Heat map of Solanum diversity in Africa. Darker degree squares indicate greater species richness. The middle to high elevation regions of eastern Africa (Kenya/Tanzania) have the highest high species diversity, followed by secondary areas of species richness in the Ethiopian plateaus, dry areas of central Madagascar, South Africa and the area around Mount Cameroon. We have not analysed how collecting effort has influenced these patterns, but it is likely to be important. As the Leptostemonum Clade has the largest number of species in Africa, diversity in that clade drives species richness overall (see Vorontsova and Knapp 2016, figure 2). Map prepared by Sarah Ficinski.

  Part of: Knapp S, Vorontsova MS, Särkinen T (2019) Dichotomous keys to the species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) in continental Africa, Madagascar (incl. the Indian Ocean islands), Macaronesia and the Cape Verde Islands. PhytoKeys 127: 39-76. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.127.34326