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Research Article
Changes in the circumscription of Deprea (Physalideae, Solanaceae): thirty two new combinations
expand article infoRocío Deanna, Segundo Leiva González§, Gloria Estela Barboza|
‡ Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), CONICET and Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
§ Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru
| Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV-CONICET), and National University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
Open Access

Abstract

According to the latest phylogenetic and cytogenetic results, Larnax and Deprea should be merged in order to form a natural group. Consequently, we propose 32 combinations of Larnax species names under Deprea: D. abra-patriciae (S.Leiva & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov., D. altomayoensis (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov., D. andersonii (N.W.Sawyer) Deanna & S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. bongaraensis (S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza, comb. nov., D. chotanae (S.Leiva, Pereyra & Barboza) S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. darcyana (N.W.Sawyer) Barboza & S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. dilloniana (S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza, comb. nov., D. grandiflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza, comb. nov., D. harlingiana (Hunz. & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb nov., D. hawkesii (Hunz.) Deanna, comb. nov., D. kann-rasmussenii (S.Leiva & Quip.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov., D. longipedunculata (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Barboza, comb. nov., D. lutea (S.Leiva) Deanna, comb. nov., D. macasiana (Deanna, S.Leiva & Barboza) Barboza, comb. nov., D. maculatifolia (E.Rodr. & S.Leiva) S. Leiva, comb. nov., D. nieva (S.Leiva & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov., D. parviflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. pedrazae (S.Leiva & Barboza) Deanna & S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. peruviana (Zahlbr.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov., D. pilosa (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna, comb. nov., D. pomacochaensis (S.Leiva) Barboza, comb. nov., D. psilophyta (N.W.Sawyer) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov., D. pumila (S.Leiva, Barboza & Deanna) S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. purpurea (S.Leiva) Barboza & S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. purpureocarpa (S.Leiva, Deanna & Barboza) Deanna, comb. nov., D. sachapapa (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov., D. sagasteguii (S.Leiva, Quip. & N. W.Sawyer) Barboza, comb. nov., D. sawyeriana (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) S.Leiva, comb. nov., D. schjellerupiae (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov., D. steyermarkii (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov., D. toledoana (Barboza & S.Leiva) Barboza, comb. nov., and D. vasquezii (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna, comb. nov.

Keywords

Deprea, combinations, Solanaceae, Larnax

Introduction

Larnax Miers and Deprea Raf. are two closely related genera of Physalideae tribe (Solanaceae) that include 35 and 10 species, respectively. Both genera are restricted to the neotropics mainly inhabiting pre-montane and montane cloud forest from Bolivia to Costa Rica. Both Larnax and Deprea include species ranging from herbs to small trees with funnel-shaped to stellate corollas, but always with accrescent fruiting calyces tightly or loosely enclosing the berries (Sawyer 2005, Deanna et al. 2014a). The main centre of diversity for both genera is Peru and Ecuador (Leiva González et al. 2008, Deanna et al. 2014a, Jørgensen and León-Yánez 1999). Only one taxon extends north into Central America [L. sylvarum subsp. sylvarum (Standl. & C.V.Morton) N.W.Sawyer, Sawyer 2001] and one species is found at the south of their range in Bolivia [L. subtriflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers, Leiva González et al. 2013].

Deprea and Larnax are interesting for their chemical and medicinal value (Cardona et al. 2005, Misico et al. 2011, Casero et al. 2015), but also for their controversial circumscription and position within the Physalideae tribe (Olmstead et al. 2008, Särkinen et al. 2013, Carrizo García et al. submitted). Various authors have transferred species between the two genera for many years (Miers 1849, D´Arcy 1973, 1993, Sawyer 2001, Leiva González et al. 2005) and redefined their limits (Hunziker 2001, Sawyer 2005). Sawyer (2005) differentiated Deprea and Larnax based on six characters (filament base expansion, filament length, filament adnation, anther length, corolla shape, and pollen surface texture) according to morphological cladistic work, although some characters overlap in the two genera. Moreover, Sawyer (1999) obtained ambiguous results when attempting to set apart these genera using DNA sequence data in cladistic analysis, and the most recent phylogenetic analysis of the family (Särkinen et al. 2013) suggests they are not monophyletic.

Here we deal with the new circumscription of the two genera under Deprea and the consequent new combinations of Larnax based on recent phylogenetic evidence that show Deprea and Larnax to be monophyletic when their species are merged (100% bootstrap support), where species, as L. sachapapa Hunz., are resolved nested within a group of Deprea species, or vice versa (Carrizo et al. submitted). The phylogenetic evidence is further supported by results from recent extensive field collecting and taxonomic work which have shown that characters utilized to distinguish the two genera are not useful, and increasing number of species are found to have intermediate features between the two genera (see Table 1, Deanna et al. 2014b; Carrizo et al. submitted). Consequently, this paper synonymises Larnax under Deprea, expands the morphological circumscription of Deprea, and transfers the remaining Larnax species to Deprea, presenting all 32 new combinations, and a list of all currently accepted 45 names in Deprea. Type specimens are also cited with their corresponding barcode number if it is available or their sheet number where it is not (HUT, QCA, QCNE, QUSF, and W).

Characters used to delimit Larnax and Deprea according to Barboza and Hunziker (1994), Leiva González et al. (2005), and Sawyer (2005), contrasting with type species of each genera and species recently described having intermediate features (marked in bold).

Character Deprea orinocensis *(type species) Larnax subtriflora *(type species) Deprea zamorae Barboza & S.Leiva* Larnax pedrazae S.Leiva & Barboza Deprea sp. nov. (Deanna & Leiva 138)
Corolla shape Funnel-shaped Stellate Narrowly campanulate Stellate Campanulate
Ratio corolla lobes/ corolla tube 0.4–0.9 2.8–3.3 (1–) 1.2–1.5 1–1.2 0.8–1
Filament length** Equal Equal Equal or slightly unequal Equal Equal
Filament base expansion** Gradually expanded Gradually expanded Abruptly expanded Abruptly expanded Abruptly expanded
Filament adnation 4.1±0.7 1.3±0.3 1.7±0.2 1.5±0.2 1±0.2
Anther length Equal Subequal Equal Slightly unequal Subequal
Mucron in anthers** Absent Absent Absent Absent Present
Annular ring of hairs on the inner corolla** Present Present Present Absent Absent
Pollen surface texture Unknown Dense, minutely microechinate Widely sparse, minutely microechinate Unknown Unknown

Systematics

Deprea Raf., Sylva Tellur. 57. 1838.

Larnax Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2 (4): 37. 1849, syn. nov.

Type

Deprea orinocensis (Kunth) Raf. (Lectotype species, designated in D’Arcy 1973 [1974]. Flora of Panama, Part IX. Family 170. Solanaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60 (3): 624).

Erect shrubs to small trees with spreading branches, exceptionally herbs with axillary inflorescences generally with three to 15 flowers per node, calyx lobes minute or short, exceptionally long and narrowly triangular, corolla funnel-shaped to stellate, stamen petalum broadening gradually to abruptly in width basipetally, with or without auricles, anthers dorsifixed, generally exserted and mucronate, ovary glabrous, fruiting calyx always accrescent, enveloping the fleshy berry tightly or loosely.

Deprea abra-patriciae (S.Leiva & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax abra-patriciae S.Leiva & Barboza, Arnaldoa 16(1): 30. 2009.

Type

PERU. Amazonas: Bongará, Área de Conservación Privada Abra Patricia-Alto Nieva, km 364–365, carretera Fernando Belaunde Terry, 2250 m, 5°41'28.2"S, 77°48'41.1"W, 16 May 2009 (fl, fr), S.Leiva 4561 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 19: Leiva González & Barboza, Arnaldoa 16(1): 32. Fig. 1. 2009).

Deprea altomayoensis (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax altomayoensis S.Leiva & Quip., Arnaldoa 15 (2): 199. 2009 [2008 publ. Jan 2009].

Type

PERU. San Martin: Rioja, Bosque de Protección de Alto Mayo, 1010 m, 5°40'11.5"S, 77°37'48.5"W, 24 July 2008 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, M.Zapata & V.Quipuscoa 4480 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 21: Leiva González, Pereyra Villanueva & Barboza, Arnaldoa 15(2): 200. Fig. 1. 2008).

Deprea andersonii (N.W.Sawyer) Deanna & S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax andersonii N.W.Sawyer, Novon 8 (1): 72. 1998.

Type

ECUADOR. Napo: km 25 of Hollín-Loreto road, finca entrance next to bridge over a quebrada in secondary pluvial forest, 950 m, 00°40'S, 77°40'W, 1 July 1995 (fl, fr), N.W.Sawyer & M.Tirado 714 (holotype: MO n.v.; isotypes: CONN! [00054622], QCNE! [105520], US n.v.).

Deprea bongaraensis (S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax bongaraensis S.Leiva, Arnaldoa 13 (2): 292. 2006.

Type

PERU. Amazonas: Bongará, km 328–329, carretera Pomacochas-Nuevo Cajamarca, arriba de laguna Pomacochas, 2400 m, 5 Feb 2006 (fl, fr), S.Leiva 3543 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 21: Leiva González & Rodríguez Rodríguez, Arnaldoa 13(2): 293. Fig. 1. 2006).

Deprea chotanae (S.Leiva, Pereyra & Barboza) S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax chotanae S.Leiva, Pereyra & Barboza, Arnaldoa 15 (2): 203. 2008.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: Chota, Bosque El Pargo, 3050 m, 30 Sep 2004 (fl, fr), S.Leiva & J.Guevara 2883 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 21: Leiva González, Pereyra Villanueva & Barboza, Arnaldoa 15(2): 204. Fig. 3. 2008).

Deprea darcyana (N.W. Sawyer) Barboza & S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax darcyana N.W.Sawyer, Novon 11 (4): 463. 2001.

Type

COLOMBIA. Huila: forest around Mehrenberg, road from Popayan, 2350 m, 6 July 1984 (fl, fr), W.G.D´Arcy, A.Gentry, M.Monsalve & P.Silverstone 15626 (holotype: MO n.v.; isotype: CONN! [00054625]).

Deprea dilloniana (S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax dilloniana S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer, Arnaldoa 5 (1): 85. 1998.

Type

PERU. San Martín: Rioja, arriba del poblado Miraflores (ca. Nueva Cajamarca), 1260–1420 m, 3 Nov 1996 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, M.Dillon, I.Sánchez, V.Quipuscoa & P.Lezama 1919 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 21: CONN! [00066074]; isolectotypes: CONN! [00066075, 00168924!], CORD! [00004043], F! [2183234], HUT! [031930], MO! [05097641]).

Deprea grandiflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax grandiflora N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva, Novon 11 (4): 463. 2001.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, in forest along road from San Martín to El Chaupe, 1700 m, 05°11'S, 79°03'W, 26 June 1997 (fl, fr), N.W.Sawyer 827 (holotype: NY!; isotypes: CONN! [00054628], MO n.v.).

Deprea harlingiana (Hunz. & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax harlingiana Hunz. & Barboza, Kurtziana 24: 157. 1995.

Type

ECUADOR. Zamora-Chinchipe: Nudo de Sabanilla, E slope c. 5 km from pass on road Yanganá-Valladolid, 2700 m, 4 Apr 1985 (fl, fr), G.Harling & L.Andersson 23646 (holotype: GB! [0008131]; isotypes: CORD! [00006738], QCA! [156713]).

Deprea hawkesii (Hunz.) Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax hawkesii Hunz., Kurtziana 10: 9. 1977.

Type

COLOMBIA. Huila: Carretera a La Plata, región de Moscopán, Santa Leticia, 2230 m, 21 July 1948 (fl, fr), H.García-Barriga & J.C.Hawkes 12919 (holotype: US! [00385927]; isotypes: COL! [000004223, 000004224]).

Deprea kann-rasmussenii (S.Leiva & Quip.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax kann-rasmussenii S.Leiva & Quip., Arnaldoa 9 (1): 29. 2002 [2003].

Type

PERU. San Martín: Huallaga, entre La Ribera y Añazco Pueblo, 1850 m, 1 Sep 2000 (fl, fr), 06°84.705'S 77°48.440'W, S.Leiva & V.Quipuscoa 2470 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 23: HUT! [40031, two sheets]).

Deprea longipedunculata (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax longipedunculata S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos, Arnaldoa 5 (2): 194. 1998.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, Caserío La Bermeja, bosques de neblina La Bermeja, Dist. Tabaconas, 1830 m, 4 Jan 1998 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, J.Campos & E.Rodríguez Rodríguez 2098 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 25: CONN! [00055675]; isolectotypes: CORD! [00004044], F! [2198658], HUT! [031885], MO! [04906479]).

Deprea lutea (S.Leiva) Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax lutea S.Leiva, Arnaldoa 4 (1): 19. 1996.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: Chota, 1 km del poblado de Paraguay (Querocoto-La Granja), 2250 m, 7 Aug 1994 (fl, fr), S.Leiva González, P.Chuna & J.Cadle 1385 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 25: CORD! [00004045]; isolectotype: F! [2177616]).

Deprea macasiana (Deanna, S.Leiva & Barboza) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax macasiana Deanna, S.Leiva & Barboza, Phytotaxa 167 (1): 3. 2014.

Type

ECUADOR. Morona Santiago: Macas, Cerro San José del Quílamo, 500 m antes de la Virgen Purísima de Macas en el Quílamo, 1369 m, 78°08'19.3"W 02°17'45.4"S, 23 Jan 2013 (fl, fr), R.Deanna & S.Leiva 111 (holotype: QUSF! [29472]; isotypes: CORD! [00006797, 00006799], HAO!, QUSF! [29480]).

Deprea maculatifolia (E.Rodr. & S.Leiva) S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax maculatifolia E.Rodr. & S.Leiva, Arnaldoa 9 (2): 102. 2003.

Type

PERU. Amazonas: Bagua, Imaza, Comunidad Aguaruna de Yamayakat, 390 m, 10 Jan 2001 (fl, fr), E.Rodríguez Rodríguez, S.Leiva & R.Apanu 2384 (holotype: HUT! [38027]; isotypes: MO! [5763266], USM! [000899]).

Deprea nieva (S.Leiva & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax nieva S.Leiva & N.W.Sawyer, Arnaldoa 10 (1): 106. 2003.

Type

PERU. Amazonas: Bongará, km 384 carretera Nueva Cajamarca-Pomacochas (Florida), 2000 m, 05.41 S, 77.46 W, 12 June 1997 (fl, fr), S.Leiva & N.W.Sawyer 2045 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 25: Leiva González & Barboza, Arnaldoa 16(1): 32. Fig. 1. 2009).

Deprea parviflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax parviflora N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva, Novon 11 (4): 466. 2001.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: Cutervo, Bosque Cutervo, Parque Nacional Cutervo, NW border of Cordillera Tarros, Chorro Blanco sector, ca. 10 km WNW of San Andres de Cutervo, ca. 2650 m, 6°12'S, 78°46'W, 4 Nov 1990 (fl), M.O.Dillon, I.Sanchez V. & J.Guevara B. 6141 (holotype: F! [2059067]; isotype: CONN! [00168928]).

Deprea pedrazae (S.Leiva & Barboza) Deanna & S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax pedrazae S.Leiva & Barboza, Arnaldoa 16 (2): 14. 2009.

Type

PERU. Amazonas: Bagua, La Peca, Puente El Arenal (ruta La Peca-El Arenal), 1170 m, 5°35'27.2"S, 78°24'20.8"W, 12 Oct 2009 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, M.Zapata & G.Gayoso 4579 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 25: Leiva González, Bravi & Barboza, Arnaldoa 16(2): 16. Fig. 1. 2009).

Deprea peruviana (Zahlbr.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Athenaea peruviana Zahlbr., Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 7 (1–2): 7–8. 1892. Larnax peruviana (Zahlbr.) Hunz., Kurtziana 10: 9. 1977.

Type

[PERU. Cajamarca: Cutervo, La Ramada]. Tambillo, 29 July 1878 (fl, fr), C. de Jelski 54 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 25: W! [1891-0004186]).

Deprea pilosa (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax pilosa S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos, Arnaldoa 5 (2): 200. 1998.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, San José de Lourdes, Estrella del Oriente, borde de camino, 1600 m, 8 Jan 1998 (fl, fr), S. Leiva, J. Campos & E. Rodríguez 2108 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 26: CONN! [00051759]; isolectotypes: CORD! [00004047], F! [2198655], HUT! [031894], M! [M-0171580], MO! [04908631], NY! [00328792], USM! [000900]).

Deprea pomacochaensis (S.Leiva) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax pomacochaensis S.Leiva, Arnaldoa 13 (2): 299. 2006.

Type

PERU: Amazonas: Bongará, km 328–329 carretera Bongará-Nueva Cajamarca, arriba de laguna Pomacochas, 2400 m, 5 Feb 2006 (fl, fr), S.Leiva 3542 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 28: Leiva González & Rodríguez Rodríguez, Arnaldoa 13(2): 300. Fig. 5. 2006).

Deprea psilophyta (N.W.Sawyer) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax psilophyta N.W.Sawyer, Novon 8 (1): 74. 1998.

Type

ECUADOR. Zamora-Chinchipe: Nudo de Sabanilla, pass on road from Yanganá to Valladolid, elfin forest and clearings, 2800–2900 m, 5 Apr 1985 (fl, fr), G.W.Harling & L.Andersson 23724 (holotype: NY! [00312927]; isotype: QCA! [95-13/83]).

Deprea pumila (S.Leiva, Barboza & Deanna) S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax pumila S.Leiva, Barboza & Deanna, Phytotaxa 167 (1): 8. 2014.

Type

ECUADOR. Pastaza: Mera, rumbo hacia Río Anzú, sendero, 1340 m, 78°04'01.5"W, 01°25'31.6"S, 13 Nov 2011 (fl, fr), C.I.Orozco, G.E.Barboza, A.Orejuela & S.Leiva 3890 (holotype: CORD! [0006758]; isotypes: COL!, QCA!).

Deprea purpurea (S.Leiva) Barboza & S.Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax purpurea S.Leiva, Arnaldoa 4 (1): 16. 1996.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, Ruta San Ignacio-El Chaupe, riachuelo, entre abundantes arbustos, 1510 m, 4 Jan 1995 (fl, fr), S.Leiva G., P.Lezama A. & P.Chuna 1560 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 29: CORD! [00004049]; isolectotypes: F! [2177617], HUT! [031931], MO! [05077371], NY! [00076787], USM! [000901]).

Deprea purpureocarpa (S.Leiva, Deanna & Barboza) Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax purpureocarpa S.Leiva, Deanna & Barboza, Phytotaxa 167 (1): 12. 2014.

Type

ECUADOR. Napo: carretera Cosanga-Baeza, 5.4 km al sur de Baeza, en borde de carretera, 1855 m, 77°52'20.2"W, 00°28'34.2"S, 25 Jan 2013 (fl, fr), R.Deanna & S.Leiva 125 (holotype: QCNE! [0233491]; isotypes: CORD! [00006800], HAO!).

Deprea sachapapa (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax sachapapa Hunz., Kurtziana 10: 13–15. 1977.

Type

ECUADOR. Azuay: between Cruz Pamba and Loma de Canela, in region of Río Sadracay, tributary of Río Mehuir, north of Molleturo, in Cinchona forest, 2315–2500 m, 12 June 1943 (fl, fr), J.A.Steyermark 52965 (holotype: VEN! [119697]; isotypes: CORD! [00006739], F! [1276519]).

Deprea sagasteguii (S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax sagasteguii S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer, Arnaldoa 5 (1): 86–89. 1998.

Type

PERU. Piura: Ayabaca, Cerro Aypate, 2800–2880 m, 4°42.94'S, 79°34.25'W, 23 May 1996 (fl, fr), V.Quipuscoa S., O.Angulo Z. & R.Yahuana 601 (lectotype designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 30: HUT! [031934]).

Deprea sawyeriana (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) S. Leiva, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax sawyeriana S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos, Arnaldoa 5 (2): 203. 1998.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, Caserío La Bermeja, bosques de neblina La Bermeja, Dist. Tabaconas, 1830 m, 4 Jan 1998 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, J.Campos & E.Rodríguez 2097 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 31: HUT! [031884]; isolectotypes: CONN! [00055668], CORD! [00004051], F! [2198659], MO! [04906480]).

Deprea schjellerupiae (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax schjellerupiae S.Leiva & Quip., Arnaldoa 9 (1): 32. 2002 [2003].

Type

PERU. San Martin: Huallaga, La Fila, entre Añazco Pueblo y Leguía, 2000 m, 10 Sep 2000 (fr), S.Leiva & V.Quipuscoa 2479 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 31: HUT! [40030]).

Deprea steyermarkii (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax steyermarkii Hunz., Kurtziana 10: 11. 1977.

Type

ECUADOR. Zamora: Arenillas, at junction of río Santa Bárbara and río Tintas, between Ca mpanas and Arenillas, southeast of El Pan, 2195 m, 13 July 1943 (fl, fr), J.A.Steyermark 53535 (holotype: VEN! [119698]; isotypes: CORD!, F! [1276523, 1739588]).

Deprea toledoana (Barboza & S.Leiva) Barboza, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax toledoana Barboza & S.Leiva, Phytotaxa 167 (1): 16. 2014.

Type

ECUADOR. Zamora-Chinchipe: [Cerro Toledo], rumbo a Valladolid desde Yanganá, al costado de la ruta, 2690 m, 79°08'52.7"W, 04°26'30.7°S, 16 Nov 2011 (fl, fr), C.I.Orozco, G.E.Barboza, A.Orejuela & S.Leiva 3936 (holotype: QCA!; isotypes: CORD! [00006769, 00006770, 00006771], COL!, HAO!).

Deprea vasquezii (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna, comb. nov.

Basionym: Larnax vasquezii S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos, Arnaldoa 5 (2): 206. 1998.

Type

PERU. Cajamarca: San Ignacio, Dist. San José de Lourdes, Estrella del Oriente, 1600 m, 04°50'S, 78°55'W, 8 Jan 1998 (fl, fr), S.Leiva, J.Campos & E.Rodríguez 2109 (lectotype, designated in Deanna et al. 2014a, pg. 31: US! [00623565]; isolectotypes: CONN! [00055674], CORD! [00004050], F! [2198657], M! [M-0171574], MO! [04908632], NY! [00328793], US! [00623565], USM! [000902]).

After these new combinations, the genus Deprea includes the following 45 currently accepted species

1. Deprea abra-patriciae (S.Leiva & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna

2. Deprea altomayoensis (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna

3. Deprea andersonii (N.W.Sawyer) Deanna & S.Leiva

4. Deprea bitteriana (Werderm.) N.W.Sawyer & Benítez

5. Deprea bongaraensis (S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza

6. Deprea cardenasiana Hunz.

7. Deprea chotanae (S.Leiva, Pereyra & Barboza) S.Leiva

8. Deprea cuyacensis (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) S.Leiva & Lezama

9. Deprea cyanocarpa J.Garzon & C.I.Orozco

10. Deprea darcyana (N.W.Sawyer) Barboza & S.Leiva

11. Deprea dilloniana (S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza

12. Deprea ecuatoriana Hunz. & Barboza

13. Deprea glabra (Standl.) Hunz.

14. Deprea grandiflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) Deanna & Barboza

15. Deprea harlingiana (Hunz. & Barboza) S.Leiva & Deanna

16. Deprea hawkesii (Hunz.) Deanna

17. Deprea kann-rasmussenii (S.Leiva & Quip.) S.Leiva & Barboza

18. Deprea longipedunculata (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Barboza

19. Deprea lutea (S.Leiva) Deanna

20. Deprea macasiana (Deanna, S.Leiva & Barboza) Barboza

21. Deprea maculatifolia (E.Rodr. & S.Leiva) S.Leiva

22. Deprea nieva (S.Leiva & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza & Deanna

23. Deprea nubicola N.W.Sawyer

24. Deprea orinocensis (Kunth) Raf.

25. Deprea oxapampensis M.Cueva & I.Treviño

26. Deprea paneroi Benítez & M.Martínez

27. Deprea parviflora (N.W.Sawyer & S.Leiva) S.Leiva

28. Deprea pedrazae (S.Leiva & Barboza) Deanna & S.Leiva

29. Deprea peruviana (Zahlbr.) S.Leiva & Barboza

30. Deprea pilosa (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna

31. Deprea pomacochaensis (S.Leiva) Barboza

32. Deprea psilophyta (N.W.Sawyer) S.Leiva & Deanna

33. Deprea pumila (S.Leiva, Barboza & Deanna) S.Leiva

34. Deprea purpurea (S.Leiva) Barboza & S.Leiva

35. Deprea purpureocarpa (S.Leiva, Deanna & Barboza) Deanna

36. Deprea sachapapa (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Deanna

37. Deprea sagasteguii (S.Leiva, Quip. & N.W.Sawyer) Barboza

38. Deprea sawyeriana (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) S. Leiva

39. Deprea schjellerupiae (S.Leiva & Quip.) Barboza & Deanna

40. Deprea steyermarkii (Hunz.) S.Leiva & Barboza

41. Deprea subtriflora (Ruiz & Pav.) D’Arcy

42a. Deprea sylvarum (Standl. & C. V. Morton) Hunz. subsp. sylvarum

42b. Deprea sylvarum (Standl. & C. V. Morton) Hunz. subsp. novogranatensis N.W.Sawyer

43. Deprea toledoana (Barboza & S.Leiva) Barboza

44. Deprea vasquezii (S.Leiva, E.Rodr. & J.Campos) Deanna

45. Deprea zamorae Barboza & S.Leiva

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the IMBIV-CONICET (Cordoba, Argentina), the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Argentina), and the Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (Trujillo, Peru) for their facilities to perform this study; the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET, PID 00552), Fondo para la Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (FONCYT, PICT 2775), and the Secretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (SECyT–UNC) from Argentina for funding the study. We are also indebted to the reviewers for valuable suggestions and comments on the manuscript. The first author would like to especially thank FONCYT and CONICET for the scholarships provided for the doctorate studies.

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