calypogeia cordifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 661 (393), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

** Mizutania Furuki et Z.Iwats., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 67: 291, 1989 (Furuki and Iwatsuki 1989).

*** Mizutania riccardioides Furuki et Z.Iwats., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 67: 291, 1989 (Furuki and Iwatsuki 1989).

*** Mnioloma Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 3: 115, 1930 (Herzog 1930a).

** subg. Caracoma (Bischl.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 833, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Calypogeia subg. Caracoma Bischl., Candollea 18: 26, 1962 (Bischler 1962b).

** Mnioloma bolivianum (Fulford) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 118: 509, 2000 (Schuster 2000a). Bas.: Calypogeia boliviana Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 291, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

*** Mnioloma caespitosum (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 839, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Kantius caespitosus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 412, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Mnioloma cellulosum (Spreng.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 836, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Jungermannia cellulosa Spreng. Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 4 (1): 232, 1827 (Sprengel 1827a).

*** Mnioloma crenulatum (Bischl.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 839, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Calypogeia crenulata Bischl., Candollea 18: 35, 1962 (Bischler 1962b).

*** Mnioloma cyclostipum (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 843, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Kantius cyclostipus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 411, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Mnioloma elliottii (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 841, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Calypogeia elliottii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (9): 663 (395), 1908 (Stephani 1908d).

** Mnioloma fissistipulum (Bischl.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 847, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Calypogeia fissistipula Bischl., Candollea 18: 47, 1962 (Bischler 1962b).

*** Mnioloma fuscum (Lehm.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 848, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Jungermannia fusca Lehm., Linnaea 4: 360, 1829 (Lehmann 1829).

*** Mnioloma nephrostipum (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 847, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Kantius nephrostipus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 412, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Mnioloma novaezelandiae J.J.Engel, Cryptog. Bryol. 27 (1): 111, 2006 (Engel 2006a).

*** Mnioloma parallelogramum (Spruce) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 847, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Kantius parallelogramus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 413, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Mnioloma retusum (Bischl.) R.M.Schust., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 839, 1995 (Schuster 1995a). Bas.: Calypogeia retusa Bischl., Candollea 18: 33, 1962 (Bischler 1962b).

** Mnioloma stamatotonum M.A.M.Renner et E.A.Br., Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 173, 2008 (Renner and Brown 2008).

*** Mnioloma venezuelanum (Fulford) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 118: 509, 2000 (Schuster 2000a). Bas.: Calypogeia venezuelana Fulford, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 11 (3): 287, 1968 (Fulford 1968).

** subg. Mnioloma, Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 40 (2): 833, 1995 (Schuster 1995a).

*** Mnioloma rhynchophyllum Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 3: 120, 1930 (Herzog 1930a).

*** Endogemmataceae Konstant., Vilnet et A.V.Troitsky

by N.A. Konstantinova

Vilnet et al. (2011) described the monotypic family Endogemmataceae based on molecular evidence after a re-evaluation of Solenostomataceae.

*** Endogemma Konstant., Vilnet et A.V.Troitsky, Folia Cryptog. Estonica 48: 132, 2011 (Vilnet et al. 2011).

*** Endogemma caespiticia (Lindenb.) Konstant., Vilnet et A.V.Troitsky, Folia Cryptog. Estonica 48: 132, 2011 (Vilnet et al. 2011). Bas.: Jungermannia caespiticia Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 67, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

*** Geocalycaceae H.Klinggr

Placement of Geocalycaceae in Jungermanniinae follows Shaw et al. (2015).

*** Geocalyx Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 97, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Geocalyx caledonicus Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (3): 205 (265), 1908 (Stephani 1908h).

*** Geocalyx graveolens (Schrad.) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 397, 1836 (Nees 1836). Bas.: Jungermannia graveolens Schrad., Syst. Samml. Crypt. Gew. 2: 6, 1797 (Schrader 1797).

** Geocalyx lancistipulus (Steph.) S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 28 (8): 234, 1953 (Hattori 1953a). Bas.: Lophocolea lancistipula Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 281, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

** Geocalyx orientalis Besch. et Spruce, Bull. Soc. Bot. France (Congr. Bot.) 36: clxxxix, 1889 [1890] (Bescherelle and Spruce 1889).

*** Gymnomitriaceae H.Klinggr

by J. Váňa

The treatment of the family follows Váňa et al. (2010b) with some modifications. Nardioideae is included following Vilnet et al. (2010) and Váňa et al. (2014c). Some re-arrangements in Apomarsupella, Gymnomitrion and Marsupella were done by Vilnet et al (2010) and Shaw et al. (2015). Further notes on nomenclature and taxonomy can be found in Váňa et al. (2013d). Herzogobryum and Nothogymnomitrion were removed from the family by Váňa et al. (2013e). The placement of Acrolophozia, Nanomarsupella and Paramomitrion is provisional. Inclusion of Cryptocoleopsis follows Shaw et al (2015).

*** Acrolophozia R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 259, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Acrolophozia fuegiana R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 499, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Acrolophozia pectinata R.M.Schust., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 34 (1/2): 261, 1966 (Schuster 1966b).

*** Acrolophozia sulcata Hässel, J. Bryol. 11 (1): 108, 1980 (Hässel 1980).

** Nanomarsupella R.M.Schust. ex A.Hagborg, L.Söderstr. et von Konrat, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 16, 2013 (Hagborg et al. 2013). Based on: Marsupella subg. Nanomarsupella R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 248, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

*** Nanomarsupella xenophylla (R.M.Schust.) R.M.Schust. ex A.Hagborg, L.Söderstr. et von Konrat, Phytotaxa 112 (1): 16, 2013 (Hagborg et al. 2013). Bas.: Marsupella xenophylla R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 248, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

** Paramomitrion R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 134, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Paramomitrion paradoxum R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 135, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Gymnomitrioideae T.Jensen

** Cryptocoleopsis Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 21: 274, 1959 (Amakawa 1959a).

*** Cryptocoleopsis imbricata Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 21: 274, 1959 (Amakawa 1959a).

*** Gymnomitrion Corda, Gen. hepat.: 651, 1829 (Corda 1829) nom. conserv.

*** Gymnomitrion adustum Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 120, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Gymnomitrion africanum (Steph.) Horik., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 212, 1943 (Horikawa 1943). Bas.: Acolea africana Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 77, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Gymnomitrion alpinum (Gottsche ex Husn.) Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 53 (7): 280, 1903 (Schiffner 1903a). Bas.: Sarcocyphos alpinus Gottsche ex Husn., Hepaticol. gall. 1: 13, 1875 (Husnot 1875).

*** Gymnomitrion asperulatum R.M.Schust., Acta Acad. Ped. Agr., Sect. Biol. 24: 114, 2003 (Váňa 2003).

*** Gymnomitrion atrofilum Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 41: 411, 1976 (Váňa 1976b).

*** Gymnomitrion bolivianum (Steph.) Váňa, Novon 20 (2): 225, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010c). Bas.: Anastrophyllum bolivianum Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 186, 1916 (Stephani 1916a).

*** Gymnomitrion brevissimum (Dumort.) Warnst., Hedwigia 53 (3): 196, 1913 (Warnstorf 1913). Bas.: Acolea brevissima Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 76, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** Gymnomitrion commutatum (Limpr.) Schiffn., Magyar Bot. Lapok 13: 304, 1914 [1915] (Schiffner 1914b). Bas.: Sarcocyphos commutatus Limpr., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 57: 314, 1879 [1880] (Limpricht 1879).

*** Gymnomitrion concinnatum (Lightf.) Corda, Gen. hepat.: 651, 1829 (Corda 1829). Bas.: Jungermannia concinnata Lightf., Fl. Scot. 2: 786, 1777 (Lightfoot 1777), nom. conserv.

*** Gymnomitrion corallioides Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 118, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Gymnomitrion crenatilobum Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 278, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Gymnomitrion crenulatum Gottsche ex Carrington, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (3): 444, 1863 (Carrington 1863).

*** Gymnomitrion crystallocaulon (Grolle) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 39, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Marsupella crystallocaulon Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 281, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

** Gymnomitrion incompletum (Gottsche) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 40: 186, 1976 (Váňa 1976a). Bas.: Jungermannia incompleta Gottsche, Linnaea 28 (5): 551, 1856 [1857] (Gottsche 1856).

*** Gymnomitrion laceratum (Steph.) Horik., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 212, 1943 (Horikawa 1943). Bas.: Acolea lacerata Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 78, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Gymnomitrion miniatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 4: 617, 1846 (Gottsche et al. 1846).

*** Gymnomitrion minutulum (Hässel) Váňa, Novon 20 (2): 225, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010c). Bas.: Marsupella minutula Hässel, J. Bryol. 11 (1): 123, 1980 (Hässel 1980).

** Gymnomitrion moralesae Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 48: 230, 1980 (Váňa 1980).

*** Gymnomitrion mucronulatum (N.Kitag.) N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 19 (2/3): 53, 1962 (Kitagawa 1962a). Bas.: Gymnomitrion concinnatum var. mucronulatum N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 18 (2/3): 38, 1959 (Kitagawa 1959).

** Gymnomitrion mucrophorum R.M.Schust., Bryologist 98 (2): 243, 1995 (Schuster 1995d).

*** Gymnomitrion nigrum (Grolle et Váňa) Váňa, Novon 20 (2): 225, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010c). Bas.: Marsupella nigra Grolle et Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 40: 186, 1976 (Váňa 1976a).

*** Gymnomitrion noguchianum S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 27 (2): 55, 1952 (Hattori 1952b).

*** Gymnomitrion obtusilobum N.Kitag., Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 8: 229, 1975 (Hattori 1975e).

*** Gymnomitrion obtusum Lindb., Morgonbladet (Helsinki) 1877 (30, 6 Feb): 2, 1877 (Lindberg 1877a).

*** Gymnomitrion pacificum Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 5 (1): 92, 1966 (Grolle 1966f).

*** Gymnomitrion revolutum (Nees) H.Philib., Rev. Bryol. 17 (3): 34, 1890 (Philibert 1890). Bas.: Sarcocyphos revolutus Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 419, 1836 (Nees 1836).

** Gymnomitrion revolutum subsp. novoguineanensis (R.M.Schust.) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 39, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Apomarsupella revoluta subsp. novoguineanensis R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 90, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Gymnomitrion rubidum (Mitt.) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 39, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Jungermannia rubida Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 90, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Gymnomitrion setaceum Grolle et Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 41: 411, 1976 (Váňa 1976b).

*** Gymnomitrion sinense Müll.Frib., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 20 (1/2): 176, 1951 (Müller 1951b).

** Gymnomitrion strictum (Berggr.) R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 280, 1963 (Schuster 1963b). Bas.: Cesius strictus Berggr., New Zealand Hepat.: 2, 1898 (Berggren 1898).

** Gymnomitrion strictum var. inaequale R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 118, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Gymnomitrion subintegrum (S.W.Arnell) Váňa, Novon 20 (2): 225, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010c). Bas.: Marsupella subintegra S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 3 (16): 545, 1956 (Arnell 1956e).

*** Gymnomitrion truncatoapiculatum Herzog, Hedwigia 74 (2): 81, 1934 (Herzog 1934a).

*** Gymnomitrion verrucosum W.E.Nicholson, Symb. Sin. 5: 10, 1930 (Nicholson et al. 1930).

*** Marsupella Dumort., Commentat. Bot. (Dumortier): 114, 1822 (Dumortier 1822).

*** Marsupella alata S.Hatt. et N.Kitag., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 27: 79, 1960 (Kitagawa 1960b).

*** Marsupella andreaeoides (Lindb.) Müll.Frib., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54 (2/3): 214, 1951 (Müller 1951a). Bas.: Cesius andreaeoides Lindb., Meddel. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 14: 68, 1887 (Lindberg 1887a).

*** Marsupella apiculata Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 53 (6): 249, 1903 (Schiffner 1903b).

*** Marsupella aquatica (Lindenb.) Schiffn., Sitzungsber. deutsch. naturwiss.-med. Vereins Böhmen “Lotos” Prag 44 (8): 267, 1896 [1897] (Schiffner 1896a). Bas.: Jungermannia emarginata var. aquatica Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 75, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

*** Marsupella arctica (Berggr.) Bryhn et Kaal., Rep. Second Norweg. Arctic Exped. 11: 26, 1906 (Bryhn 1906). Bas.: Sarcocyphos emarginatus var. arcticus Berggr., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 13 (7): 96, 1875 (Berggren 1875).

*** Marsupella boeckii (Austin) Lindb. ex Kaal., Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 33 (4/5): 409, 1893 (Kaalaas 1893b). Bas.: Sarcocyphos boeckii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 3 (3): 9, 1872 (Austin 1872).

*** Marsupella bolanderi (Austin) Underw., Zoe 1 (12): 365, 1891 (Underwood 1891). Bas.: Sarcocyphos bolanderi Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 3 (3): 9, 1872 (Austin 1872).

*** Marsupella condensata (Ångstr. ex C.Hartm.) Lindb. ex Kaal., Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 33 (4/5): 420, 1893 (Kaalaas 1893b). Bas.: Gymnomitrion condensatum Ångstr. ex C.Hartm., Handb. Skand. fl. (ed. 10): 128, 1871 (Hartman 1871).

*** Marsupella disticha Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (2): 164 (25), 1901 (Stephani 1901h).

*** Marsupella emarginata (Ehrh.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 24, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia emarginata Ehrh., Hannover. Mag. 22 (8): 141, 1784 (Ehrhart 1784).

** Marsupella emarginata subsp. tubulosa (Steph.) N.Kitag., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 27: 76, 1960 (Kitagawa 1960b). Bas.: Marsupella tubulosa Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 99, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

** Marsupella emarginata subsp. tubulosa var. apertifolia (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 89, 1963 (Kitagawa 1963b). Bas.: Marsupella apertifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (2): 162 (23), 1901 (Stephani 1901h).

** Marsupella emarginata subsp. tubulosa var. patens N.Kitag., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 27: 77, 1960 (Kitagawa 1960b).

** Marsupella emarginata subsp. tubulosa var. tubulosa (Steph.) N.Kitag. ex Váňa et L.Söderstr., Phytotaxa 183 (4): 288, 2014 (Váňa et al. 2014c). Bas.: Marsupella tubulosa Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 99, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

*** Marsupella funckii (F.Weber et D.Mohr) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 24, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia funckii F.Weber et D.Mohr, Bot. Taschenb. (Weber): 422, 1807 (Weber and Mohr 1807).

*** Marsupella microphylla R.M.Schust., Phytologia 39 (4): 249, 1978 (Schuster 1978a).

** Marsupella minutissima N.Kitag., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 27: 81, 1960 (Kitagawa 1960b).

*** Marsupella neesii Sande Lac. ex Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 70, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Based on: Sarcocyphos neesii Nees ex Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 288, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864), nom. inval.

*** Marsupella paroica R.M.Schust., Bryologist 60 (2): 145, 1957 (Schuster 1957b).

*** Marsupella profunda Lindb., Rev. Bryol. 14 (2): 19, 1887 (Lindberg 1887b).

*** Marsupella pseudofunckii S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 4: 63, 1950 (Hattori 1950).

*** Marsupella sparsifolia (Lindb.) Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 13: 128, 1874 (Dumortier 1874). Bas.: Sarcocyphos sparsifolius Lindb., Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 9: 280, 1868 (Lindberg 1868b).

** Marsupella sparsifolia subsp. childii R.M.Schust., Phytotaxa 183 (4): 288, 2014 (Váňa et al. 2014c). Based on: Marsupella sparsifolia subsp. childii R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 61, 1996 (Schuster 1996a), nom. inval.

*** Marsupella sphacelata (Giesecke ex Lindenb.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 24, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sphacelata Giesecke ex Lindenb., Syn. hepat. eur: 76, 1829 (Lindenberg 1829).

*** Marsupella spiniloba R.M.Schust. et Damsh., Phytologia 63 (5): 326, 1987 (Schuster and Damsholt 1987).

*** Marsupella sprucei (Limpr.) Bernet, Cat. hép. Suisse: 33, 1888 (Bernet 1888). Bas.: Sarcocyphos sprucei Limpr., Flora 64 (5): 72, 1881 (Limpricht 1881).

** Marsupella stableri Spruce, Rev. Bryol. 8 (6): 96, 1881 (Spruce 1881a).

*** Marsupella stoloniformis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 201, 1967 (Kitagawa 1967b).

** Marsupella stoloniformis subsp. vermiformis R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 80: 72, 1996 (Schuster 1996a).

*** Marsupella yakushimensis (Horik.) S.Hatt., Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 11: 80, 1944 (Hattori 1944d). Bas.: Sphenolobus yakushimensis Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 156, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

*** Poeltia Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 280, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Poeltia campylata Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 280, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Prasanthus Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 62, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

** Prasanthus jamalicus Potemkin, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29 (4): 319, 1992 (Potemkin 1992).

*** Prasanthus suecicus (Gottsche) Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 62, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889). Bas.: Gymnomitrion suecicum Gottsche, Fl. Danica 16 (48): 20, 1871 (Lange 1871).

*** Nardioideae Váňa

*** Nardia Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 694, 1821 (Gray 1821) nom. conserv.

*** Nardia arnelliana Grolle, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 77 (914): 297, 1964 (Grolle 1964b).

*** Nardia assamica (Mitt.) Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 23, 1963 (Amakawa 1963). Bas.: Jungermannia assamica Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 91, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Nardia breidleri (Limpr.) Lindb., Helsingf. Dagbl. 1880 (311, 15 Nov.): 2, 1880 (Lindberg 1880b). Bas.: Alicularia breidleri Limpr., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 57: 311, 1879 [1880] (Limpricht 1879).

*** Nardia compressa (Hook.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 694, 1821 (Gray 1821). Bas.: Jungermannia compressa Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 58, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

*** Nardia flagelliformis Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 46 (1): 1, 1971 (Inoue 1971b).

*** Nardia geoscyphus (De Not.) Lindb., Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 13: 371, 1874 (Lindberg 1874a). Bas.: Alicularia geoscyphus De Not., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino (ser. 2) 18: 486, 1859 (De Notaris 1859).

* Nardia geoscyphus var. dioica Bakalin, Arctoa 18: 87, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin et al. 2009b).

* Nardia geoscyphus var. suberecta (Lindb. ex Kaal.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 37, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013d). Bas.: Nardia haematosticta var. suberecta Kaal., Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 33 (4/5): 395, 1893 (Kaalaas 1893b).

*** Nardia grollei Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 491, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009).

*** Nardia insecta Lindb., Helsingf. Dagbl. 1878 (315, 18 Nov.): 2, 1878 (Lindberg 1878).

*** Nardia japonica Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 101, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

* Nardia kamtschatica Arnell et C.E.O.Jensen, Hedwigia 67 (1/2): 111, 1927 (Arnell 1927). 73

* Nardia leptocaulis C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 205, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981).

*** Nardia lescurii (Austin) Underw., Bull. Illinois State Lab. Nat. Hist. 2 (1): 115, 1884 (Underwood 1884). Bas.: Alicularia lescurii Austin, Hepat. bor.-amer.: 4, 1873 (Austin 1873).

** Nardia minutifolia Furuki, Bryol. Res. 9 (3): 73, 2006 (Furuki 2006b).

** Nardia nuda (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8 (2): 193, 1973 (Váňa 1973b). Bas.: Jungermannia nuda Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 668, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Nardia poeltii Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 73, 1972 [1973] (Váňa 1972b).

*** Nardia scalaris Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 694, 1821 (Gray 1821).

* Nardia scalaris var. botryoidea (R.M.Schust.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 38, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013d). Bas.: Nardia scalaris subsp. botryoidea R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 862, 1969 (Schuster 1969b).

* Nardia scalaris var. harae (Amakawa) Váňa, Phytotaxa 76 (3): 38, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013d). Bas.: Nardia harae Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (2): 38, 1957 (Amakawa 1957c).

*** Nardia subclavata (Steph.) Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (2): 40, 1957 (Amakawa 1957c). Bas.: Jungermannia subclavata Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 93, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Nardia succulenta (A.Rich.) Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 519, 1885 (Spruce 1885). Bas.: Jungermannia succulenta A.Rich., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 43, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

*** Nardia unispiralis Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (6): 167, 1957 (Amakawa 1957a).

** Gyrothyraceae R.M.Schust

Placement of Gyrothyraceae in Jungermanniinae follows Shaw et al. (2015).

** Gyrothyra M.Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24 (4): 201, 1897 (Howe 1897a).

*** Gyrothyra underwoodiana M.Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24 (4): 202, 1897 (Howe 1897a).

*** Harpanthaceae Arnell

Davis (2004) and Hentschel et al. (2006) resolved Harpanthus as an independent lineage which is recognized here as a monogeneric family as originally construed by Arnell (1928).

*** Harpanthus Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 351, 1836 (Nees 1836).

*** Harpanthus drummondii (Taylor) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 112 (3): 274, 1965 (Grolle 1965g). Bas.: Chiloscyphus drummondii Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 283, 1846 (Taylor 1846a).

*** Harpanthus flotovianus (Nees) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 353, 1836 (Nees 1836). Bas.: Jungermannia flotoviana Nees, Flora 16 (26): 408, 1833 (Nees 1833b).

*** Harpanthus scutatus (F.Weber et D.Mohr) Spruce, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 3 (1/4): 209, 1850 (Spruce 1850). Bas.: Jungermannia scutata F.Weber et D.Mohr, Bot. Taschenb. (Weber): 408, 1807 (Weber and Mohr 1807).

** Hygrobiellaceae Konstant. et Vilnet

by N. Konstantinova

The family Hygrobiellaceae was validated by Konstantinova et al. (2014a).

*** Hygrobiella Spruce, Cephalozia: 73, 1882 (Spruce 1882).

** Hygrobiella intermedia Bakalin et Vilnet, Pl. Syst. Evol. 300 (10): 2286, 2014 (Bakalin and Vilnet 2014).

*** Hygrobiella laxifolia (Hook.) Spruce, Cephalozia: 74, 1882 (Spruce 1882). Bas.: Jungermannia laxifolia Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 59, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

** Hygrobiella squamosa Bakalin et Vilnet, Pl. Syst. Evol. 300 (10): 2286, 2014 (Bakalin and Vilnet 2014).

*** Jackiellaceae R.M.Schust

by J. Váňa

The monogeneric status of Jackiella is supported by a molecular study based on three loci by Hendry et al. (2007).

*** Jackiella Schiffn., Hep. Fl. Buitenzorg: 211, 1900 (Schiffner 1900a).

** Jackiella angustifolia Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 296, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Jackiella ceylanica Schiffn. ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (3): 212 (272), 1908 (Stephani 1908h).

*** Jackiella curvata E.A.Hodgs. et Allison, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 85 (4): 571, 1958 (Hodgson 1958).

*** Jackiella javanica Schiffn., Hep. Fl. Buitenzorg: 212, 1900 (Schiffner 1900a).

** Jackiella javanica var. cavifolia Schiffn., Hep. Fl. Buitenzorg: 213, 1900 (Schiffner 1900a).

** Jackiella javanica var. cordifolia Schiffn., Hep. Fl. Buitenzorg: 213, 1900 (Schiffner 1900a).

** Jackiella renifolia Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 70: 218, 1900 [1901] (Schiffner 1900c).

** Jackiella sinensis (W.E.Nicholson) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 186, 1964 (Grolle 1964f). Bas.: Aplozia sinensis W.E.Nicholson, Symb. Sin. 5: 12, 1930 (Nicholson et al. 1930).

** Jackiella singapurensis Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 70: 218, 1900 [1901] (Schiffner 1900c).

** Jackiella singapurensis var. philippinensis N.Kitag., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 9 (1): 9, 1981 (Kitagawa 1981b).

Excluded from the genus

* Jackiella unica Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 318, 1922 (Stephani 1922). 74

*** Jungermanniaceae Rchb

by J. Váňa

The treatment of Jungermanniaceae follows Shaw et al. (2015). Many old names in Jungermannia are still neither synonymized nor transferred and we do not know their value. Some of them may prove to be older names of currently accepted taxa. We list those doubtful names in a separate section below.

** Delavayelloideae Grolle

** Delavayella Steph., Hedwigia 33 (1): 4, 1894 (Stephani 1894a).

** Delavayella serrata Steph., Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 29: 211, 1894 (Stephani 1894b).

** Delavayella serrata var. purpurea P.C.Chen, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 38, 1955 (Chen 1955).

** Liochlaena Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 150, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Liochlaena lanceolata Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 150, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Liochlaena subulata (A.Evans) Schljakov, Pečen. Mchi Sev. SSSR 4: 71, 1981 (Shliakov 1981). Bas.: Jungermannia subulata A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 258, 1891 (Evans 1891).

** Jungermannioideae Dumort

** Eremonotus Lindb. et Kaal. ex Pearson, Hepat. Br. Isl. 1 (6-15): 200, 1900 (Pearson 1900).

*** Eremonotus myriocarpus (Carrington) Lindb. et Kaal. ex Pearson, Hepat. Br. Isl. 1 (6-15): 201, 1900 (Pearson 1900). Bas.: Jungermannia myriocarpa Carrington, Hepat. Brit. Exsicc. Fasc. II: no. 96, 1879 (Carrington and Pearson 1879).

*** Jungermannia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1131, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753). 75

*** Jungermannia atrovirens Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 51, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

*** Jungermannia borealis Damsh. et Váňa, Lindbergia 4 (1/2): 5, 1977 (Damsholt and Váňa 1977).

* Jungermannia erectii Ajit P.Singh et V.Nath, Hepat. Khasi Jaintia Hills: E. Himal.: 117, 2007 (Singh and Nath 2007b). 76

*** Jungermannia exsertifolia Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 86, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

** Jungermannia exsertifolia subsp. cordifolia (Dumort.) Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8 (3): 268, 1973 (Váňa 1973c). Bas.: Aplozia cordifolia Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 13: 59, 1874 (Dumortier 1874).

*** Jungermannia gollanii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 86, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

** Jungermannia konstantinovae Bakalin et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 161, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin and Vilnet 2009).

*** Jungermannia ovatotrigona (Steph.) Grolle, Feddes Repert. 82 (1): 90, 1971 (Grolle 1971b). Bas.: Jamesoniella ovatotrigona Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 184, 1916 (Stephani 1916a).

*** Jungermannia polaris Lindb., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 23 (10): 560, 1866 [1867] (Lindberg 1866).

*** Jungermannia pumila With., Arr. Brit. Pl., ed. 3, 3: 883, 1796 (Withering 1796).

Taxa doubtfully belonging to the genus 77

* Jungermannia amentacea Bertol., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (ser. 2) 1: 19, 1862 (Bertoloni 1862).

* Jungermannia brasiliensis Raddi, Critt. Brasil.: 15, 1822 (Raddi 1822). 78

* Jungermannia chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa: 221, 1757 (Osbeck 1757). 79

* Jungermannia cordata Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné (Villars) 3: 923, 1789 (Villars 1789).

* Jungermannia crenulata Schmidel, Jungerm. Char.: 20, 1760 (Schmidel 1760).

* Jungermannia creutzeri Kremer, Monogr. hépat. Moselle: 26, 1837 (Krémer 1837).

* Jungermannia digitata C.F.W.Meissn. ex Spreng. Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 4 (2): 326, 1827 (Sprengel 1827b).

* Jungermannia dubioides H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 322, 1981 (Miller 1981). Nom. nov. pro Jungermannia dubia Nees, Prodr. Fl. Norfolk.: 5, 1833 (Endlicher 1833), nom. illeg.

* Jungermannia fernandeziana Mitt., Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1 (3, 1): 85, 1884 (Mitten 1884b).

* Jungermannia hexagona Schwägr., Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 18, 1814 (Schwägrichen 1814).

* Jungermannia holandriana Kremer, Monogr. hépat. Moselle: 25, 1837 (Krémer 1837).

* Jungermannia incerta Gottsche, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 7: 344, 1882 (Gottsche 1882). 80

* Jungermannia lateriflora Hampe ex Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 82, 1863 (Gottsche 1863).

* Jungermannia lescuriana Austin, Rep. (Annual) Regents Univ. State New York State Cab. Nat. Hist. 19: 67, 1866 (Peck 1866). 81

* Jungermannia longiretis Besch. et Spruce, Bull. Soc. Bot. France (Congr. Bot.) 36: clxxxv, 1889 [1890] (Bescherelle and Spruce 1889). 82

* Jungermannia mastigophora Spreng. Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 99, 1821 (Sprengel 1821). 83

* Jungermannia michelii Mérat, Nouv. fl. env. Paris (ed. 2) 1: 219, 1821 (Mérat 1821). 84

* Jungermannia minima Scop., Fl. Carniol. (ed. 2) 2: 350, 1772 (Scopoli 1772).

* Jungermannia odorata With., Bot. arr. veg. Gr. Brit. 2: 693, 1776 (Withering 1776).

* Jungermannia peltata Schmidel, Jungerm. Char.: 14, 1760 (Schmidel 1760).

* Jungermannia quadridigitata Griff., Not. pl. asiat. 2: 314, 1849 (Griffith 1849). 85

* Jungermannia sauteri De Not. ex Rabenh., Hedwigia 1 (20): 121, 1857 (Rabenhorst 1857).

* Jungermannia secunda Hampe ex Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 82, 1863 (Gottsche 1863).

* Jungermannia stereocaulis Bory, Voy. Uranie, Bot. 4: 130, 1827 (Gaudichaud 1827). 86

* Jungermannia submersa Kremer, Monogr. hépat. Moselle: 36, 1837 (Krémer 1837).

* Jungermannia sullivantiana Austin, Rep. (Annual) Regents Univ. State New York State Cab. Nat. Hist. 19: 66, 1866 (Peck 1866). 87

* Jungermannia supina Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., Theil 2 (Hoffm.): 86, 1795 [1796] (Hoffmann 1795).

* Jungermannia tenuis Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. (Ehrhart) 4: 45, 1789 (Ehrhart 1789). 88

* Jungermannia uncifolia Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 51, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

* Jungermannia vernicosa Cass. ex Mérat, Nouv. fl. env. Paris (ed. 2) 1: 221, 1821 (Mérat 1821).

** Mesoptychioideae R.M.Schust

*** Mesoptychia (Lindb.) A.Evans, Ottawa Naturalist 17: 15, 1903 (Evans 1903a). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Mesoptychia Lindb., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 39, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

*** Mesoptychia badensis (Gottsche ex Rabenh.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 52, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia badensis Gottsche ex Rabenh., Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 9-10: no. 95, 1859 (Rabenhorst 1859).

*** Mesoptychia bantriensis (Hook.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 52, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia bantriensis Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 41, 1813 (Hooker 1813).

** Mesoptychia bantriensis subsp. wallfischii (Ştefănuţ) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 52, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Leiocolea bantriensis subsp. wallfischii Ştefănuţ, Hornwort Liverwort Romania: 21, 2008 (Ştefănuţ 2008).

* Mesoptychia chichibuensis (Inoue) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia chichibuensis Inoue, J. Jap. Bot. 36 (2): 41, 1961 (Inoue 1961b).

* Mesoptychia collaris (Nees) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia collaris Nees, Fl. crypt. erlang.: xv, 1817 (Martius 1817).

* Mesoptychia fitzgeraldiae (Paton et A.R.Perry) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Leiocolea fitzgeraldiae Paton et A.R.Perry, J. Bryol. 18 (3): 470, 1995 (Paton and Perry 1995).

*** Mesoptychia gillmanii (Austin) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia gillmanii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 3 (3): 12, 1872 (Austin 1872).

*** Mesoptychia heterocolpos (Thed. ex Hartm.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia heterocolpos Thed. ex Hartm., Handb. Skand. fl. (ed. 3): 328, 1838 (Hartman 1838).

** Mesoptychia heterocolpos var. arctica (S.W.Arnell) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Leiocolea arctica S.W.Arnell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44 (2): 374, 1950 (Arnell 1950).

** Mesoptychia heterocolpos var. harpanthoides (Bryhn et Kaal.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 53, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia harpanthoides Bryhn et Kaal., Rep. Second Norweg. Arctic Exped. 11: 31, 1906 (Bryhn 1906).

*** Mesoptychia igiana (S.Hatt.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia igiana S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 31 (7): 201, 1956 (Hattori 1956a).

* Mesoptychia mamatkulovii (Duda) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia mamatkulovii Duda, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 6 (1): 82, 1970 (Duda 1970).

*** Mesoptychia mayebarae (S.Hatt.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Cephalozia mayebarae S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 37, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948a).

*** Mesoptychia morrisoncola (Horik.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia morrisoncola Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 150, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

* Mesoptychia polymorpha Stotler, Crand.-Stotl. et Bakalin, Polish Bot. J. 58 (1): 82, 2013 (Crandall-Stotler et al. 2013).

*** Mesoptychia rutheana (Limpr.) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia rutheana Limpr., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 61: 207, 1884 (Limpricht 1884).

** Mesoptychia rutheana var. laxa (Schiffn. ex Burrell) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia schultzii var. laxa Schiffn. ex Burrell, J. Bot. 49: 217, 1911 (Burrell 1911).

*** Mesoptychia sahlbergii (Lindb. et Arnell) A.Evans, Ottawa Naturalist 17: 15, 1903 (Evans 1903a). Bas.: Jungermannia sahlbergii Lindb. et Arnell, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. (n.ser.) 23 (5): 40, 1889 (Lindberg and Arnell 1889).

*** Mesoptychia subcrispa (Herzog) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 54, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Lophozia subcrispa Herzog, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 53 (1): 362, 1942 [1943] (Herzog 1942b).

*** Mesoptychia turbinata (Raddi) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 55, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Jungermannia turbinata Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 18, 1818 (Raddi 1818a).

* Mesoptychia ussuriensis (Bakalin) L.Söderstr. et Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 55, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012b). Bas.: Leiocolea ussuriensis Bakalin, Arctoa 17: 103, 2008 [2009] (Bakalin 2008c).

** Rivulariella D.H.Wagner, Phytoneuron 2013 (10): 2, 2013 (Wagner 2013).

** Rivulariella gemmipara (A.Evans) D.H.Wagner, Phytoneuron 2013 (10): 2, 2013 (Wagner 2013). Bas.: Chiloscyphus gemmiparus A.Evans, Bryologist 41 (3): 50, 1938 (Evans 1938b).

** Notoscyphaceae Crand.-Stotl., Váňa et Stotler

Shaw et al. (2015) circumscribed Notoscyphaceae as monogeneric based on molecular and morphological evidence.

*** Notoscyphus Mitt., Fl. vit.: 407, 1871 [1873] (Mitten 1871).

*** Notoscyphus lutescens (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Mitt., Fl. vit.: 407, 1871 [1873] (Mitten 1871). Bas.: Jungermannia lutescens Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 16, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

** Saccogynaceae Heeg

Shaw et al. (2015) recognized Saccogynaceae as being monogeneric.

*** Saccogyna Dumort., Commentat. Bot. (Dumortier): 113, 1822 (Dumortier 1822) nom. conserv.

* Saccogyna ligulata Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (3): 207 (267), 1908 (Stephani 1908h).

** Saccogyna subacuta Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 316, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

*** Saccogyna viticulosa (L.) Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 74, 1831 (Dumortier 1831). Bas.: Jungermannia viticulosa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1131, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

Excluded from the genus

* Saccogyna tridens Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 317, 1922 (Stephani 1922). 89

*** Solenostomataceae Stotler et Crand.-Stotl

by J. Váňa

Solenostomataceae was first defined by Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009) and refined to the current circumscription in Shaw et al (2015). The placement of Aponardia is provisional following Váňa et al. (2012c) and the placement of Arctoscyphus, Cryptocolea and Diplocolea in the family is also provisional. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes can also be found in Váňa and Long (2009) and Váňa et al. (2012d, 2013c).

** Aponardia (R.M.Schust.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 46, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012c). Bas.: Nardia subg. Aponardia R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 360, 2002 (Schuster 2002b).

*** Aponardia huerlimannii (Váňa et Grolle) Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 46, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012c). Bas.: Nardia huerlimannii Váňa et Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 118 (3): 233, 1970 (Váňa 1970c).

** Arctoscyphus Hässel, Lindbergia 16 (4): 133, 1990 [1992] (Hässel 1990a).

** Arctoscyphus fuegiensis (C.Massal.) Hässel, Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 17 (3): 164, 1996 (Hässel 1996). Bas.: Leioscyphus repens var. fuegiensis C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17 (3): 212, 1885 (Massalongo 1885).

** Arctoscyphus ronsmithii Hässel, Lindbergia 16 (4): 133, 1990 [1992] (Hässel 1990a).

** Cryptocolea R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 414, 1953 (Schuster 1953).

*** Cryptocolea imbricata R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 417, 1953 (Schuster 1953).

** Diplocolea Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (9): 274, 1962 (Amakawa 1962).

*** Diplocolea sikkimensis Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (9): 274, 1962 (Amakawa 1962).

*** Solenostoma Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 8 (29): 51, 1864 [1865] (Mitten 1864c) nom. conserv. 90

** subg. Eucalyx (Lindb.) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 38, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Nardia sect. Eucalyx Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 525, 1875 (Lindberg 1875).

*** Solenostoma bilobum (S.Hatt. ex Amakawa) Potemkin et Nyushko, Liverworts and Hornworts of Russia 1: 286, 2009 (Potemkin and Sofronova 2009). Bas.: Plectocolea biloba S.Hatt. ex Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (7): 216, 1957 (Amakawa 1957d).

*** Solenostoma emarginatum (Amakawa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Plectocolea emarginata Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 33 (11): 340, 1958 (Amakawa 1958b).

*** Solenostoma flagellatum (S.Hatt.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 501, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Plectocolea flagellata S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 13, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948b).

*** Solenostoma hokkaidense (Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia hokkaidensis Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 314, 1972 (Váňa 1972a).

*** Solenostoma obovatum (Nees) C.Massal., Epat. erb. critt. ital.: 17, 1903 (Massalongo 1903). Bas.: Jungermannia obovata Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 332, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Solenostoma obscurum (A.Evans) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 1013, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Nardia obscura A.Evans, Rhodora 21 (249): 159, 1919 (Evans 1919a).

*** Solenostoma schusteranum (J.D.Godfrey et G.Godfrey) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia schusterana J.D.Godfrey et G.Godfrey, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 46: 109, 1979 (Godfrey and Godfrey 1979).

*** Solenostoma subtilissimum (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 1027, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Nardia subtilissima Schiffn., Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23: 136, 1909 (Schiffner 1909b).

** subg. Metasolenostoma Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 38, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015).

*** Solenostoma fusiforme (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 944, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Nardia fusiformis Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 99, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

*** Solenostoma gracillimum (Sm.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 972, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia gracillima Sm., Engl. Bot. 32: tab. 2238, 1811 (Smith and Sowerby 1811).

*** Solenostoma handelii (Schiffn.) Müll.Frib., Beitr. Kryptogamenfl. Schweiz 10 (2): 38, 1947 (Müller 1947). Bas.: Nardia handelii Schiffn., Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23: 135, 1909 (Schiffner 1909b).

** Solenostoma lignicola (Schiffn.) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Nardia lignicola Schiffn., Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23: 137, 1909 (Schiffner 1909b).

*** Solenostoma limbatifolium (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 504, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia limbatifolia Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 112, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

** Solenostoma philippinense Váňa, Phytotaxa 152 (1): 43, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013c). Based on: Solenostoma gracillimum subsp. camiguinense Bakalin, Polish Bot. J. 58 (1): 134, 2013 (Bakalin 2013).

*** Solenostoma rubrum (Gottsche) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 975, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia rubra Gottsche, Bot. Gaz. 13 (5): 113, 1888 (Underwood 1888).

*** Solenostoma suborbiculatum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 508, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia suborbiculata Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 112, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

** subg. Plectocolea Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 8 (31): 156, 1864 (Mitten 1864a).

*** Solenostoma balfourii (Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia balfourii Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9 (3): 279, 1974 (Váňa 1974a).

*** Solenostoma borneense (Amakawa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia borneensis Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 160, 1970 (Amakawa 1970).

*** Solenostoma callithrix (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 486 (48), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia callithrix Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 673, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Solenostoma champawatense (S.N.Srivast. et Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 496, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia champawatensis S.N.Srivast. et Amakawa, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India, B 61 (2): 205, 1991 (Srivastava and Amakawa 1991).

*** Solenostoma comatum (Nees) C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 73, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981). Bas.: Jungermannia comata Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 78, 1830 (Nees 1830).

*** Solenostoma comatum var. novae-guineae (Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia comata var. novae-guineae Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 37: 187, 1973 (Váňa 1973a).

*** Solenostoma crenuliforme (Austin) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 494 (56), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia crenuliformis Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 3 (3): 10, 1872 (Austin 1872).

*** Solenostoma decolor (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia decolor Schiffn., Leberm., Forschungsr. Gazelle 4 (4): 10, 1890 (Schiffner 1890).

*** Solenostoma dusenii (Steph.) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Nardia dusenii Steph., Hedwigia 30 (5): 209, 1891 (Stephani 1891a).

*** Solenostoma erectum (Amakawa) C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 66, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981). Bas.: Plectocolea erecta Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (10): 307, 1957 (Amakawa 1957b).

* Solenostoma flagellalioides C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 205, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981).

*** Solenostoma flavialbicans (Amakawa et Grolle) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 501, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia flavialbicans Amakawa et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 108, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

*** Solenostoma fossombronioides (Austin) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 1027, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia fossombronioides Austin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 21: 220, 1869 (Austin 1869).

*** Solenostoma glaucum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 502, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia glauca Amakawa, Fl. E. Himalaya: 511, 1966 (Hattori 1966c).

* Solenostoma gongshanense (C.Gao et J.Sun) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 502, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia gongshanensis C.Gao et J.Sun, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 27 (2): 140, 2007 (Sun and Duan 2007).

*** Solenostoma haskarlianum (Nees) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 502, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Alicularia haskarliana Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 12, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

*** Solenostoma hattorianum (Amakawa) Potemkin et Nyushko, Liverworts and Hornworts of Russia 1: 287, 2009 (Potemkin and Sofronova 2009). Bas.: Plectocolea hattoriana Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 33 (11): 341, 1958 (Amakawa 1958b).

*** Solenostoma hirticalyx (Steph.) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia hirticalyx Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 87, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Solenostoma horikawanum (Amakawa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Plectocolea horikawana Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 32 (7): 219, 1957 (Amakawa 1957d).

*** Solenostoma hyalinum (Lyell) Mitt., Nat. hist. Azores: 319, 1870 (Mitten 1870). Bas.: Jungermannia hyalina Lyell, Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 63, 1814 (Hooker 1814).

*** Solenostoma infuscum (Mitt.) Hentschel, Pl. Syst. Evol. 268 (1/4): 152, 2007 (Hentschel et al. 2007a). Bas.: Plectocolea infusca Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3 (3): 196, 1891 (Mitten 1891).

*** Solenostoma infuscum var. ovicalyx (Steph.) Potemkin et Sofronova, Liverworts and Hornworts of Russia 1: 288, 2009 (Potemkin and Sofronova 2009). Bas.: Solenostoma ovicalyx Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 82, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

** Solenostoma kurilense (Bakalin) Váňa, Phytotaxa 152 (1): 40, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013c). Bas.: Plectocolea flagellata var. kurilensis Bakalin, Arctoa 18: 90, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin et al. 2009b).

* Solenostoma lixingjiangii (C.Gao et X.L.Bai) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 504, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia lixingjiangii C.Gao et X.L.Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 128, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

*** Solenostoma marginatum (S.Hatt.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 983, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Plectocolea marginata S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 40, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948a).

*** Solenostoma micranthum (Mitt.) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Plectocolea micrantha Mitt., Fl. vit.: 405, 1871 [1873] (Mitten 1871).

** Solenostoma montanum (Steph.) Váňa, Phytotaxa 65: 44, 2012 (Váňa et al. 2012d). Bas.: Nardia montana Steph., Hedwigia 28 (3): 164, 1889 (Stephani 1889d).

* Solenostoma multicarpum (C.Gao et J.Sun) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia multicarpa C.Gao et J.Sun, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 27 (2): 139, 2007 (Sun and Duan 2007).

** Solenostoma nilgiriense (A.Alam, Ad.Kumar et S.C.Srivast.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia nilgiriensis A.Alam, Ad.Kumar et S.C.Srivast., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 49 (1/4): 220, 2007 (Alam et al. 2007).

*** Solenostoma obliquifolium (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Nardia obliquifolia Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 191, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Solenostoma onraedtii (Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia onraedtii Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9 (3): 282, 1974 (Váňa 1974a).

* Solenostoma orbicularifolium (Piippo ex C.Gao et Bai) Váňa, Phytotaxa 222 (2): 199, 2015 (Söderström et al. 2015d). Bas.: Jungermannia orbicularifolia Piippo ex C.Gao et Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 129, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

*** Solenostoma otianum (S.Hatt.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 984, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Plectocolea otiana S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 28 (6): 183, 1953 (Hattori 1953b).

*** Solenostoma ovalifolium (Amakawa) Váňa, Phytotaxa 152 (1): 40, 2013 (Váňa et al. 2013c). Bas.: Plectocolea infusca var. ovalifolia Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 34 (4): 115, 1959 (Amakawa 1959b).

*** Solenostoma paroicum (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49 (2): 402, 1953 (Schuster 1953). Bas.: Nardia paroica Schiffn., Lotos 58: 320, 1910 (Schiffner 1910d).

*** Solenostoma plagiochilaceum (Grolle) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia plagiochilacea Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 58: 197, 1985 (Grolle 1985b).

*** Solenostoma polyrhizoides (Grolle ex Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia polyrhizoides Grolle ex Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 262, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma radicellosum Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 8 (31): 156, 1864 [1865] (Mitten 1864a).

*** Solenostoma renauldii (Steph.) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia renauldii Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 30 (2): 201, 1891 [1892] (Stephani 1891b).

*** Solenostoma rigidulum (S.Hatt.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 983, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Plectocolea rigidula S.Hatt., J. Jap. Bot. 27 (2): 53, 1952 (Hattori 1952b).

*** Solenostoma rosulans (Steph.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 507, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Nardia rosulans Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (2): 101, 1897 (Stephani 1897b).

*** Solenostoma rotundatum Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 31 (2): 50, 1956 (Amakawa 1956).

*** Solenostoma rubripunctatum (S.Hatt.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 898, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Plectocolea rubripunctata S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 41, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948a).

* Solenostoma rupicola (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 507, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia rupicola Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 22: 23, 1960 (Amakawa 1960b). 91

*** Solenostoma sikkimense (Schiffn. ex Steph.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 508, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia sikkimensis Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 92, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Solenostoma tetragonum (Lindenb.) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 509, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia tetragona Lindenb., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6 (25): 462, 1848 (Meissner 1848).

* Solenostoma tetragonum var. kodaikanalense A.Alam, D.Sharma et So.Yadav, Phytotaxonomy 12: 70, 2012 (Alam et al. 2012).

*** Solenostoma torticalyx (Steph.) C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 69, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981). Bas.: Jungermannia torticalyx Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 94, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Solenostoma truncatum (Nees) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 509, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia truncata Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Javae: 29, 1830 (Nees 1830).

** Solenostoma truncatum var. setulosum (Herzog) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Plectocolea setulosa Herzog, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 14: 33, 1955 (Herzog and Noguchi 1955).

*** Solenostoma tuberculiferum (Herzog) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 138, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Aplozia tuberculifera Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 84, 1932 (Herzog 1932a).

*** Solenostoma unispire (Amakawa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 138, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Plectocolea unispiris Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 29 (6): 178, 1954 (Amakawa 1954).

*** Solenostoma virgatum (Mitt.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Plectocolea virgata Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3 (3): 197, 1891 (Mitten 1891).

*** Solenostoma vulcanicola (Schiffn.) Nyushko ex Potemkin et Sofronova, Liverworts and Hornworts of Russia 1: 289, 2009 (Potemkin and Sofronova 2009). Bas.: Nardia vulcanicola Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 191, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

* Solenostoma zangmuii (C.Gao et X.L.Bai) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia zangmuii C.Gao et X.L.Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 135, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

** subg. Solenostoma

*** Solenostoma amoenum (Lindenb. et Gottsche) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia amoena Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 674, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Solenostoma amplexifolium (Hampe) Váňa et Schäf.-Verw., Acta Bot. Hung. 51 (3/4): 408, 2009 (Schäfer-Verwimp and Pócs 2009). Bas.: Plagiochila amplexifolia Hampe, Nov. Stirp. Pug. 7: 6, 1838 (Lehmann 1838).

** Solenostoma appalachianum R.M.Schust. ex Bakalin, Arctoa 23: 127, 2014 (Bakalin 2014). Based on: Solenostoma appalachianum R.M.Schust., Rhodora 60 (717): 246, 1958 (Schuster 1958a), nom. inval. 92

*** Solenostoma appressifolium (Mitt.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 494, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia appressifolia Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 91, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c). 93

*** Solenostoma appressifolium var. minor (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 495, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia clavellata var. minor Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 25, 1963 (Amakawa 1963).

*** Solenostoma appressifolium var. nigricans (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 495, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia decolyana var. nigricans Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 185, 1967 (Amakawa 1967b).

*** Solenostoma ariadne (Taylor) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 495, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia ariadne Taylor, Nov. Stirp. Pug. 8: 9, 1844 (Lehmann 1844).

*** Solenostoma atrobrunneum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 495, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia atrobrunnea Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 192, 1967 (Amakawa 1967b).

*** Solenostoma atrorevolutum (Grolle ex Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 496, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia atrorevoluta Grolle ex Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 255, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma atrovirens Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 493 (55), 1901 (Stephani 1901a).

*** Solenostoma baueri (Schiffn.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 495 (57), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Aplozia baueri Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 195, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Solenostoma bengalense (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 496, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia bengalensis Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 112, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

** Solenostoma breviflorum Kashyap et R.S.Chopra, Liverworts W. Himal. 2: 85, 1932 (Kashyap and Chopra 1932).

*** Solenostoma caeleste (Inoue et Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia caelestis Inoue et Váňa, Stud. Cryptog. Papua N. Guinea: 16, 1979 (Inoue 1979b).

* Solenostoma caoi (C.Gao et X.L.Bai) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 496, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia caoi C.Gao et X.L.Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 152, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

*** Solenostoma caucasicum (Váňa) Konstant., Arctoa 1: 123, 1992 (Konstantinova et al. 1992). Bas.: Jungermannia caucasica Váňa, Preslia 42: 96, 1970 (Váňa 1970a).

*** Solenostoma chenianum (C.Gao, Y.H.Wu et Grolle) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 496, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia cheniana C.Gao, Y.H.Wu et Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 77 (1/2): 190, 2003 (Gao et al. 2003).

*** Solenostoma clavellatum Mitt. ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 491 (53), 1901 (Stephani 1901a).

*** Solenostoma confertissimum (Nees) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 17: 239, 1980 (Shliakov 1980b). Bas.: Jungermannia confertissima Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 1: 291, 1833 (Nees 1833c).

*** Solenostoma coniflorum (Schiffn.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 497 (59), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia coniflora Schiffn., Leberm., Forschungsr. Gazelle 4 (4): 10, 1890 (Schiffner 1890).

*** Solenostoma crassulum (Nees et Mont.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 497 (59), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia crassula Nees et Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 5: 54, 1836 (Nees and Montagne 1836).

** Solenostoma cryptogynum R.M.Schust. ex J.J.Engel, Novon 17 (3): 311, 2007 (Engel 2007). Based on: Solenostoma cryptogynum R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 380, 2002 (Schuster 2002b), nom. inval.

*** Solenostoma cyclops (S.Hatt.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 945, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia cyclops S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 5, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948b).

*** Solenostoma diversiclavellatum (Amakawa et Grolle) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 501, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia diversiclavellata Amakawa et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 107, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

*** Solenostoma dulongense Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 497, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009).

*** Solenostoma exsertum (A.Evans) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 490 (52), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Nardia exserta A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 259, 1891 (Evans 1891).

*** Solenostoma faurieanum (Beauverd) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 2: 945, 1969 (Schuster 1969b). Bas.: Jungermannia faurieana Beauverd, Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 571, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Solenostoma flagellare (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 501, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia flagellaris Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 258, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma flavorevolutum (Váňa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 501, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia flavorevoluta Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 63, 1972 [1973] (Váňa 1972b).

*** Solenostoma grollei (D.G.Long et Váňa) K.Feldberg, Hentschel, Bombosch, D.G.Long, Váňa et Heinrichs, Pl. Syst. Evol. 280 (3/4): 244, 2009 (Feldberg et al. 2009). Bas.: Gottschelia grollei D.G.Long et Váňa, J. Bryol. 29 (3): 167, 2007 (Long and Váňa 2007).

*** Solenostoma grosseverrucosum (Amakawa et S.Hatt.) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 39, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Horikawaella grosseverrucosa Amakawa et S.Hatt., Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 8: 216, 1975 (Hattori 1975e).

*** Solenostoma heterolimbatum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 503, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia heterolimbata Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 183, 1967 (Amakawa 1967b).

*** Solenostoma hewsoniae (Amakawa et Grolle) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 136, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia hewsoniae Amakawa et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 108, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

*** Solenostoma hiugaense Amakawa, J. Jap. Bot. 31 (2): 47, 1956 (Amakawa 1956).

*** Solenostoma indrodayanum (Sushil K.Singh et D.K.Singh) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 503, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia indrodayana Sushil K.Singh et D.K.Singh, Cryptog. Bryol. 28 (2): 103, 2007 (Singh and Singh 2007b).

*** Solenostoma inundatum (Hook.f. et Taylor) Mitt. ex Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 490 (52), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia inundata Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 559, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844d).

*** Solenostoma javanicum (Schiffn.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 494 (56), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Aplozia javanica Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 193, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

** Solenostoma kanaii (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 503, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia kanaii Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 194, 1967 (Amakawa 1967b).

*** Solenostoma kashyapii (S.C.Srivast., S.Srivast. et D.Sharma) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 503, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia kashyapii S.C.Srivast., S.Srivast. et D.Sharma, Lindbergia 28 (3): 131, 2003 (Srivastava et al. 2003).

*** Solenostoma lanigerum (Mitt.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 503, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia lanigera Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 91, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Solenostoma macrocarpum (Schiffn. ex Steph.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 504, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia macrocarpa Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 87, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Solenostoma mamatkulovii (Váňa et Zerov) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia mamatkulovii Váňa et Zerov, Preslia 49: 181, 1977 (Váňa 1977).

* Solenostoma microphyllum C.Gao, Fl. Hepat. Chin. Boreali-Orient.: 206, 1981 (Gao and Chang 1981).

* Solenostoma microrevolutum (C.Gao et X.L.Bai) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia microrevoluta C.Gao et X.L.Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 146, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

*** Solenostoma mildbraedii (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 387, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Jungermannia mildbraedii Steph., Wiss. Ergebn. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped. (1907-08), Bot. 2: 113, 1911 (Stephani 1911a).

*** Solenostoma niveum (Grolle) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 137, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia nivea Grolle, Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 6 (1): 1, 1971 (Grolle 1971c).

* Solenostoma novazelandiae R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 380, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). 94

*** Solenostoma ohbae (Amakawa) C.Gao, Bryofl. Xizang: 495, 1985 (Li 1985). Bas.: Jungermannia ohbae Amakawa, Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 8: 218, 1975 (Hattori 1975e).

*** Solenostoma orbiculatum (Colenso) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 119: 380, 2002 (Schuster 2002b). Bas.: Gymnomitrion orbiculatum Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 236, 1886 (Colenso 1886b).

*** Solenostoma parvitextum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia parvitexta Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 187, 1967 (Amakawa 1967b).

*** Solenostoma patoniae (Grolle, D.B.Schill et D.G.Long) K.Feldberg, Hentschel, Bombosch, D.G.Long, Váňa et Heinrichs, Pl. Syst. Evol. 280 (3/4): 244, 2009 (Feldberg et al. 2009). Bas.: Gottschelia patoniae Grolle, D.B.Schill et D.G.Long, J. Bryol. 25 (1): 3, 2003 (Grolle et al. 2003).

*** Solenostoma pocsii (Váňa) Bakalin, Arctoa 18: 160, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin and Vilnet 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia pocsii Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 10 (4): 365, 1975 (Váňa 1975b).

*** Solenostoma poeltii (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 505, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia poeltii Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 258, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma pseudocyclops (Inoue) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 506, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia pseudocyclops Inoue, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 9 (1): 37, 1966 (Inoue 1966a).

** Solenostoma pseudopyriflorum Bakalin et Vilnet, Arctoa 18: 159, 2009 [2010] (Bakalin and Vilnet 2009).

*** Solenostoma purpuratum (Mitt.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 489 (51), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia purpurata Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 91, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Solenostoma pyriflorum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 83, 1917 (Stephani 1917a). 95

*** Solenostoma pyriflorum var. gracillimum (Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 506, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia pyriflora var. gracillima Amakawa, Fl. E. Himalaya 2: 228, 1971 (Hattori 1971a).

** Solenostoma pyriflorum var. major (S.Hatt.) Bakalin, Arctoa 17: 230, 2008 [2009] (Bakalin 2008a). Bas.: Jungermannia monticola f. major S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 3: 8, 1948 [1950] (Hattori 1948b).

*** Solenostoma pyriflorum var. minutissimum (Amakawa) Bakalin, Arctoa 16: 208, 2007 [2008] (Bakalin 2007). Bas.: Jungermannia pyriflora var. minutissima Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 22: 61, 1960 (Amakawa 1960b). 96

*** Solenostoma raujeanum (Grolle ex Amakawa) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 507, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia raujeana Grolle ex Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 262, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma riclefii Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 507, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Nom. nov. pro Jungermannia grollei Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 29: 260, 1966 (Amakawa 1966).

*** Solenostoma sanguinolentum (Griff.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 489 (51), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia sanguinolenta Griff., Not. pl. asiat. 2: 302, 1849 (Griffith 1849).

*** Solenostoma schaulianum (Steph.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 508, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia schauliana Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 90, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

*** Solenostoma shimizuanum (S.Hatt. ex Váňa) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 138, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Jungermannia shimizuana S.Hatt. ex Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 315, 1972 (Váňa 1972a).

*** Solenostoma speciosum (Horik.) Hentschel, K.Feldberg, Bombosch, D.G.Long, Váňa et Heinrichs, Pl. Syst. Evol. 280 (3/4): 244, 2009 (Feldberg et al. 2009). Bas.: Anastrophyllum speciosum Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 147, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

** Solenostoma speciosum subsp. villosum (R.M.Schust.) Hentschel, K.Feldberg, Bombosch, D.G.Long, Váňa et Heinrichs, Pl. Syst. Evol. 280 (3/4): 246, 2009 (Feldberg et al. 2009). Bas.: Scaphophyllum speciosum subsp. villosum R.M.Schust., Bryologist 101 (3): 434, 1998 (Schuster 1998b).

*** Solenostoma sphaerocarpum (Hook.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 499 (61), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Jungermannia sphaerocarpa Hook., Brit. Jungermann.: tab. 74, 1815 (Hooker 1815).

*** Solenostoma stephanii (Schiffn.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (5): 496 (58), 1901 (Stephani 1901a). Bas.: Aplozia stephanii Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 195, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Solenostoma stoloniferum (Steph.) S.W.Arnell, Hepat. South Africa: 316, 1963 (Arnell 1963b). Bas.: Nardia stolonifera Steph., Hedwigia 31 (3): 128, 1892 (Stephani 1892d).

*** Solenostoma strictum (Schiffn.) Váňa, Hentschel et Heinrichs, Cryptog. Bryol. 31 (2): 138, 2010 (Váňa et al. 2010a). Bas.: Aplozia stricta Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 194, 1898 (Schiffner 1898a).

*** Solenostoma subacutum (Herzog) Váňa, Crand.-Stotl. et Stotler, Syst. Bot. 40 (1): 39, 2015 (Shaw et al. 2015). Bas.: Anastrophyllum subacutum Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 12: 75, 1939 (Herzog 1939b).

*** Solenostoma subrubrum (Schiffn. ex Steph.) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 508, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia subrubra Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 93, 1917 (Stephani 1917a).

* Solenostoma sunii Bakalin et Vilnet, Bot. Pacifica 3 (2): 15, 2014 (Bakalin et al. 2014).

* Solenostoma totopapillosum (E.A.Hodgs.) R.M.Schust., Bryologist 100 (3): 366, 1997 (Schuster 1997a). Bas.: Jungermannia totopapillosa E.A.Hodgs., J. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 2 (1): 111, 1972 (Hodgson 1972). 97

*** Solenostoma udarii (S.C.Srivast. et P.Singh) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia udarii S.C.Srivast. et P.Singh, Recent Stud. Indian Bryoph.: 152, 1995 (Srivastava and Singh 1995).

* Solenostoma ventroversum (Grolle) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia ventroversa Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 284, 1966 (Grolle 1966k). 98

*** Solenostoma zantenii (Amakawa) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia zantenii Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 110, 1968 (Amakawa 1968b).

* Solenostoma zengii (C.Gao et X.L.Bai) Váňa et D.G.Long, Nova Hedwigia 89 (3/4): 510, 2009 (Váňa and Long 2009). Bas.: Jungermannia zengii C.Gao et X.L.Bai, Philipp. Scientist 38: 151, 2001 (Gao and Bai 2001).

*** Southbyaceae Váňa, Crand.-Stotl., Stotler et D.G.Long

by J. Váňa

Southbyaceae has traditionally been placed in Arnelliaceae (e.g. Crandall-Stotler et al. 2009) or kept as a separate family (e.g. Vanden Berghen 1957) that has never been validated. However, it was re-established, rearranged and validated in the study by Váňa et al. (2012e).

*** Gongylanthus Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 405, 1836 (Nees 1836).

*** Gongylanthus dusenii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 385 (41), 1906 (Stephani 1906a).

*** Gongylanthus ericetorum (Raddi) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 2: 407, 1836 (Nees 1836). Bas.: Calypogeia ericetorum Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 31, 1818 (Raddi 1818a).

*** Gongylanthus granatensis (Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 385 (41), 1906 (Stephani 1906a). Bas.: Lindigina granatensis Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 138, 1864 (Gottsche 1864).

*** Gongylanthus himalayensis Grolle, Khumbu Himal 1 (4): 285, 1966 (Grolle 1966k).

*** Gongylanthus javanicus Grolle, J. Jap. Bot. 40 (7): 206, 1965 (Grolle 1965d).

*** Gongylanthus liebmanianus (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 388 (44), 1906 (Stephani 1906a). Bas.: Gymnanthe liebmaniana Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 712, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

*** Gongylanthus limbatus (Herzog) Grolle et Váňa, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9 (2): 198, 1974 (Váňa 1974c). Bas.: Aplozia limbata Herzog, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 61B (3): 561, 1942 (Herzog 1942d).

*** Gongylanthus muelleri (Gottsche) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 388 (44), 1906 (Stephani 1906a). Bas.: Lindigia muelleri Gottsche, Mexik. Leverm.: 121, 1863 (Gottsche 1863).

** Gongylanthus oniscoides (Spruce) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 386 (42), 1906 (Stephani 1906a). Bas.: Calypogeia oniscoides Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 448, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Gongylanthus richardsii E.W.Jones, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 4 (4): 650, 1964 (Jones 1964).

*** Southbya Spruce, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (ser. 2) 3 (18): 501, 1849 (Spruce 1849).

*** Southbya gollanii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 6 (5): 381 (37), 1906 (Stephani 1906a).

*** Southbya nigrella (De Not.) Henriq., Bol. Soc. Brot. 4: 244, 1886 [1887] (Henriques 1886). Bas.: Jungermannia nigrella De Not., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino (ser. 2) 1: 315, 1838 (De Notaris 1838).

*** Southbya organensis Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 25: 53, 1950 (Herzog 1950c).

*** Southbya tophacea (Spruce) Spruce, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (ser. 2) 3 (18): 501, 1849 (Spruce 1849). Bas.: Jungermannia tophacea Spruce, Hep. Pyr. Exsic.: no. 23, 1847 (Spruce 1847).

** Stephaniellaceae R.M.Schust

by J. Váňa

In the absence of molecular data, the phylogenetic affinities of Stephaniella and Stephaniellidium remain equivocal, but there is no evidence to support their placement in either the Arnelliaceae or Southbyaceae where they have been placed recently. Thus the family as construed by Schuster (2002b) is retained.

*** Stephaniella J.B.Jack, Hedwigia 33 (1): 11, 1894 (Jack 1894).

* Stephaniella boliviensis Steph., Biblioth. Bot. 87 (2): 182, 1916 (Stephani 1916a).

*** Stephaniella hamata Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 1 (10): 1024 (87), 1901 (Stephani 1901c).

*** Stephaniella paraphyllina J.B.Jack, Hedwigia 33 (1): 11, 1894 (Jack 1894).

*** Stephaniella rostrata U.Schmitt, Österr. Bot. Z. 115 (2): 124, 1968 (Schmitt and Winkler 1968).

*** Stephaniella uncifolia S.Winkl., Österr. Bot. Z. 115 (2): 124, 1968 (Schmitt and Winkler 1968).

** Stephaniellidium S.Winkl. ex Grolle, Acta Bot. Fenn. 121: 38, 1983 (Grolle 1983b). Based on: Stephaniellidium S.Winkl., Mitt. Inst. Colombo-Alemán Invest. Ci. 3: 60, 1969 (Winkler 1969).

*** Stephaniellidium sleumeri (Müll.Frib.) S.Winkl. ex Grolle, Acta Bot. Fenn. 121: 38, 1983 (Grolle 1983b). Bas.: Stephaniella sleumeri Müll.Frib., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 20 (1/2): 177, 1951 (Müller 1951b).

*** Trichotemnomataceae R.M.Schust

*** Trichotemnoma R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 440, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Trichotemnoma corrugatum (Steph.) R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 440, 1968 (Schuster 1968b). Bas.: Blepharostoma corrugatum Steph., Hedwigia 32 (5): 315, 1893 (Stephani 1893d).

Lophocoleineae Schljakov
*** Blepharostomataceae W.Frey et M.Stech

The recognition of Blepharostomataceae follows Frey and Stech (2008) following reconsideration of molecular and morphological data available at that time.

*** Blepharostoma (Dumort.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia sect. Blepharostoma Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 65, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

** Blepharostoma arachnoideum M.Howe, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 140, 1899 (Howe 1899).

** Blepharostoma indicum G.Asthana, M.Saxena et Maurya, J. Bryol. 35 (4): 267, 2013 (Asthana et al. 2013).

** Blepharostoma minor Horik., Hikobia 1 (2): 104, 1951 [1952] (Horikawa 1951b).

*** Blepharostoma trichophyllum (L.) Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 18, 1835 (Dumortier 1835). Bas.: Jungermannia trichophylla L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1135, 1753 (Linnaeus 1753).

** Blepharostoma trichophyllum subsp. brevirete (Bryhn et Kaal.) R.M.Schust., Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 164: 16, 1959 (Schuster et al. 1959). Bas.: Blepharostoma trichophyllum var. brevirete Bryhn et Kaal., Rep. Second Norweg. Arctic Exped. 11: 46, 1906 (Bryhn 1906).

*** Brevianthaceae J.J.Engel et R.M.Schust

by L. Söderström, J. Váňa, R. Stotler, B.J. Crandall-Stotler and J.J. Engel

The treatment of Brevianthaceae follows Söderström et al. (2013b).

*** Brevianthus J.J.Engel et R.M.Schust., Phytologia 47 (4): 317, 1981 (Engel and Schuster 1981).

*** Brevianthus flavus (Grolle) J.J.Engel et R.M.Schust., Phytologia 47 (4): 318, 1981 (Engel and Schuster 1981). Bas.: Jackiella flava Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 222, 1970 (Grolle 1970b).

** Brevianthus flavus subsp. crenulatus J.J.Engel, Nova Hedwigia 93 (3/4): 406, 2011 (Engel 2011).

* Brevianthus hypocanthidium M.A.M.Renner et J.J.Engel, PhytoKeys 50: 46, 2015 (Renner et al. 2015).

*** Tetracymbaliella Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 3 (1): 48, 1961 (Grolle 1961b).

** Tetracymbaliella comptonii (Pearson) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 32 (3/4): 164, 1963 [1964] (Grolle 1963d). Bas.: Chiloscyphus comptonii Pearson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46 (305): 23, 1922 (Pearson 1922b).

*** Tetracymbaliella cymbalifera (Hook.f. et Taylor) Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 3 (1): 50, 1961 (Grolle 1961b). Bas.: Jungermannia cymbalifera Hook.f. et Taylor, Bot. Antarct. Voy. I (Fl. Antarct. 1): 151, 1845 (Taylor and Hooker 1845).

*** Tetracymbaliella decipiens (Gottsche) Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 3 (1): 49, 1961 (Grolle 1961b). Bas.: Chiloscyphus decipiens Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 2: 176, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Tetracymbaliella subsimplex (Austin) J.J.Engel, Phytotaxa 207 (2): 185, 2015 (Engel 2015b). Bas.: Polyotus subsimplex Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (7): 46, 1875 (Austin 1875c).

** Chonecoleaceae R.M.Schust. ex Grolle

** Chonecolea Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 25 (3/4): 294, 1956 [1957] (Grolle 1956).

** Chonecolea acutiloba (Schiffn.) R.M.Schust., Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 4: 321, 1980 (Schuster 1980c). Bas.: Clasmatocolea acutiloba Schiffn., Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 111: 63, 1964 (Schiffner and Arnell 1964).

** Chonecolea andina Grolle et Váňa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 48: 229, 1980 (Váňa 1980).

** Chonecolea doellingeri (Nees) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 25 (3/4): 295, 1956 [1957] (Grolle 1956). Bas.: Jungermannia doellingeri Nees, Syn. Hepat. 1: 104, 1844 (Gottsche et al. 1844).

** Chonecolea ruwenzorensis E.W.Jones, J. Bryol. 13 (4): 498, 1986 (Jones 1986).

** Chonecolea schusteri Udar et Ad.Kumar, Bryologist 85 (3): 315, 1982 (Udar and Kumar 1982a).

** Chonecolea verae Potemkin, Proc. int. meeting 90th anniv. Abramova: 165, 2005 (Potemkin 2005).

** Grolleaceae Solari ex R.M.Schust

** Grollea R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 8 (3/4): 288, 1964 (Schuster 1964b).

** Grollea antheliopsis R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 8 (3/4): 288, 1964 (Schuster 1964b).

*** Herbertaceae Müll.Frib. ex Fulford et Hatcher

by D. Bell

*** Herbertus Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 705, 1821 (Gray 1821). 99

*** Herbertus aduncus (Dicks.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 705, 1821 (Gray 1821). Bas.: Jungermannia adunca Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 3: 12, 1793 (Dickson 1793).

** Herbertus arcticus (Inoue et Steere) Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizš. Rast. 19: 209, 1982 (Shliakov 1982). Bas.: Herbertus sakuraii subsp. arcticus Inoue et Steere, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 44: 266, 1978 (Steere and Inoue 1978).

** Herbertus armitanus (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 324, 1965 (Miller 1965). Bas.: Schisma armitanum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 28, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus asparus Tixier, Bryophyt. Biblioth. 18: 64, 1979 (Tixier 1979a).

*** Herbertus bivittatus Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 343, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Herbertus borealis Crundw., Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 6 (1): 41, 1970 (Crundwell 1970).

** Herbertus buchii Juslén, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 43 (6): 416, 2006 (Juslén 2006a).

** Herbertus ceylanicus (Steph.) Abeyw., Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 2 (1): 43, 1959 (Abeywickrama 1959). Bas.: Schisma ceylanicum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 22, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus circinatus (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 318, 1965 (Miller 1965). Bas.: Schisma circinatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 25, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

*** Herbertus delavayi (Steph.) Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 43, 1895 (Stephani 1895c). Bas.: Schisma delavayi Steph., Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 29: 228, 1894 (Stephani 1894b). 100

*** Herbertus dicranus (Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 397, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Sendtnera dicrana Gottsche, Lindenb. et Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 239, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Herbertus durandii (Steph.) Herzog, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 11 (1): 25, 1938 [1939] (Herzog 1938a). Bas.: Schisma durandii Steph., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 6 (1): 99, 1901 (Stephani 1901e).

* Herbertus evittatus (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 327, 1965 (Miller 1965). Bas.: Schisma evittatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 357, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

** Herbertus gaochienii X.Fu, Fl. Bryoph. Sin. 9: 38, 2003 (Gao 2003).

** Herbertus gracilis (Mont.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (10): 842, 1897 (Stephani 1897c). Bas.: Mastigophora gracilis Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 254, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

** Herbertus guangdongii P.J.Lin ex Piippo, Bryobrothera 1: 206, 1992 (Lin et al. 1992).

** Herbertus hawaiiensis H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 317, 1965 (Miller 1965).

** Herbertus helleri (Steph.) W.E.Nicholson, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 13: 143, 1942 (Nicholson 1942). Bas.: Schisma helleri Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 29, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus herpocladioides E.B.Scott et H.A.Mill., Bryologist 62 (2): 116, 1959 (Scott and Miller 1959).

*** Herbertus hutchinsiae (Gottsche et Rabenh.) A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 44 (4): 214, 1917 (Evans 1917c). Bas.: Sendtnera adunca var. hutchinsiae Gottsche et Rabenh., Hepat. Eur., Leberm. 21-22: no. 210, 1862 (Rabenhorst 1862).

*** Herbertus juniperoideus (Sw.) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 30 (1/2): 80, 1961 (Grolle 1961a). Bas.: Jungermannia juniperoidea Sw., Prodr. (Swartz): 144, 1788 (Swartz 1788). 101

*** Herbertus juniperoideus subsp. acanthelius (Spruce) K.Feldberg et Heinrichs, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 151: 326, 2006 (Feldberg and Heinrichs 2006). Bas.: Herbertus acanthelius Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 341, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Herbertus juniperoideus subsp. pensilis (Taylor) K.Feldberg et Heinrichs, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 151: 329, 2006 (Feldberg and Heinrichs 2006). Bas.: Sendtnera pensilis Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 372, 1846 (Taylor 1846b).

** Herbertus kurzii (Steph.) R.S.Chopra, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 22: 247, 1943 (Chopra 1943). Bas.: Schisma kurzii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 24, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus leratii (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 327, 1965 (Miller 1965). Bas.: Schisma leratii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 360, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

** Herbertus lonchobasis H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 306, 1965 (Miller 1965).

** Herbertus longifissus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 44, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Herbertus longispinus J.B.Jack et Steph., Hedwigia 31 (1): 15, 1892 (Jack and Stephani 1892).

** Herbertus mauritianus N.G.Hodgetts, J. Bryol. 30 (4): 247, 2008 (Hodgetts 2008).

*** Herbertus norenus D.G.Long, D.Bell et H.H.Blom, Molec. Ecol. Res. 12: 44, 2012 (Bell et al. 2012).

** Herbertus oldfieldianus (Steph.) Rodway, Tasm. Bryoph.: 72, 1917 (Rodway 1917b). Bas.: Schisma oldfieldianum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 20, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus pilifer Schiffn., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 60 (2): 252, 1893 (Schiffner 1893a).

** Herbertus pocsii N.G.Hodgetts, J. Bryol. 30 (4): 249, 2008 (Hodgetts 2008).

** Herbertus pumilus Steph., Hedwigia 34 (2): 44, 1895 (Stephani 1895c).

** Herbertus ramosus (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 314, 1965 (Miller 1965). Bas.: Schisma ramosum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 4: 23, 1909 (Stephani 1909d).

** Herbertus runcinatus (Taylor) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 397, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Sendtnera runcinata Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 372, 1846 (Taylor 1846b).

*** Herbertus sendtneri (Nees) Lindb., Hepat. Scand. Exsicc.: no. 4, 1874 (Lindberg and Lackström 1874). Bas.: Schisma sendtneri Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 3: 575, 1838 (Nees 1838b).

** Herbertus spicatus N.G.Hodgetts, J. Bryol. 30 (4): 244, 2008 (Hodgetts 2008).

*** Herbertus stramineus (Dumort.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 397, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Schisma stramineum Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 77, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

** Herbertus streimannii M.L.So, Syst. Bot. 28 (1): 13, 2003 (So 2003).

*** Herbertus tenuis A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 44 (4): 219, 1917 (Evans 1917c).

** Herbertus udarii D.Kumar et N.Manocha, Geophytology 29 (1/2): 105, 1999 [2000] (Kumar and Manocha 1999).

Excluded from the genus

* Herbertus subrotundatus X.Fu et Y.J.Yi, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39 (1): 89, 2001 (Yi et al. 2001). 102

*** Triandrophyllum Fulford et Hatcher, Bryologist 64 (4): 349, 1961 [1962] (Fulford and Hatcher 1961). Based on: Triandrophyllum Fulford et Hatcher, Bryologist 61 (4): 277, 1958 [1959] (Fulford and Hatcher 1958).

*** Triandrophyllum eophyllum (R.M.Schust.) Gradst., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 86: 104, 2001 (Gradstein et al. 2001a). Bas.: Olgantha eophylla R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 63 (3/4): 535, 1996 (Schuster 1996b).

** Triandrophyllum fernandeziense (S.W.Arnell) Grolle ex Fulford et Hatcher, Bryologist 64 (4): 351, 1961 [1962] (Fulford and Hatcher 1961). Bas.: Acromastigum fernandeziense S.W.Arnell, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 4 (1): 10, 1957 (Arnell 1957b).

** Triandrophyllum heterophyllum (Steph.) Grolle, J. Jap. Bot. 39 (8): 238, 1964 (Grolle 1964g). Bas.: Mastigophora heterophylla Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 367, 1922 (Stephani 1922).

*** Triandrophyllum subtrifidum (Hook.f. et Taylor) Fulford et Hatcher, Bryologist 64 (4): 350, 1961 [1962] (Fulford and Hatcher 1961). Bas.: Jungermannia subtrifida Hook.f. et Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 579, 1844 (Hooker and Taylor 1844c).

** Triandrophyllum subtrifidum var. trifidum (Gottsche) Solari, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 15 (2/3): 201, 1973 (Solari 1973). Bas.: Sendtnera trifida Gottsche, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 5) 1: 142, 1864 (Gottsche 1864).

** Triandrophyllum symmetricum J.J.Engel, Haussknechtia, Beih. 9: 115, 1999 (Engel 1999b).

*** Lepicoleaceae R.M.Schust

by M. von Konrat

Lepicoleaceae has conventionally been considered a monogeneric family only containing Lepicolea (e.g. Crandall-Stotler et al. 2009). However, we expand Lepicoleaceae here to include the monogeneric family Vetaformaceae. A number of molecular analyses have shown that Vetaforma dusenii is sister to Lepicolea (e.g. He-Nygrén et al. 2006, Juslén 2006b) together forming a robust clade.

*** Lepicolea Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm.: 20, 1835 (Dumortier 1835).

*** Lepicolea attenuata (Mitt.) Steph., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29 (201): 276, 1892 (Stephani 1892b). Bas.: Sendtnera attenuata Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 153, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

*** Lepicolea magellanica (Gola) Solari, Lindbergia 9 (2): 86, 1983 (Solari 1983b). Bas.: Lepicolea scolopendra var. magellanica Gola, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. (n.ser.) 29 (1/4): 170, 1922 [1923] (Gola 1922).

*** Lepicolea norrisii Piippo, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 25 (1): 55, 1988 (Piippo 1988).

*** Lepicolea ochroleuca (Spreng.) Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 345, 1885 (Spruce 1885). Bas.: Jungermannia ochroleuca Spreng. Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 4 (2): 325, 1827 (Sprengel 1827b).

*** Lepicolea pruinosa (Taylor) Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 345, 1885 (Spruce 1885). Bas.: Sendtnera pruinosa Taylor, London J. Bot. 5: 373, 1846 (Taylor 1846b).

*** Lepicolea ramentifissa Herzog, Biblioth. Bot. 88: 30, 1920 [1921] (Herzog 1920).

*** Lepicolea rara (Steph.) Grolle, Nova Hedwigia 16: 152, 1968 (Grolle 1968d). Bas.: Lepidozia rara Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 618, 1909 (Stephani 1909a). 103

*** Lepicolea rigida (De Not.) E.B.Scott, Nova Hedwigia 2: 148, 1960 (Scott 1960). Bas.: Sendtnera rigida De Not., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino (ser. 2) 16: 229, 1857 (De Notaris 1857).

*** Lepicolea scolopendra (Hook.) Dumort. ex Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 398, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia scolopendra Hook., Musci Exot. 1: tab. 40, 1818 (Hooker 1818).

*** Lepicolea yakusimensis (S.Hatt.) S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 10: 42, 1953 (Hattori 1953c). Bas.: Lepicolea scolopendra var. yakusimensis S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 2: 9, 1947 [1948] (Hattori 1947b).

*** Vetaforma Fulford et J.Taylor, Nova Hedwigia 4 (1/2): 81, 1962 (Fulford 1962b).

*** Vetaforma dusenii (Steph.) Fulford et J.Taylor, Nova Hedwigia 4 (1/2): 82, 1962 (Fulford 1962b). Bas.: Lepidozia dusenii Steph., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26 (III, 6): 52, 1900 (Stephani 1900b).

*** Lepidoziaceae Limpr

by E.D. Cooper

The classification within Lepidoziaceae is in a state of flux. The treatment provided here follows the interim classification proposed by Cooper (2013) based on recent molecular phylogenetic studies (Heslewood and Brown 2007, Cooper et al. 2011, 2012a, 2012b) incorporating nomenclatural changes from Cooper et al. (2013). Several higher taxa are unlikely to represent monophyletic units, but the phylogenetic data currently available are insufficient to re-circumscribe the doubtful subfamilies and genera (Cooper 2013). Infrageneric taxa have been retained where phylogenetic data are absent or inconclusive.

** Meinungeria Frank Müll., Bryologist 110 (3): 494, 2007 (Müller 2007).

** Meinungeria mouensis Frank Müll., Bryologist 110 (3): 494, 2007 (Müller 2007).

*** Bazzanioideae Rodway

*** Acromastigum A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27 (3): 103, 1900 (Evans 1900b). 104

** subg. Acromastigum

*** Acromastigum caledonicum (Steph.) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 243, 1964 (Grolle 1964h). Bas.: Acolea caledonica Steph., Nova Caledonia, Bot. 1: 19, 1914 (Stephani 1914c).

*** Acromastigum cavifolium R.M.Schust., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 257, 1963 (Schuster 1963b).

** Acromastigum herzogii Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 250, 1964 (Grolle 1964h).

*** Acromastigum homodictyon (Herzog) Grolle, Österr. Bot. Z. 111 (2/3): 245, 1964 (Grolle 1964h). Bas.: Acromastigum integrifolium var. homodictyon Herzog, Ark. Bot. (n.ser.) 3 (3): 44, 1953 (Herzog 1953a).

** Acromastigum integrifolium (Austin) A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27 (3): 103, 1900 (Evans 1900b). Bas.: Mastigobryum integrifolium Austin, Bot. Bull. (Hanover) 1 (7): 32, 1876 (Austin 1876b).

*** Acromastigum stellare N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (4/6): 109, 1985 (Kitagawa 1985).

** Acromastigum stenophyllum R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 15: 465, 1968 (Schuster 1968b).

*** Acromastigum verticale (Steph.) E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 82 (1): 18, 1954 (Hodgson 1954). Bas.: Bazzania verticalis Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 214, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** subg. Inaequilatera (Schiffn.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 44: 2, 1978 (Grolle 1978b). Bas.: Bazzania sect. Inaequilaterae Schiffn., Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl): 101, 1893 (Schiffner 1893b).

*** Acromastigum adaptatum Hürl., Bauhinia 7 (4): 263, 1983 (Hürlimann 1983).

*** Acromastigum anisostomum (Lehm. et Lindenb.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 48, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Jungermannia anisostoma Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 57, 1834 (Lehmann 1834).

** Acromastigum anisostomum var. minutum E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 3 (4): 71, 1965 (Hodgson 1965).

** Acromastigum aurescens A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 45, 1934 (Evans 1934).

** Acromastigum bancanum (Sande Lac.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 20, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum bancanum Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 301, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

** Acromastigum brotheri (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 70, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum brotheri Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 536, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Acromastigum capillare (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 37, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum capillare Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 457, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Acromastigum colensoanum (Mitt.) A.Evans ex Reimers, Hedwigia 73 (3/4): 142, 1933 (Reimers 1933). Bas.: Mastigobryum colensoanum Mitt., Bot. antarct. voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel. 2): 147, 1854 (Mitten 1854).

*** Acromastigum cunninghamii (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 106, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Bazzania cunninghamii Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 205, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Acromastigum curtilobum A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 97, 1934 (Evans 1934).

*** Acromastigum divaricatum (Nees) A.Evans ex Reimers, Hedwigia 73 (3/4): 142, 1933 (Reimers 1933). Bas.: Mastigobryum divaricatum Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 219, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Acromastigum echinatiforme (De Not.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 64, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum echinatiforme De Not., Epat. Borneo: 38, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

* Acromastigum echinatum (Gottsche) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 147, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum echinatum Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 2: 218, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a). 105

*** Acromastigum exiguum (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 75, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum exiguum Steph., Hedwigia 25 (1): 6, 1886 (Stephani 1886e).

** Acromastigum exile (Lindenb.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 24, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum exile Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 217, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Acromastigum filum (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 31, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Bazzania filum Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 206, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

*** Acromastigum filum var. papillosum N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (4/6): 112, 1985 (Kitagawa 1985).

** Acromastigum fimbriatum (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 153, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum fimbriatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 538, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Acromastigum furcatifolium (Steph.) E.A.Br., Phytotaxa 65: 58, 2012 (Brown et al. 2012). Bas.: Lepidozia furcatifolia Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 112, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

*** Acromastigum inaequilaterum (Lehm. et Lindenb.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 129, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Jungermannia inaequilatera Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 56, 1834 (Lehmann 1834).

** Acromastigum interstisiale E.A.Br. et M.A.M.Renner, Telopea 17: 268, 2014 (Brown and Renner 2014).

** Acromastigum laetevirens (Sande Lac. ex Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 94, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum laetevirens Sande Lac. ex Steph., Hedwigia 25 (4): 133, 1886 (Stephani 1886b).

** Acromastigum laevigatum A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 101, 1934 (Evans 1934).

** Acromastigum linganum (De Not.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 118, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum linganum De Not., Epat. Borneo: 37, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

** Acromastigum lobuliferum A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 157, 1934 (Evans 1934).

** Acromastigum longirete Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 44: 11, 1978 (Grolle 1978b).

*** Acromastigum mooreanum (Steph.) E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 82 (1): 19, 1954 (Hodgson 1954). Bas.: Bazzania mooreana Steph., Hedwigia 33 (1): 1, 1894 (Stephani 1894a).

*** Acromastigum moratii N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (4/6): 119, 1985 (Kitagawa 1985).

** Acromastigum obliquatum (Mitt.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 110, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Bazzania obliquata Mitt., Hedwigia 32 (4): 211, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Acromastigum tenax (Steph.) A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 41, 1934 (Evans 1934). Bas.: Mastigobryum tenax Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 483, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

Incertae sedis

** Acromastigum fumosum E.A.Br. et M.A.M.Renner, Telopea 17: 274, 2014 (Brown and Renner 2014).

** Acromastigum leptophyllum Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 309, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

*** Acromastigum marginatum E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 82 (1): 22, 1954 (Hodgson 1954).

** Acromastigum microstictum A.Evans, Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 3: 115, 1934 (Evans 1934).

** Acromastigum prismaticale E.A.Br. et M.A.M.Renner, Telopea 17: 281, 2014 (Brown and Renner 2014).

** Acromastigum pusillum N.Kitag., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (4/6): 116, 1985 (Kitagawa 1985).

** Acromastigum rigidum R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 64 (3/4): 617, 1997 (Schuster 1997b).

** Acromastigum subechinatiforme Hürl., Bauhinia 7 (4): 266, 1983 (Hürlimann 1983).

*** Bazzania Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 704, 1821 (Gray 1821) nom. conserv. 106

*** Bazzania acanthostipa Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 381, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

*** Bazzania accreta (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum accretum Lehm. et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 222, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania acinaciformis Steph., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 81: 290, 1907 (Stephani 1907a).

** Bazzania acuminata (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum acuminatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 719, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Bazzania acutifolia (Steph.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 147, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum acutifolium Steph., Hedwigia 24 (5): 214, 1885 (Stephani 1885a).

*** Bazzania adnexa (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia adnexa Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 58, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

** Bazzania adnexa var. aucklandica (Lindenb. et Gottsche) J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Bryologist 97 (3): 319, 1994 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1994). Bas.: Mastigobryum novae-hollandiae f. aucklandicum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 8-11: 33, 1851 (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851b).

*** Bazzania affinis (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum affine Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 720, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Bazzania albifolia Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 195, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

** Bazzania ambigua (Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum ambiguum Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 217, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Bazzania amblyphylla Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 92 (3/4): 487, 2011 (Meagher 2011).

** Bazzania aneityensis (Steph.) Tixier, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (Sér. 3), Bot. 10 (190): 80, 1973 (Tixier 1973d). Bas.: Mastigobryum aneityense Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 121, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

** Bazzania angusta (Steph.) Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 307, 1950 (Herzog 1950a). Bas.: Mastigobryum angustum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 453, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania angustifalcata Herzog, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 57 (1/2): 166, 1955 (Herzog 1955).

** Bazzania angustifolia Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 198, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

** Bazzania angustisedens (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 445, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum angustisedens Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 745 (429), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

** Bazzania angustistipula N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 268, 1967 (Kitagawa 1967a).

*** Bazzania appendiculata (Mitt.) S.Hatt., Fl. E. Himalaya: 505, 1966 (Hattori 1966c). Bas.: Mastigobryum appendiculatum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 105, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

** Bazzania approximata Onr., Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 47 (1/2): 139, 1977 (Onraedt 1977).

** Bazzania arcuata (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum arcuatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 718, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Bazzania arcuata var. mamillosa Gradst. et A.R.Benitez, Nova Hedwigia 99 (1/2): 113, 2014 (Gradstein and Benitez 2014).

** Bazzania armatistipula (Steph.) Fulford, Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 3: 114, 1946 (Fulford 1946). Bas.: Mastigobryum armatistipulum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 866 (490), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania asperrima Steph., Rev. Bryol. 34 (3): 48, 1907 (Paris 1907).

* Bazzania asymmetrica (Steph.) N.Kitag., Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., B 28 (2): 77, 1979 (Kitagawa 1979a). Bas.: Mastigobryum asymmetricum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 454, 1924 (Stephani 1924). 107

** Bazzania aterrima (Steph.) N.Kitag., Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., B 26 (2): 77, 1977 (Kitagawa 1977). Bas.: Mastigobryum aterrimum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 454, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

*** Bazzania aurescens Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 374, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Bazzania avia Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 97 (3/4): 529, 2013 (Meagher 2013).

** Bazzania azorica H.Buch et Perss., Bryophyt. Azoren Madeira: 3, 1941 (Buch and Persson 1941).

** Bazzania baldwinii Austin, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 255, 1891 (Evans 1891).

** Bazzania bernieri (Steph.) Inoue et H.A.Mill., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 8 (2): 142, 1965 (Inoue and Miller 1965). Bas.: Mastigobryum bernieri Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 852 (476), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

*** Bazzania bescherellei Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 204, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Bazzania bhutanica N.Kitag. et Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 61: 269, 1986 [1987] (Kitagawa and Grolle 1986).

** Bazzania bicrenata N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 127, 1980 (Kitagawa 1980).

*** Bazzania bidens (Gottsche et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum bidens Gottsche et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 228, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania bidens var. heterodonta Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 372, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Bazzania bidentula (Steph.) Yasuda, Shokubutsugaku Kakuron: 711, 1911 (Yasuda 1911). Bas.: Pleuroschisma bidentulum Steph., Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 29: 222, 1894 (Stephani 1894b).

*** Bazzania bilobata N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 257, 1967 (Kitagawa 1967a).

** Bazzania borneensis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 37: 263, 1973 (Kitagawa 1973). Nom. nov. pro Mastigobryum borneense Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 839 (463), 1908 (Stephani 1908a), nom. illeg.

** Bazzania brasiliensis (Gottsche et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum brasiliense Gottsche et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 227, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania brighamii (Austin) A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 255, 1891 (Evans 1891). Bas.: Mastigobryum brighamii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 5 (3): 16, 1874 (Austin 1874).

** Bazzania cadens N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 129, 1980 (Kitagawa 1980).

*** Bazzania calcarata (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 149, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum calcaratum Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 304, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

** Bazzania callida (Sande Lac. ex Steph.) Abeyw., Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 2 (1): 45, 1959 (Abeywickrama 1959). Bas.: Mastigobryum callidum Sande Lac. ex Steph., Hedwigia 24 (6): 246, 1885 (Stephani 1885b).

*** Bazzania canelensis (Steph.) Fulford, Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 3: 152, 1946 (Fulford 1946). Bas.: Mastigobryum canelense Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 518, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Bazzania caudata (Steph.) Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 301, 1950 (Herzog 1950a). Bas.: Mastigobryum caudatum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 947 (497), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

*** Bazzania caudistipula (Steph.) Inoue et H.A.Mill., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 8 (2): 141, 1965 (Inoue and Miller 1965). Bas.: Mastigobryum caudistipulum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 945 (495), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania ceylanica (Mitt.) Steph., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23 (1/2, 3): 306, 1896 (Stephani 1896a). Bas.: Mastigobryum ceylanicum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 105, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

** Bazzania chilensis (Steph.) Fulford, Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 3: 51, 1946 (Fulford 1946). Bas.: Mastigobryum chilense Steph., Hedwigia 24 (6): 247, 1885 (Stephani 1885b).

*** Bazzania chimantensis Fulford, Bryologist 63 (2): 89, 1960 (Fulford 1960).

** Bazzania cincinnata (De Not.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum cincinnatum De Not., Epat. Borneo: 34, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

*** Bazzania citharodes Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 86 (3/4): 481, 2008 (Meagher 2008).

** Bazzania combinata (J.B.Jack et Steph.) Steph., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23 (1/2, 3): 306, 1896 (Stephani 1896a). Bas.: Mastigobryum combinatum J.B.Jack et Steph., Bot. Centralbl. 60 (4): 102, 1894 (Jack and Stephani 1894).

** Bazzania commutata (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 149, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum commutatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 8-11: 97, 1851 (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851b).

* Bazzania comorensis Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 30 (2): 197, 1891 [1892] (Stephani 1891b).

** Bazzania confertifolia (Steph.) Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 298, 1950 (Herzog 1950a). Bas.: Mastigobryum confertifolium Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 858 (482), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania conistipula (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum conistipulum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 458, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania conophylla (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 150, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum conophyllum Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 304, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

** Bazzania consanguinea (Hampe et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum consanguineum Hampe et Lindenb., Linnaea 20 (3): 327, 1847 (Hampe 1847).

** Bazzania consociata (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum consociatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 458, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

* Bazzania corbieri (Steph.) Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 86 (3/4): 483, 2008 (Meagher 2008). Bas.: Mastigobryum corbieri Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 122, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914). 108

** Bazzania crassidentata Fulford, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 86 (5): 338, 1959 (Fulford 1959b).

** Bazzania crassitexta Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 205, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

* Bazzania crenata (Trevis.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Pleuroschisma crenatum Trevis., Herb. Crypt. Trev. 2: 30, 1853 (Trevisan 1853; non vidi). 109

** Bazzania cubensis (Gottsche ex Steph.) Pagán, Bryologist 42 (2): 38, 1939 (Pagán 1939b). Bas.: Mastigobryum cubense Gottsche ex Steph., Hedwigia 24 (6): 248, 1885 (Stephani 1885b).

** Bazzania cucullata Onr., Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 47 (1/2): 142, 1977 (Onraedt 1977).

*** Bazzania cuneistipula (Gottsche et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum cuneistipulum Gottsche et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 225, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

* Bazzania curvidens Steph., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 30 (2): 197, 1891 [1892] (Stephani 1891b).

** Bazzania debilis N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 256, 1967 (Kitagawa 1967a).

** Bazzania deciduifolia Onr., Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 47 (1/2): 144, 1977 (Onraedt 1977).

*** Bazzania decrescens (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia decrescens Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 57, 1832 (Lehmann 1832). 110

** Bazzania decrescens var. dentistipula Kiaer et Pearson, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1892 (14): 6, 1893 (Pearson 1893).

** Bazzania decrescens subsp. molleri (Steph.) E.W.Jones, J. Bryol. 8 (3): 303, 1975 (Jones 1975). Bas.: Mastigobryum molleri Steph., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8 (2): 84, 1886 (Stephani 1886d).

** Bazzania decrescens subsp. pumila (Mitt.) Pócs, Trop. Bryol. 9: 129, 1994 (Pócs 1994c). Bas.: Bazzania pumila Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (146): 322, 1886 (Mitten 1886b).

** Bazzania densa (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 151, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum densum Sande Lac., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 418, 1854 [1855] (Sande Lacoste 1854).

** Bazzania densa var. connata (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 151, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum densum β connatum Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 302, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

*** Bazzania denticulata (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum denticulatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 718, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Bazzania denticulifera Mägd., Nova Hedwigia 38: 53, 1983 (Mägdefrau 1983).

** Bazzania denudata (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum denudatum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 2: 216, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Bazzania deplanchei (Gottsche) Jovet-Ast, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 18 (1/2): 83, 1949 (Jovet-Ast 1949b). Bas.: Mastigobryum deplanchei Gottsche, Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 955 (505), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania deplanchei var. filamentosa Tixier, Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 6 (2): 179, 1985 (Tixier 1985b).

** Bazzania desciscens (Steph.) Meijer, Blumea 10 (2): 382, 1960 (Meijer 1960). Bas.: Mastigobryum desciscens Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 862 (486), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania didericiana (Gottsche ex Steph.) Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5 (10): 841, 1897 (Stephani 1897c). Bas.: Mastigobryum didericianum Gottsche ex Steph., Hedwigia 24 (6): 249, 1885 (Stephani 1885b).

** Bazzania diminuta Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 305, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

* Bazzania distans (Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum distans Nees, Syn. Hepat. 2: 216, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a). 111

*** Bazzania diversicuspis Spruce, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 373, 1885 (Spruce 1885).

** Bazzania drepanophylla Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 301, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Bazzania dulitensis Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 299, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Bazzania dulongensis L.P.Zhou et Li Zhang, J. Bryol. 34 (1): 22, 2012 (Zhou et al. 2012).

** Bazzania eggersiana (Steph.) Pagán, Bryologist 42 (2): 39, 1939 (Pagán 1939b). Bas.: Mastigobryum eggersianum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 844 (468), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania elmeri (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 446, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum elmeri Steph., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 6: 2289, 1914 (Stephani 1914a).

** Bazzania elongata Fulford, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 86 (5): 337, 1959 (Fulford 1959b).

** Bazzania emarginata (Steph.) C.M.Cooke, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 12 (1): 17, 1904 (Cooke 1904). Bas.: Mastigobryum didericianum var. emarginatum Steph., Hedwigia 24 (6): 249, 1885 (Stephani 1885b).

** Bazzania engelii Glenny, Fieldiana, Bot. (n.ser.) 47: 176, 2007 (Glenny and Bartlett 2007).

*** Bazzania erosa (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia erosa Reinw., Blume et Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 230, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824a).

** Bazzania erosa var. pulopenangensis (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 157, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum erosum δ pulopenangense Lindenb. et Gottsche, Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 8-11: 99, 1851 (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851b).

*** Bazzania exempta J.J.Engel, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 99: 197, 2006 (Engel 2006c).

*** Bazzania falcata (Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum falcatum Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 231, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania falcifolia (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum falcifolium Steph., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 88: 33, 1911 (Stephani 1911d).

* Bazzania fallax (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 158, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum fallax Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 304, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

*** Bazzania fasciculata (Steph.) Meagher, Australas. Bryol. Newslett. 46: 6, 2002 (Meagher 2002). Bas.: Mastigobryum fasciculatum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 748 (432), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

** Bazzania fauriana (Steph.) S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 59 (693/694): 27, 1946 (Hattori 1946). Bas.: Mastigobryum faurianum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 843 (467), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania filiformis Steph., Hedwigia 28 (2): 131, 1889 (Stephani 1889a).

*** Bazzania flaccida (Dumort.) Grolle, Lindbergia 1 (3/4): 200, 1972 [1973] (Grolle 1972b). Bas.: Pleuroschisma flaccidum Dumort., Syll. Jungerm. Europ.: 71, 1831 (Dumortier 1831).

** Bazzania flavescens (Sande Lac. ex Steph.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 158, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum flavescens Sande Lac. ex Steph., Hedwigia 25 (1): 6, 1886 (Stephani 1886e).

** Bazzania fleischeri (Steph.) Abeyw., Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 2 (1): 45, 1959 (Abeywickrama 1959). Bas.: Mastigobryum fleischeri Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 773 (457), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

* Bazzania francana (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 446, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum francanum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 463, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania friabilis N.Kitag. et T.Kodama, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 39: 67, 1975 (Kitagawa and Kodama 1975b).

*** Bazzania fuhreri Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 92 (3/4): 488, 2011 (Meagher 2011).

** Bazzania fuscescens A.Evans, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 85, 1932 [1933] (Evans 1932b).

*** Bazzania gamscottii Meagher, Nova Hedwigia 92 (3/4): 492, 2011 (Meagher 2011).

*** Bazzania gedeana (Steph.) Meijer, Blumea 10 (2): 378, 1960 (Meijer 1960). Bas.: Mastigobryum gedeanum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 540, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Bazzania gracilis (Hampe et Gottsche) Steph., Hedwigia 27 (11/12): 279, 1888 (Stephani 1888c). Bas.: Mastigobryum gracile Hampe et Gottsche, Linnaea 25 (3): 346, 1852 [1853] (Hampe and Gottsche 1852).

** Bazzania grandiretis (Steph.) Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 298, 1950 (Herzog 1950a). Bas.: Mastigobryum grandirete Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 747 (431), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

** Bazzania griffithiana (Steph.) Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 82, 1967 (Mizutani 1967). Bas.: Mastigobryum griffithianum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 959 (509), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania gunniana (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum gunnianum Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 123, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

** Bazzania hainanensis L.P.Zhou et Li Zhang, J. Bryol. 34 (1): 25, 2012 (Zhou et al. 2012).

** Bazzania halconiensis (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 447, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum halconiense Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 759 (443), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

** Bazzania hamatifolia (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum hamatifolium Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (11): 862 (486), 1908 (Stephani 1908a).

** Bazzania harpago (De Not.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 159, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum harpago De Not., Epat. Borneo: 29, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

** Bazzania hebridensis (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum hebridense Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 124, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

** Bazzania herminieri (Gottsche ex Steph.) Pagán, Bryologist 45 (4): 90, 1942 (Pagán 1942b). Bas.: Mastigobryum herminieri Gottsche ex Steph., Hedwigia 25 (1): 8, 1886 (Stephani 1886e).

** Bazzania herzogiana Meijer, Blumea 10 (2): 371, 1960 (Meijer 1960). Nom. nov. pro Bazzania remotifolia Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 304, 1950 (Herzog 1950a), nom. illeg.

** Bazzania heterostipa (Steph.) Fulford, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 86 (6): 410, 1959 (Fulford 1959a). Bas.: Mastigobryum heterostipum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 532, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Bazzania himalayana (Mitt.) Schiffn., Österr. Bot. Z. 49 (4): 132, 1899 (Schiffner 1899b). Bas.: Mastigobryum himalayanum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5 (18): 105, 1860 [1861] (Mitten 1860c).

*** Bazzania hochstetteri (Reichardt) E.A.Hodgs., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 82 (1): 11, 1954 (Hodgson 1954). Bas.: Mastigobryum hochstetteri Reichardt, Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 959, 1866 (Reichardt 1866).

*** Bazzania hookeri (Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum hookeri Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 226, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania horridula Schiffn., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 60 (2): 258, 1893 (Schiffner 1893a).

** Bazzania inaequabilis Steph., Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 12 (1): 21, 1904 (Cooke 1904).

** Bazzania inaequitexta Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 208, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Bazzania incrassata (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 448, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum incrassatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 469, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania indica (Gottsche et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum indicum Gottsche et Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 230, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

** Bazzania indigenarum (Steph.) N.Kitag., Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., B 26 (2): 82, 1977 (Kitagawa 1977). Bas.: Mastigobryum indigenarum Steph., J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 48 (1/2): 124, 1914 (Stephani and Watts 1914).

** Bazzania insignis (De Not.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum insigne De Not., Epat. Borneo: 26, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

* Bazzania intermedia (Gottsche et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum intermedium Gottsche et Lindenb., Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 8-11: 82, 1851 (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851b).

** Bazzania intermedia var. sarawakiana (De Not.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 162, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum intermedium var. sarawakianum De Not., Epat. Borneo: 32, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

** Bazzania involuta (Mont.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Herpetium involutum Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (sér. 2) 19: 253, 1843 (Montagne 1843).

** Bazzania involuta var. submutica (Lindenb. et Gottsche) J.J.Engel et G.L.Merr., Bryologist 97 (3): 314, 1994 (Engel and Smith Merrill 1994). Bas.: Mastigobryum novae-hollandiae γ3 submuticum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Sp. Hepat. (Lindenberg) 8-11: 33, 1851 (Lindenberg and Gottsche 1851b).

** Bazzania involutiformis (De Not.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum involutiforme De Not., Epat. Borneo: 28, 1874 (De Notaris 1874).

** Bazzania irregularis (Steph.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 163, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum irregulare Steph., Hedwigia 25 (4): 133, 1886 (Stephani 1886b).

*** Bazzania jamaicensis (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Herpetium jamaicense Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 7: 7, 1838 (Lehmann 1838).

** Bazzania japonica (Sande Lac.) Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 224, 1872 [1873] (Lindberg 1872b). Bas.: Mastigobryum japonicum Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 303, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

** Bazzania japonica var. sumatrana Herzog, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 53 (1): 366, 1942 [1943] (Herzog 1942b).

** Bazzania javanica (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 163, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum javanicum Sande Lac., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 418, 1854 [1855] (Sande Lacoste 1854).

** Bazzania kernii Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 208, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Bazzania kokawana N.Kitag. et T.Kodama, J. Jap. Bot. 50 (1): 11, 1975 (Kitagawa and Kodama 1975a).

** Bazzania latifolia Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 209, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

* Bazzania lehmanniana (Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum lehmannianum Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 223, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a). 112

** Bazzania leratii (Beauverd) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 320, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum leratii Beauverd, Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 477, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania lessonii (Steph.) H.A.Mill., Phytologia 47 (4): 321, 1981 (Miller 1981). Bas.: Mastigobryum lessonii Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 531, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

** Bazzania levieri (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 448, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum levieri Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 944 (494), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania liebmaniana (Lindenb. et Gottsche) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum liebmanianum Lindenb. et Gottsche, Syn. Hepat. 5: 719, 1847 (Gottsche et al. 1847).

** Bazzania linearis Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 303, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Bazzania linguiformis (Sande Lac.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum linguiforme Sande Lac., Plagiochila Sandei: 8, 1856 (Sande Lacoste 1856c).

*** Bazzania longa (Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia longa Nees, Linnaea 6 (4): 623, 1831 (Nees 1831).

** Bazzania longa var. papillata (Steph.) Fulford, Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 3: 94, 1946 (Fulford 1946). Bas.: Mastigobryum papillatum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 3: 526, 1909 (Stephani 1909a).

*** Bazzania longicaulis (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 165, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum longicaule Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 303, 1864 (Sande Lacoste 1864).

** Bazzania longicaulis var. latiareata Herzog, Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fennica 26: 46, 1950 [1951] (Herzog 1950b).

*** Bazzania longistipula (Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 415, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Mastigobryum longistipulum Lindenb., Syn. Hepat. 2: 228, 1845 (Gottsche et al. 1845a).

*** Bazzania loricata (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia loricata Reinw., Blume et Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12 (1): 233, 1824 [1825] (Reinwardt et al. 1824a).

** Bazzania lowii (Sande Lac. ex Steph.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind.: 166, 1898 (Schiffner 1898b). Bas.: Mastigobryum lowii Sande Lac. ex Steph., Hedwigia 25 (5): 204, 1886 (Stephani 1886f).

** Bazzania luzonensis (Steph.) Del Ros., Philipp. J. Sci. 100 (3/4): 231, 1971 (Del Rosario 1971). Bas.: Mastigobryum luzonense Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 472, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania macgregorii Steph., Hedwigia 32 (4): 210, 1893 (Stephani 1893c).

** Bazzania macrostipula Fulford, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 86 (6): 407, 1959 (Fulford 1959a).

** Bazzania magna Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 2: 197, 1934 (Horikawa 1934).

** Bazzania magnistipula N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 132, 1980 (Kitagawa 1980).

** Bazzania malaccensis (Steph.) Tixier, Gard. Bull. Singapore 25 (3): 342, 1971 (Tixier 1971). Bas.: Mastigobryum malaccense Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 944 (494), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania manillana (Gottsche ex Steph.) S.Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 64 (755/756): 113, 1951 (Hattori 1951c). Bas.: Mastigobryum manillanum Gottsche ex Steph., Hedwigia 25 (5): 204, 1886 (Stephani 1886f).

* Bazzania marginata (Steph.) N.Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 449, 1972 [1973] (Kitagawa 1972). Bas.: Mastigobryum marginatum Steph., Rev. Bryol. 35 (2): 31, 1908 (Stephani 1908l).

** Bazzania marginella (Herzog) N.Kitag. et T.Kodama, Bull. Osaka Mus. Nat. Hist. 27: 17, 1973 (Kitagawa and Kodama 1973). Bas.: Mastigobryum marginellum Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 91, 1932 (Herzog 1932a).

* Bazzania mascarena (Steph.) Herzog, Bot. Not. 100 (4): 334, 1947 (Herzog 1947). Bas.: Mastigobryum mascarenum Steph., Hedwigia 25 (5): 205, 1886 (Stephani 1886f).

** Bazzania mayebarae S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 19: 91, 1958 (Hattori and Mizutani 1958).

* Bazzania menzelii E.D.Cooper, Phytotaxa 97 (2): 52, 2013 (Cooper et al. 2013). Nom. nov. pro Acromastigum emarginatum Herzog, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 1 (4): 309, 1950 (Herzog 1950a).

** Bazzania merrillana (Steph.) Inoue ex Bonner, Index Hepat. 3: 359, 1963 (Bonner 1963). Bas.: Mastigobryum merrillanum Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (12): 944 (494), 1908 (Stephani 1908b).

** Bazzania minuta (Austin) A.Evans, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts 8 (15): 255, 1891 (Evans 1891). Bas.: Mastigobryum minutum Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 5 (3): 17, 1874 (Austin 1874).

** Bazzania minutidens (Steph.) Inoue et H.A.Mill., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo (n.ser.) 8 (2): 142, 1965 (Inoue and Miller 1965). Bas.: Mastigobryum minutidens Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 474, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania minutiserra (Steph.) N.Kitag., Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., B 26 (2): 77, 1977 (Kitagawa 1977). Bas.: Mastigobryum minutiserrum Steph., Sp. Hepat. (Stephani) 6: 474, 1924 (Stephani 1924).

** Bazzania missionum (Herzog) Jovet-Ast, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 20 (1/2): 96, 1951 (Jovet-Ast 1951). Bas.: Mastigobryum missionum Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 93, 1932 (Herzog 1932a).

** Bazzania mittenii (Steph.) Steph., Hedwigia 28 (2): 132, 1889 (Stephani 1889a). Bas.: Mastigobryum mittenii Steph., Hedwigia 25 (6): 245, 1886 (Stephani 1886c).

*** Bazzania monilinervis (Lehm. et Lindenb.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. (Ser. 3), C. Sci. Mat. 4 (13): 414, 1877 (Trevisan 1877). Bas.: Jungermannia monilinervis Lehm. et Lindenb., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 56, 1832 (Lehmann 1832).

** Bazzania morokensis (Steph.) Grolle, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 1, 1968 (Grolle 1968a). Bas.: Mastigobryum morokense Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (sér. 2) 8 (10): 765 (449), 1908 (Stephani 1908c).

*** Bazzania nitida (F.Weber) Grolle, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 29 (3/4): 210, 1960 [1961] (Grolle 1960a). Bas.: Jungermannia nitida F.Weber, Hist. Musc. Hepat. Prodr.: 43, 1815 (Weber 1815).

*** Bazzania novae-zelandiae (Mitt.) Besch. et C.Massal., Miss. sci. Cape Horn, Bot. 5: 233, 1889 (Beschere