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Research Article
Lectotypifications of six taxa in the Boraginales (Cordiaceae and Heliotropiaceae)
expand article infoChristian Feuillet
‡ Smithsonian Institution, Washington, United States of America
Open Access

Abstract

A large number of specimens used as original material for the description of new species were destroyed in the bombing of the Berlin-Dahlem herbarium, B, in 1943. Six lectotypes are designated here for Cordia discolor Cham., Cordia multispicata Cham., Cordia tobagensis Urb. and its variety broadwayi Urb. in the Cordiaceae and for Tournefortia paniculata Cham. and Tournefortia ulei Vaupel in the Heliotropiaceae.

Keywords

Cordia, Cordiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, lectotype, Myriopus, Tournefortia, Varronia

Introduction

In the last ten years, several lectotypes have been designated in the Cordiaceae and Heliotropiaceae (Miller in Cafferty and Jarvis 2004; Gottschling and Miller 2006; Miller 2007; Feuillet 2008, 2013; Stapf 2010; Stapf and Silva 2013). In the preparation for the treatment of the Boraginales, or Boraginaceae s.l., for the Flora of the Guianas project, I found more taxa whose names had supposedly lost their type material when the Berlin (B) herbarium was bombed during World War II on the night of 1–2 March 1943 (Hiepko 1987: 251). Besides reading Hiepko (1987), I visited the Berlin collections of Boraginaceae in 1985 and 1987, and corresponded with Paul Hiepko and more recently with the head of the herbarium and checked the Berlin Virtual Herbarium database online without being able to substantiate the current presence at B of the types of the names lectotypified below. Typification problems in Cordia L. (Linnaeus 1753 : 190), Myriopus Small (1933: 1131), Tournefortia L. (Linnaeus 1753: 140), and Varronia P. Browne (1756: 172) are the subject of this paper.

In the citation of types, the word photo refers to a print deposited in herbaria and the word scan refers to a picture posted online, available directly through herbarium sites, or through sites like JSTOR or Europeana.

As far as I could find out, the type material of the names in the Cordiaceae and the Heliotropiaceae treated below have been destroyed at B during World War II. Lectotypes need to be designated according to Art. 9.2. of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (McNeill et al. 2012). Six such lectotypes are designated below. All the duplicates conform well to the descriptions and to the photographs of the lost specimens that are held at F and were taken by MacBride. Where the name typified is not the currently accepted name for the species, the accepted name is given beneath the type designation.

Typifications in the Cordiaceae

Cordia discolor Cham., Linnaea 4: 482. 1829.

Varronia discolor (Cham.) Borhidi, Acta Bot. Hung. 34(3–4): 388. 1988.

Type

Brazil. 1814, F. Sellow s.n. (B† [F0BN000966, photo!]; lectotype, here designated: LE [herb. Chamisso]; isolectotypes: HAL n.v. [HAL0098680, scan!], K! [K000583320, labelled “Ex reliquiis Sellowianis”, scan!], P! [P00634049, scan!]).

Accepted name

Varronia polycephala Lam.

Notes

The name was given by Chamisso in 1829 to a northern South American shrub now recognized as a synonym of Varronia polycephala Lam. The material of C. discolor used by Chamisso and conserved at B was destroyed during World War II. I have seen the scans of the duplicates cited below as lectotype and isolectotype(s). Chamisso’s herbarium is in the collection of the Leningrad Komarov Institute (LE) in St. Petersburg. Correspondence with Irina Illarionova and Vladimir Dorofeyev (LE) resulted in the photographs of three Sellow specimens for Cordia discolor in the LE collections. One has “Hortus Botanicus Imperialis Petri Magni.” printed on top of the sheet and has a label on the bottom that read “Herb. Reg. Berolinense/Cordia discolor Cham. et Schl./Brasilia. Sellow legit”. It seems to be part of the general collections of the LE herbarium, but not from Chamisso’s herbarium and the identification is not from Chamisso’s hand. Another one has 2 labels; one on the bottom left reads “Martii Herbar. Florac. Brasil N° 125” and on the bottom right “Herb. Reg. Berolinense. 1845/Cordia discolor Cham. et Schl./Brasilia. Sellow legit.”. It was sent to LE after Chamisso’s deathThe third one has one label in the bottom left corner that reads “Cordia discolor N.” on top, “Sellow” on the bottom left, and on the bottom right “Bras. tropica” and below “Hb Cham”. It has been seen and annotated by Chamisso. It is the best choice for a lectotype.

A fragment at F labelled Sellow 47 (GH n.v., fragment [GH00057561, scan!]) might be additional isolectotypes. In the Harvard University Herbaria Index of Specimens, F. Sellow 47 is listed as “Collector F. Sellow” and “Station 47”; the label reads “F. Sellow 472”, number that corresponds to the type of Stylogyne pauciflora Mez (Primulaceae). It is likely that in most cases the numbers accompanying Sellow’s collections are not collection numbers.

Cordia multispicata Cham. Linnaea 4: 490. 1829.

Lithocardium multispicatum (Cham.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 2: 977. 1891.

Type

Brazil. “Eastern Brazil”, F. Sellow s.n. [46?] (B† [F0BN000987, photo!]; lectotype here designated: US! [US00110697, scan!]; isolectotypes G! [G00177047, scan!], HAL n.v. [HAL0098661, scan!]).

Accepted name

Varronia multispicata (Cham.) Borhidi, Acta Bot. Hung. 34(3–4): 392. 1988.

Notes

The type material at B was destroyed during World War II. I am selecting as the lectotype the duplicate preserved at US that I have studied. I have also seen the duplicate at G, but have not carefully studied it.

Correspondence with Irina Illarionova and Vladimir Dorofeyev (LE) resulted in no specimen from the Chamisso herbarium collected by Sellow for Cordia multispicata or Varronia multispicata in the LE collections.

The collection F. Sellow 46 has been cited for other groups of plants like ferns, Asplenium sellowianun C. Presl ex Hieron. (Meza Torres 2011: 125), Orchidaceae, Pleurothallis sonderana H. G. Reichenbach (Harvard University Herbaria, Index of specimens), and F. Sellow [46] Solanaceae, Solanum convolvulus Sendtn. (Knapp 2013: 143). It is probable that 46 is not a collection number (see above).

Cordia tobagensis Urb., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 39. 1919.

Varronia tobagensis (Urb.) Borhidi Acta Bot. Hung. 34: 393. 1988.

Type

Trinidad & Tobago. Tobago, 9 Sep 1912, W.E. Broadway 3072 (holotype B†; lectotype here designated: GH n.v. [GH00095082, scan!] fragment of the B† holotype).

Accepted name

Varronia schomburgkii (DC.) Borhidi

Notes

The type material at B was destroyed during World War II. I am designating as the lectotype the only extant part of the original material known to me.

Cordia tobagensis Urb. var. broadwayi Urb., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 40. 1919.

Type

Trinidad & Tobago. Tobago, W.E. Broadway 4235 (holotype B†; lectotype here designated: GH n.v. [GH00095083, scan!] fragment of the B† holotype).

Accepted name

Varronia schomburgkii (DC.) Borhidi

Notes

I am designating as the lectotype the only duplicate of the original material known to me. The lectotypes of Cordia tobagensis and var. broadwayi designated above are mounted on the same sheet at GH, but the two collections are clearly identified and have a different barcode number. At MO, the specimen W.E. Broadway 4235 from the Grenadines is a member of the Fabaceae, Alysicarpus sp. (Tropicos).

Typifications in the Heliotropiaceae

Tournefortia paniculata Cham., Linnaea 4: 468. 1829.

Type

Brazil. “Brazil equinoctial”, F. Sellow s.n. (B† [F-1053, photo!]; lectotype here designated: G! [G00236172, scan!]).

Accepted name

Myriopus paniculatus (Cham.) Feuillet, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 264. 2008.

Notes

I designate as the lectotype the only duplicate known to me and that I have examined in 1982 and 1987.

Tournefortia ulei Vaupel, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin–Dahlem 6: 186. 1914.

Type

Bolivia. Río Madeira, Porvenir, Jan 1912, E.H.G. Ule 9711 (B† [F1063, photo!]; lectotype here designated: K! [K000583529, scan!]).

Notes

I choose as the lectotype the specimen preserved at Kew because I was able to study it 1979 and in the 1990s.

Acknowledgements

I am indebted to Vladimir Dorofeev (LE), Paul Hiepko (B), and Irina Illarionova (LE) for their help in locating potential type specimens. I want to thank the curators of the herbaria cited who made easy to get loans, or work in the collection in their care, or provided scans of types, the reviewers, and especially Sandy Knapp who helped me with the formatting. I am very grateful to the Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, where I was welcomed from 1988 to 2014 and the Botany and Plant Pathology Department, Oregon State University, where I retired and where I do research since the fall of 2014. This is number 214 in the Smithsonian’s Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield publication series.

References

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