Research Article
Research Article
Neottia maolanensis, a replacement name for Neottia bifida M.N.Wang (Orchidaceae)
expand article infoMei-Na Wang, Xin-Yi Wu, Cheng-Jiang Tan§, Ping Yu§, Wen-Hui Rao, Jie-Shan Chen, Jian Li, Jian-Bing Chen
‡ The Orchid Conservation & Research Center of Shenzhen and the National Orchid Conservation Center of China, Shenzhen, China
§ Management Department of Maolan National Nature Reserve, Libo, China
Open Access


According to Articles 53.1 of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Shenzhen Code), Neottia bifida M.N.Wang (as 'bifidus'; PhytoKeys 229: 222, 2023) is an illegitimate name, and hence a new name Neottia maolanensis M. N. Wang is proposed here.

Key words

homonym, illegitimate, Neottia maolanensis, Orchidaceae, replacement name

A new mycoheterotrophic orchid species was named as Neottia bifidus M. N. Wang in our recent work (Wang et al. 2023). However, it was overlooked that the specific epithet spelled as “bifidus” is incorrect. The correct one should be “bifida”. Unfortunately, we found “Neottia bifida” is a later homonym (Blume 1825). According to Articles 6.11, 53.1 of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Turland et al. 2018) that is currently in force, a new name is proposed here.

Neottia maolanensis M.N. Wang , nom. nov.

Replaced name

Neottia bifida M.N.Wang (as ‘bifidus’; in PhytoKeys 229: 222, 2023), nom. illeg., non. Neottia bifida Blume (in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8: 408, 1825).


China. Guizhou Province, Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Libo County, the Maolan National Nature Reserve, 825 m elev., 23 Apr 2021, J.B.Chen 00599 (holotype: NOCC!).

Chinese name



The species epithet refers to the type locality of the new species.


We thank Prof. Fu-Wu Xing for the constructive comments of the revise.

Additional information

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Ethical statement

No ethical statement was reported.


This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 32001245) and the Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of Shenzhen Municipality (Grant No. KCXFZ20211020164200001).

Author contributions

Funding acquisition: MNW. Writing-original draft: MNW. Writing-review and editing: MNW, YXW, CJT, PY, WHR, JSC. Supervision: JL, JBC.

Author ORCIDs

Mei-Na Wang

Xin-Yi Wu

Cheng-Jiang Tan

Ping Yu

Wen-Hui Rao

Jie-Shan Chen

Jian Li

Jian-Bing Chen

Data availability

All of the data that support the findings of this study are available in the main text.


  • Turland NJ, Wiersema JH, Barrie FR, Greuter W, Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S, Kusber WH, Li DZ, Marhold K, May TW, McNeill J, Monro AM, Prado J, Price MJ, Smith GF [Eds] (2018) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code): adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress, Shenzhen, China, July 2017 (Regnum Vegetabile 159). Koeltz Botanical Books, Glashütten.
  • Wang MN, Wu XY, Tan CJ, Yu P, Rao WH, Chen JS, Li J, Chen JB (2023) Neottia bifidus (Orchidaceae, Epidendroideae, Neottieae), a new mycoheterotrophic species from Guizhou, China. PhytoKeys 229: 215–227.
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